- BBC News (TV channel)
Infobox TV channel
name = BBC News Channel
logofile = BBCNewsTVChannel.png
logosize = 250px
logoalt = BBC News
launch = 9 November 1997
share = 1.0%
share as of = August 2008
share source = [ [http://www.barb.co.uk/viewingsummary/monthreports.cfm?report=monthgmulti&requesttimeout=500 BARB ] ]
sister names =
BBC Parliament; BBC World News
former names = BBC News 24
web = [http://www.bbc.co.uk/news BBC News]
terr serv 1 = Analogue
terr chan 1 = Overnight on
BBC Oneor BBC Two
terr serv 2 = Freeview
terr chan 2 = Channel 80
sat serv 1 =
sat chan 1 = Channel 200
sat serv 2 = Sky Digital
sat chan 2 = Channel 503
sat serv 3 =
sat chan 3 = 11954 H / 27500 / 2/3
cable serv 1 =
cable chan 1 = Channel 601
cable serv 2 =
cable chan 2 = Channel 201
adsl serv 1 =
adsl chan 1 = Channel 501
online serv 1 =
BBC News Online
online chan 1 = [http://www.bbc.co.uk/mediaselector/check/player/nol/newsid_7350000/newsid_7352600?redirect=7352691.stm&news=1&nbram=1&bbram=1&nbwm=1&bbwm=1&asb=1 Watch online] (UK only)
slogan = "Britain's most watched news channel"
"Whenever you need to know"
BBC News is the BBC's 24 hour rolling news television channel in the United Kingdom and also available in the
Republic of Ireland. The channel launched as BBC News 24 on 9 November 1997 at 17:30 as part of the BBC's foray into digital domestic television channels, becoming the first competitor to Sky Newswhich had been running since 1989. [http://www.tvhome.co.uk/bbcnews24/about.phtml About BBC News 24] TV Home] Since then, with several relaunches, an increase in funding and resources from the BBC and improvements in digital television technology, the channel has been able to diversify content, with two minute looped bulletins available to view via BBCi, BBC News Onlineand the BBC's mobile website, alongside individual weather and sport bulletins. In May 2007 the channel became available for UK viewers to view through the BBC News website through a live stream. In April 2008 the channel was renamed "BBC News" as part of a £550,000 rebranding of the BBC's news output, complete with and new studio and presentation. BBC World was also renamed as " BBC World News".
As a major part of the
BBC Newsdepartment, the channel is based at and broadcast from the News Centre within BBC Television Centrein West London. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/aboutbbcnews/spl/hi/history/noflash/html/1990s.stm About BBC News] 1997: News on the move] The channel was named RTS "News Channel of the Year" in 2006, a first for the channel after five years.
BBC News 24 was originally available only to analogue
cable televisionsubscribers. To this day it and BBC Parliamentremain the only BBC "digital" channels which are made available to analogue cable subscribers. This coverage was improved in 1998 with the advent of digital televisionin the United Kingdom allowing satelliteand digital terrestrial televisionviewers to also view the service. Initially it was difficult to obtain a digital satellite or terrestrial receiver without a subscription to Sky or ONdigitalrespectively, but now the channel forms an important part of the Freeview package of channels. [ [http://www.freeview.co.uk/channels/news/news24 Freeview - Our Channels - BBC News 24] Freeview]
The BBC had run the international news channel
BBC Worldfor two and a half years prior to the launch of BBC News 24 on 9 November 1997. Sky Newshad had a free hand with domestic news for over eight years (since 5 February 1989) and being owned by News Internationaltheir papers were used to criticise the BBC for extending its news output. [ [http://www.chauy.com/2006/07/the-sky-news-blog-%E2%80%93-a-new-angle-in-the-news/ The Sky News Blog-A New Angle In The News?] Tips 'N' Tutorials] Sky Newsobjected to the breaking of its monopoly, complaining about the costs associated with running a channel that only a minority could view from the licence fee. Sky News claimed that a number of British cable operators had been incentivised to carry News 24 (which, as a licence-fee funded channel was made available to such operators for free) in preference to the commercial Sky News. However, in September 1999 the European Commissionruled against a complaint made by Sky News that the publicly funded channel was unfair and illegal under EU law. The Commission ruled that the licence fee should be considered state aid but that such aid was justified due to the public service remit of the BBC and that it did not exceed actual costs. [ [http://www.reckon.co.uk/open/BBC_News_24 BBC News 24 (State aid)] Reckon Regulation & Competition Economics LLP]
News 24 was one of the first BBC channels to make extensive use of new computerised broadcast technology, which was responsible for a considerable number of on-air gaffes and presentation errors in its early years.
