Gâtinais (or Gâtine) was a former province of
France, containing the area around the valley of the Loing, corresponding roughly to the northeastern part of the départment of Loiret, and the south of the present departments Seine-et-Marne. Under the Bourbons, the Gâtinais had already been divided between the provinces of Île-de-France and Orleans. In the words of the modern tourist slogan for the "two Gâtinais", it lies between the Seineand the Loire.
Franks, Gâtinais was the " pagus" Wastinensis (or Vastinensis), one of five belonging to the Archbishop of Sens. Puisaye, and the archbishop's other fiefs in the northwest of the modern department of Yonne, west of the river, are also often considered part of Gâtinais; as is the area around Étampesin the present department of Essonne.
The capital of the province was
Château-Landon, and a twenty-five mile circle around Notre-Dame de Château-Landon would basically comprise it. The western part, "Gâtinais orléanais", would correspond to the arrondissements of Montargisand a large part of Pithiviers, in Loiret. The eastern part, "Gâtinais français", had Nemoursas its chief town, and corresponds to the arrondissement of Fontainebleauin Seine-et-Marne.
This is an essentially agricultural area, although the west is woody; it is known for its saffron; also for its honey, which is produced by traditional methods around Pithiviers.
James Branch Cabelluses the Gâtinais several times as a neighbour to Poictesme.
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