The Wind Done Gone

The Wind Done Gone

Infobox Book |
name = The Wind Done Gone


iaage_caption =
author = Alice Randall
country = United States
language = English
cover_artist =
series =
genre = Parody novel
publisher = Houghton Mifflin
release_date = 1 May 2001
media_type = Print (Hardback & Paperback)
pages = 210 pp (first edition, hardback)
isbn = ISBN 0-618-11309-7 (first edition, hardback)
preceded_by =
followed_by =

"The Wind Done Gone" (2001) is the first novel written by Alice Randall. It is a historical parallel novel that reinterprets the famous American novel "Gone with the Wind" (1936) by Margaret Mitchell.

Plot summary

The plot of "Gone with the Wind" revolves around a pampered Southern woman named Scarlett O'Hara, who lives through the American Civil War and Reconstruction. "The Wind Done Gone" is the same story, but told from the viewpoint of Scarlett's half-sister Cynara, a mulatto slave on Scarlett's plantation; the title is an African American Vernacular English sentence that might be rendered "The Wind Has Gone" in Standard American English. Cynara's name comes from the Ernest Dowson poem "Non sum qualís eram bonae sub regno Cynarae" ("I have forgot much, Cynara! gone with the wind") where the title of the original novel comes from.

The book consciously avoids using the names of Mitchell's characters or locations. Cynara refers to her sister as "Other", rather than Scarlett, and to Other's husband as "R" instead of Rhett Butler. Other is in love with "Dreamy Gentleman" (Ashley Wilkes), although he is married to "Mealymouth" (Melanie Wilkes). The magnificence of the O'Haras' house, Tara, is reduced to "Tata" or "Cotton Farm", and Twelve Oaks is renamed for its builders, "Twelve Slaves Strong as Trees".

Legal controversy

The estate of Margaret Mitchell sued Randall and her publishing company, Houghton Mifflin, on the grounds that "The Wind Done Gone" was too similar to "Gone with the Wind", thus infringing its copyright. The case attracted numerous comments from leading scholars, authors, and activists, regarding what Mitchell's attitudes would have been, and how much "The Wind Done Gone" copies from its predecessor. After the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit vacated an injunction against publishing the book in "Suntrust v. Houghton Mifflin" (2001), the case was settled in 2002 when Houghton Mifflin agreed to make an unspecified donation to Morehouse College, a historically African American college in Atlanta, Georgia in exchange for Mitchell's estate dropping the litigation.

The cover of the book bears a seal identifying it as "The Unauthorized Parody." It is parody in the broad legal sense: a work that comments or criticizes a prior work. This characterization was important in the "Suntrust" case. However, the book is not a comedy, as the term "parody" would imply in its common usage.

References

* cite book
authorlink = Alice Randall
first = Alice | last = Randall
title = The Wind Done Gone
id = ISBN 0-618-10450-X; ISBN 0-618-21906-4 (paperback); ISBN 0-618-19424-X (CD)
publisher = Houghton Mifflin
month = June | year = 2001

External links

* cite news
url = http://www.cnn.com/2001/fyi/news/04/13/wind.done.gone/
publisher = CNN
title = 'Gone With the Wind' parody draws challenges, supporters
date = 2001-04-13

* cite news
url = http://www.freedomforum.org/templates/document.asp?documentID=16230
publisher = Freedom Forum
title = Settlement reached over 'Wind Done Gone'
author = The Associated Press
date = 2002-05-10


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