The channel's journalistic output has been overseen by Controller of the channel,
Kevin Bakhurst, since 16 December 2005. This was a return to having a dedicated Controller for the channel in the same way as the rest of the BBC's domestic television channels. At launch, Tim Orchard was Controller of News 24 from 1997 until 2000. Editorial decisions were then overseen by Rachel Atwell in her capacity as Deputy Head of television news. Her deputy Mark Popescu became responsible for editorial content in 2004, a role he continued in until the appointment of Bakhurst as Controller in 2005. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/tv_and_radio/4417472.stm BBC to revamp TV news operation] - BBC News Online, 8 November 2005]
A further announcement by Head of television news
Peter Horrockscame at the same time as Bakhurst's appointment in which he outlined his plan to provide more funding and resources for the channel and shift the corporation's emphasis regarding news away from the traditional BBC One bulletins and across to the rolling news channel. The introduction of simulcasts of the main bulletins on the channel was to allow the news bulletins to pool resources rather than work against each other at key times in the face of competition particularly from Sky News. [ [http://www.tvnewsroom.co.uk/newsdesk/news.php?subaction=showfull&id=1131460853&archive=&start_from=&ucat=5& BBC announces changes to Television News] TV Newsroom, 8 November 2005]
The BBC Governors' [http://www.bbc.co.uk/annualreport/ annual report] for 2005/2006 reported that average audience figures for fifteen minute periods had reached 8.6% in multichannel homes, up from 7.8% in 2004/2005. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbctrust/assets/files/pdf/review-report-research/bbcannualreport.pdf BBC Governor's Annual Report 2005/2006] Page 47] The 2004 report claimed that the channel outperformed Sky News in both weekly and monthly reach in multichannel homes for the January 2004 period, and for the first time in two years moved ahead of Sky News in being perceived as the channel best for news. [ [http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/article/ds15400.html BBC News 24 edging ahead of Sky News] Neil Wilkes; Digital Spy, 19 August 2004]
On 22 February 2006, the channel was named "News Channel of the Year" at the Royal Television Society Television Journalism Awards for the first time in its history. [ [http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/article/ds29532.html BBC winners at TV journalism awards] Dave West; Digital Spy, 23 February 2006] The judges remarked that this was the year that the channel had "really come into its own." [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/newswatch/ukfs/hi/newsid_4740000/newsid_4742600/4742620.stm News 24 wins news channel of the year] Newswatch - BBC News Online, 23 February 2006]
On 21 April 2008 BBC News 24 was renamed "BBC News" on the channel itself - but is referred to as the "BBC News Channel " on other BBC services. [ [http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/media/article3735982.ece] BBC News 24 to be renamed] This is part of the creative futures plan, launched in 2006, to bring all BBC News output under the single brand name. [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2006/jun/12/digitalmedia.marketingandpr] Creative Futures Plan]
News 24 moved from the Studio N8 set (now home to BBC World News) to what was the home of the national news in Studio N6, allowing the news channel to share its set with the "
BBC News at One" and the " BBC News at Ten" - with other bulletins moving to studio TC7. [ [http://www.tvradiobits.co.uk/idents/news24c.htm 2008 Changes] ]
Each hour consists of headlines on each quarter hour, extended at the top of the hour to form the main part of the daily schedule though these are interspaced with other programmes, generally at weekends. This will be often be displaced by rolling news coverage including reports and live interviews. Weather summaries are provided every half hour by forecasters from the
BBC WeatherCentre while business and sport updates are also presented generally from within the main studio.
