- British standard pipe thread
The British Standard Pipe thread (BSP thread) is a family of standard
screw threadtypes that has been adopted internationally for interconnecting and sealing pipe ends by mating an external (male) with an internal (female) thread.
Two types of threads are distinguished:
* Parallel ('straight') threads, which have a constant diameter, denoted by the letter G; also abbreviated as BSPP (British Standard Pipe Thread Parallel);
* Taper threads, whose diameter increases or decreases along the length of the thread, denoted by the letter R; also abbreviated as BSPT (British Standard Pipe Thread Taper).They can be combined into two types of joints:
* Jointing threads: These are pipe threads for joints made pressure-tight by the mating of the threads. They always use a taper external thread, but can have either parallel or taper internal threads. (In Europe, taper internal pipe threads are not commonly used.)
* Longscrew threads: These are parallel pipe threads used where a pressure-tight joint is achieved by the compression of a soft material (
gasket) on to the surface of the external thread by tightening a backnut against a socket.
For both the taper and the parallel pipe threads, the Whitworth threadform is used, which has the following characteristics:
* symmetrical V-thread in which the angle between the flanks is 55° (measured in an axial plane)
* one-sixth of this sharp V is truncated at the top and the bottom
* the threads are rounded equally at crests and roots by circular arcs ending tangentially with the flanks
* the theoretical depth of the thread is therefore 0.64 times the nominal pitch
Pipe thread sizes
A list of 15 thread sizes are defined by the standards, ranging from 1/16 to 6. The size number was originally based on the "inner" diameter measured in
inches (25.4 mm) of a steel tube for which the thread was intended, but is in the modern metric version of the standard simply a size number.
The major diameter listed is the outer diameter of the external thread. For a taper thread, it is the diameter at the "gauge length" from the small end of the thread. The taper is "1 to 16", meaning that for each 16 units of measurement increase in the distance from the end, the diameter increases by 1 unit of measurement.
Pipe thread designations
These standard pipe threads are formally referred to by the following sequence of blocks:
* the words "Pipe thread",
* the document number of the standard (e.g., "ISO 7" or "EN 10226")
* the symbol for the pipe thread type:
** G = external + internal parallel (ISO 228)
** R = external taper (ISO 7)
** Rp = internal parallel (ISO 7)
** Rc = internal taper (ISO 7)
** Rs = external parallel
* the thread size
Threads are normally right-hand. For left-hand threads, the letters "LH" are appended.
Example: Pipe thread EN 10226 Rp 2 1/2
International standardISO 7-1: Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads — Part 1: Dimensions, tolerances and designation. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva.
* BS EN 10226: Pipe threads where pressure tight joints are made on the threads. (The European version of ISO 7.)
** Part 1: Taper external threads and parallel internal threads — Dimensions, tolerances and designation.
** Part 2: Taper external threads and taper internal threads — Dimensions, tolerances and designation.
* BS 21: Pipe threads for tubes and fittings where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads (metric dimensions).
British Standards Institute, 1985. (Superseded by BS EN 10226:2004).
International standardISO 228-1: Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are not made on the threads — Part 1: Dimensions, tolerances and designation.
* BS 2779: Specification for pipe threads for tubes and fittings where pressure-tight joints are not made on the threads (metric dimensions), 1986.BS EN 10226-1:2004
National pipe thread
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