Cingulate gyrus

Cingulate gyrus

Infobox Brain
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = gyrus cinguli
GraySubject =
GrayPage =


Caption = Medial surface of left cerebral hemisphere.


Caption2 = Human brain inferior-medial view (Cingulate gyrus is #7)
IsPartOf =
Components = Anterior cingulate gyrus, Posterior cingulate gyrus
Artery =
Vein =
BrainInfoType = hier
BrainInfoNumber = 141
MeshName = Gyrus+Cinguli
MeshNumber =
DorlandsPre = g_13
DorlandsSuf = 12405192

Cingulate gyrus (belt ridge in eng.) is a gyrus in the medial part of the brain. It partially wraps around the corpus callosum and is limited above by the cingulate sulcus.

The cortical part of the cingulate gyrus is referred to as cingulate cortex.

Connections

The cingulate gyrus receives inputs from the anterior nucleus of the thalamus and the neocortex, as well as from somatosensory areas of the cerebral cortex. It projects to the entorhinal cortex via the cingulum.

Function

It functions as an integral part of the limbic system, which is involved with emotion formation and processing, learning, and memory. Also, executive control needed to suppress inappropriate unconscious priming is known to involve the anterior cingulate gyrus.

External links

*
*

ee also

* Cingulate sulcus
* Cingulate cortex
* Brodmann area 24

References

* [http://jn.physiology.org/cgi/reprint/79/4/2231.pdf Pain Stimuli Recorded Over the Human Anterior Cingulate Gyrus] , Lenz, et al.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cingulate gyrus — cin·gu·late gyrus .siŋ gyə lət , .lāt n a medial gyrus of each cerebral hemisphere that partly surrounds the corpus callosum * * * gyrus cingulatus g. cinguli …   Medical dictionary

  • cingulate gyrus — noun A section of the cerebral cortex, belonging to the fornicate gyrus, which arches over the corpus callosum. Syn: callosal gyrus …   Wiktionary

  • cingulate gyrus — noun a long curved structure on the medial surface of the cerebral hemispheres; the cortical part of the limbic system • Syn: ↑gyrus cinguli • Hypernyms: ↑neural structure • Part Holonyms: ↑limbic system, ↑visceral brain, ↑limbi …   Useful english dictionary

  • isthmus of cingulate gyrus — i. gyri cinguli …   Medical dictionary

  • Cingulate cortex — Brain: Cingulate cortex Medial surface of left cerebral hemisphere …   Wikipedia

  • Cingulate sulcus — Brain: Cingulate sulcus Medial surface of left cerebral hemisphere. MRI showing the cingulate …   Wikipedia

  • gyrus frontalis medialis — [TA] medial frontal gyrus: the medial surface of the frontal lobe, separated from the cingulate gyrus by the cingulate sulcus, and continuous with the superior frontal gyrus above and the gyrus rectus below …   Medical dictionary

  • Gyrus — A gyrus (pl. gyri ) is a ridge on the cerebral cortex. It is generally surrounded by one or more sulci.Notable gyri* Fornicate gyrus * Superior frontal gyrus, lat . gyrus frontalis superior * Middle frontal gyrus, lat . gyrus frontalis medius *… …   Wikipedia

  • cingulate sulcus — sulcus cinguli [TA] a long, irregularly shaped sulcus on the medial surface of a hemisphere, which separates the cingulate gyrus below from the medial surface of the superior frontal gyrus and the paracentral lobule above. At its posterior end it …   Medical dictionary

  • cingulate area — the area comprising the cingulate gyrus and isthmus, an important component of the limbic system …   Medical dictionary


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