The BBC maintains guidelines for procedures to be taken for breaking news. [ cite web | url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbctrust/assets/files/pdf/review_report_research/impartiality_business/f2_news_submission.txt | title=Editoral processes - How BBC News works | publisher=
BBC Trust| date=2007-01-22 | accessdate=2007-06-19 ] With domestic news, the correspondent first records a "generic minute" summary (for use by all stations and channels) and then priority is to report on BBC Radio 5 Live, then on the BBC News Channel and any other programmes that are on air. For foreign news, first a "generic minute" is recorded, then reports are to World Service radio, then the reporter talks to any other programmes that are on air.
A key claim made by Lord Lambert in his report had been that the channel was slower to react to breaking news compared with its main rival Sky News. [ [http://www.tvhome.co.uk/bbcnews24/about.phtml Getting creative breakthrough...-About BBC News] TV Home] To counteract this, a new feature introduced with the 2003 relaunch was a 'breaking news sting': a globe shown briefly onscreen to direct a viewer's attention to the breaking news.
The graphics relaunch in January 2007 has since seen the globe sting replaced by a red strapline to highlight the breaking story immediately.
To complement this, a permanent live news ticker had earlier been introduced in 2006: this had only previously been in use sporadically. News statements are shown as continuously-scrolling upper-case text located at the bottom of the screen; some past ambiguities noted have included spelling the plural of MPs as "MPS", together with other occasional spelling and grammatical errors. The design of this ticker was slightly altered with the 2007 graphics redesign and from June turned red to indicate breaking news, as "Newswatch" reported viewers' confusion.
Overnight and special simulcasts
The BBC began
simulcasting the channel overnight on terrestrial channel BBC Onewith the launch of the channel, ending the tradition of a closedown but at the same time effectively making the service available to many more viewers. In the early 2000s, BBC Twoalso started simulcasting the channel, although the weekend morning show "Weekend 24" had been simulcast on the channel in the early days. During major breaking news events, the BBC News Channel has been broadcast on BBC One; examples of special broadcasts include the September 11th attacks, 7 July 2005 London bombingsand the capture of Saddam Hussein. [ [http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/article/ds23123.html News 24 claims July victory] Neil Wilkes; Digital Spy, 1 August 2005] [ [http://www.tvnewsroom.co.uk/newsdesk/news.php?subaction=showfull&id=1124647138&archive=&start_from=&ucat=5& News 24 top for rolling news] TV Newsroom, 21 August 2005] Coverage of major events has also been simulcast on BBC World.
imulcast BBC One programmes
Since the launch of "Breakfast" in 2000, the programme has been simulcast on both BBC One and BBC News, replacing the individual breakfast news programmes that had been run by both channels. Since May 2006, the simulcast begins with the programme at 06:00 until 08:30 when programming on BBC News begins. "Breakfast" on BBC One then generally continues until 09:15.
BBC News at Ten" began simulcasting on the channel on 30 January 2006 as part of the "Ten O'Clock Newshour", followed by extended sport and business news updates. The bulletin was joined in being simulcast on 10 April 2006 when the " BBC News at One" (with British Sign Languagein-vision signing) and " BBC News at Six" bulletins were added to the schedule following a similar format to the "News at Ten" in terms of content on the channel once each simulcast ends.
During the Summer, the hour long programme "News 24 Sunday" is broadcast both on
BBC Oneand the BBC News Channel at 9:00, to replace " The Andrew Marr Show", which is off air. It is presented by Peter Sissons, and comes from the main News channel studio. The programme is made up mostly of interviews focusing on current affairs, and includes a full paper review, a weather summary, and a news update at 9:00, 9:30 and 10:00.
Other programming produced solely by the BBC News channel includes the "BBC News at Five O'Clock " with Huw Edwards (including "Film 24" with
Mark Kermodeat 17:45 on Fridays), Entertainment programme "E24" (at 18:30 and 21:30, with Tasmin Lucia Khan), " Sportsday" (at 18:45, except on Friday and Saturdays when it is from 18:30, plus 22:30 every weekday) and "Newswatch" (Friday 20:45, Saturday 07:45).
Programmes including "Click", "
Dateline London", " HARDtalk", "Our World", "E24", "The Record Europe", " Reporters", "Straight Talk", " Your News" and "Your Money" appear regularly in the weekend schedules. Many of these programmes also appear throughout the week on BBC News's sister channel BBC World News.
Previous BBC News programming includes "Head 2 Head", "
STORYFix" and "BBC News 24 Tonight" a regular weekday evening programme providing a round up of the days news which ran from 2005 to 2008.
BBC World News shared programming
Between 01:00 and 06:00 UK Time (UKT) the channel simulcasts with its sister channel, BBC World News, for the first 25 minutes of each hour. Non-World programmes air generally on the half hour, notably "ABC World News with Charles Gibson" at 01:30. Since 21 April 2008, the overnight bulletins, while produced by the BBC News Channel were broadcast from the studios of BBC World News.
On 1 October 2007, BBC World News started broadcasting "
BBC World News America" and " World News Today" at 00:00 and 03:00 UKT respectively. The programmes are also simulcast on the BBC News channel, except for "BBC World News America", which only broadcasts for half an hour from 00:30 UKT.
In 1990, new broadcaster
British Satellite Broadcastinglaunched its new satellite television service. During the news programmes on Galaxy and Now and during the sports news programme on The Sports Channelclips from other broadcaster's sports output would be used to illustrate the sports headlines. The BBC took BSB to court to sue them for copyright violation for showing highlights of the BBC's live broadcasts of the 1990 FIFA World Cupfootball matches. The High Court of Justicedecided that the "rebroadcasts were for the purposes of reporting the news" and were legal, even if the "highlights were also entertaining", the BBC lost the case but set a legal precedent. [ [http://nic.suzor.com/articles/TransformativeUse.pdf Transformative Use of Copyright Material] page 141]
This has allowed all UK television broadcasters to legally package highlights from their own and other broadcasters' output into news programmes without payment or permission, as only a caption indicating the originating broadcaster is required.
This has allowed the BBC to benefit from the action it took against BSB, to provide a cut-price sport news service since the channel launched. As the precedent only applies to television,
Sky Newsis not streamed online as the "criticism and review" provision used does not apply outside broadcast television. Since the beginning of May 2007, BBC News 24 has been streamed online. [cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2007/05_may/08/news24.shtml|title=Press Release: BBC News 24 streamed live on BBC News website permanently|publisher=BBC Press Office|accessdate=2007-05-25]
Sports bulletins are usually at 45 minutes past the hour, with headlines at 15 minutes past the hour. There are also two extended sports bulletins per day, entitled 'Sportsday' broadcast at 6.45pm (6.30 Friday and Saturday) and 10.30pm (weekdays only). Each bulletin is read by a single sports presenter, with the exception of Saturday Sportsday, which is double headed.Bulletins during
BBC Breakfastare presented by Chris Hollinsor Mike Bushell, with the latter also appearing on other sports bulletins on the channel. The other presenters for bulletins on the channel are Sonja McLaughlan, Celina Hinchcliffe, Francis Collings, Dan Pallett Dan Walker, Olly Foster, [http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/biographies/biogs/bbc_world/amandadavies.shtml Amanda Davies] , Sean Fletcher, David Garrido, Adnan Nawaz, Amelia Harris and Robin Bailey. These presenters also often produce reports on major sports stories, as well as appearing on the BBC Oneweekend bulletins.
An hourly business update is included during the weekday schedule from the BBC Business Unit, usually presented by
Declan Curryor Aaron Heslehurstduring BBC Breakfastand through the morning until the BBC News at Oneand Maryam Moshirilater on in the day. Other presenters include Susannah Streeter, Babita Sharma, Sara Coburnand Sally Eden. These updates are usually broadcast at 40 minutes past the hour from 8.40am until 10.40pm. The final bulletin is an extended roundup of the day's business news. It was during a Business segment that Karen Bowermanfamously interviewed Guy Gomathinking him to be Guy Kewney.
Since December 2007, the main regular presenters on the channel have been
Simon McCoy, Carrie Gracie, Matthew Amroliwala, Jane Hill, Jon Sopel, Louise Minchin, Huw Edwards, Ben Brown, Joanna Goslingand Chris Eakin[ [http://news-bbc.wetpaint.com/page/BBC+News+Channel+Presenters+-+Weekdays BBC News Channel Presenters - Weekdays] ] . The main weekend presenters are Maxine Mawhinney, Nicholas Owen, Peter Sissons, Tim Willcox, Sally Nugent, Chris Lowe and Annita McVeigh[ [http://news-bbc.wetpaint.com/page/BBC+News+Channel+Presenters+-+Weekends BBC News Channel Presenters - Weekends] ] . Some of these presenters also regularly stand in during the week. Overnight presenters on the channel include Karin Giannone, Martine Croxall, Alastair Yates, James Dagwelland Deborah Mackenzie, with Giannone and Croxall also appearing during the day.
Regular relief presenters on the channel include
Julian Worricker, Sophie Long, Gavin Esler, Sue Thearle, Emily Maitlis, [http://www.bbc.co.uk/england/northwesttonight/profiles/stuart_flinders.shtml Stuart Flinders] , Rachel Schofield, Jonathan Charlesand Juliet Dunlop. BBC News Correspondents Jo Coburn, Adam Parsonsand Sangita Myskaalso present on the channel.
The simulcasting of the main national news bulletins has led to the presenters of those bulletins appearing on the channel, with these presenters currently including
Sophie Raworth, George Alagiah, Huw Edwardsand Fiona Bruce. The main BBC Breakfastpresenters have also appeared on the channel since it was first launched as a simulcast programme in 2000, with the current presenters being Bill Turnbull, Sian Williams, Charlie Staytand Susanna Reid.
During a major news event one or more of the main news presenters may be sent to anchor live for the channel from the scene of the story, where they will conduct interviews with the people involved, question correspondents, introduce related reports and also give general information on the story, much as a reporter sent to cover a story would. The presenters often have expertise in the story they are sent to cover, for example, former
Pariscorrespondent Jon Sopelpresented coverage of the 2007 French presidential elections.
Past presenters on BBC News include
Peter Coe, Stephen Cole(now with Al Jazeera English), Peter Dobbie(now with BBC World News), Gwenan Edwards, Mike Embley(now with BBC World News), Adrian Finighan(now with CNN International), Kate Garraway(now with GMTV), Krishnan Guru-Murthy(now with Channel 4 News), Jackie Hardgrave, Andrew Harvey, Philip Hayton, Anna Jones(now with Sky News), Claire Marshall(now South America correspondent) Sarah Montague(now presenting Today on Radio 4), John Nicolson, Liz Pike, Martin Popplewell(now with Sky News), David Robertson (now with Reporting Scotland), Valerie Sandersonand [http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/biographies/biogs/bbc_world/philippathomas.shtml Philippa Thomas] (now with BBC World News).
The channel was originally criticised for its style of presentation, with accusations of it being less authoritative than the
BBC Onenews bulletins, since presenters appeared onscreen without jackets. Jenny Abramskyhad originally planned to have a television version of the informal news radio channel BBC Radio Five Live, or a TV version of Radio 4 News FMboth of which she had run. The bright design of the set was also blamed for this - one insider reportedly describing it as a "car crash in a shower" - and was subject to the network relaunch on 25 October 1999. The channel swapped studios with sister channel BBC World, moving to studio N8 within the newsroom, where it remained until 2008. New music and title sequences accompanied this set change, following the look of newly relaunched BBC One bulletins.
Graphics and titles were developed by the
Lambie-Nairndesign agency and were gradually rolled out across the whole of BBC News, including a similar design for regional news starting with Newsroom South Eastand the three "BBC Nations" - Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The similarity of main BBC News output was intended to increase the credibility of the channel as well as aiding cross channel promotion. [http://www.tvhome.co.uk/bbcnews24/about.phtml About BBC News] TV Home]
A major graphics relaunch in January 2007 has since seen the look of the channel updated, with centred headline straplines, a redesigned '
Digital on-screen graphic' and repositioned clock. The clock, originally placed to the left hand side of the channel name, could only be viewed in widescreen, being partially cut off when viewed in the 14:9 format or less. Following complaints, the clock was moved to the right hand side of the channel name in February 2007, shown in white within a small black rectangle. [cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/theeditors/2007/01/fine_tuning.html|title=BBC News - The Editors - Fine tuning|date=22 January 2007]
The large straplines for story names have been replaced with smaller versions while only a 'Breaking News' strap has retained the size of text. Above the channel name a themed box now appears with different visual clues for news, sport and business. BBC World News bulletins also adopted this style on the same day, while bulletins on both channels as well as the bulletins on BBC One have the same title sequence, the only difference being the name of the channel or bulletin.
The 2008 relaunch saw new graphics, with similarities between those introduced in 1999 and 2007. The style of the logo graphic or 'DOG' and news ticker remained, although the ticker was recoloured in grey rather than white.
The Lambert report
The Lambert Report into the channel's performance in 2002 called upon News 24 to develop a better brand of its own, to allow viewers to differentiate between itself and similar channels such as
Sky News. As a direct result of this, a brand new style across all presentation for the channel launched on Monday 8 December 2003 at 09:00. Philip Haytonand Anna Joneswere the first two presenters on the set, the relaunch of which had been put back a week due to previous power disruptions at Television Centre where the channel is based. The new designs also featured a dynamic set of titles for the channel; the globe would begin spinning from where the main story was taking place, while the headline scrolled around in a ribbon; this was occasionally replaced by the BBC News logo.
Bulletins on BBC One adopted the style later in February 2004 despite moving into a new set in January 2003 but retaining the previous ivory
Lambie-Nairntitles. News 24 updated the title colours slightly to match those of BBC One bulletins in time for the 50th anniversary of BBC television news on 5 July 2004. [ [http://www.tvradiobits.co.uk/idents/news24b.htm BBC News 24 2003-08] TV & Radio Bits]
Listen|filename=Bbc news theme 2007.ogg
title=Excerpt of the 2007 BBC News theme|description=An excerpt from the "2007 BBC News theme" by
An important part of the channel's presentation since launch has been the top of the hour countdown sequence, since there is no presentation system with continuity announcers so the countdown provides a link to the beginning of the next hour. A similar musical device is used on
BBC Radio Five Live, and mirrors the pips on BBC Radio 4.
Previous styles have included a series of fictional flags set to music between 1997 and 1999 before the major relaunch, incorporating the new contemporary music composed by
David Lowe, and graphics developed by Lambie-Nairn. Various images, originally ivory numbers fully animated against a deep red background, were designed to fit the pace of the channel, and the music soon gained notoriety, and was often satirised and parodied in popular culture, perhaps most famously by comic Bill Baileywho likened the theme music to an "apocalyptic rave". Images of life around the UK were added in replacement later with the same music, together with footage of the newsroom and exterior of Television Centre. The 2003 relaunch saw a small change to this style with less of a metropolitan feel to the footage.
A brand new version was introduced on 28 March 2005, designed and created by BBC Broadcast and directed by Mark Chaudoir was launched. The full version runs for 60 seconds, though only around 30 seconds are shown on air. The music was revised completely but the biggest change came in the footage used - it now reflects the methods and nature of newsgathering, while a strong emphasis is placed on the BBC logo itself. Satellite dishes are shown transmitting and receiving red "data streams". In production of the countdown sequence, Clive Norman filmed images around the United Kingdom, Richard Jopson in the United States, while BBC News cameramen filmed images from
Iraq, Beijing, Shanghai, Africa, as well as areas affected by the 2004 Asian Tsunami and others.
The sequence has since seen several remixes to the music and a change in visuals to focus more on the well-known journalists, with less footage of camera crews and production teams. Changes have also seen the channel logo included during the sequences and at the end, as well as the fonts used for the time. The conclusion of the countdown was altered in 2008 to feature the new presentation style, rather than a data stream moving in towards the camera.
A full three minute version of the countdown music was made available on the BBC News website and David Lowe's own after a remix on 16 May 2006. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/talking_point/4992088.stm News 24 'releases' countdown music] - BBC News Online, 18 May 2006]
An international version of the countdown was launched on BBC World News on 5 September 2005 featuring more international content and similar music. Various changes have been made to the music and visuals since then, with presentation following the style of BBC News.
ITV News Channel
BBC World News
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7459669.stm BBC News channel stream] (available to UK & Ireland viewers only)
* [http://www.tvnewsroom.co.uk/bbcnews/n24/ TV Newsroom presentation coverage]
* [http://www.tvhome.co.uk/bbcnews24/sounds.phtml MP3 tracks of BBC News music: 1997, 1999 and 2003] - See the
David Lowearticle for more.
* [http://www2.tv-ark.org.uk/bbcnews/index.html BBC News at TV Ark]
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