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Dogar

Translation
Dogar

Dogar' (Urdu: ڈوگر) is a Muslim, Punjabi tribe in the Punjab region of Pakistan. It is also used as a family name in Turkey and Northern Iraq among some Kurds and Turks.

Contents

Ethnography

The Dogars were generally agricultural people settled along the riversides in Punjab (see Ibbetson, Denzil; A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province Based on the Census Report for the Punjab, 1883; Nirmal Publishers and Distributors (1997)).

In the above referenced Ibbetson book, the author quotes Sir Henry Lawrence who said of the Dogars:

they are tall, handsome, and sinewy, and are remarkable for having, almost without exception, large acquiline(sic) noses; they are fanciful and violent, and tenacious of what they consider their rights, though susceptible to kindness, and not wanting in courage; they appear to have been always troublesome subjects, and too fond of their own free mode of life to willingly take service as soldiers.

84% of the total population of this tribe was residing in the areas which are now part of India e.g. Amritsar District, Gurdaspur District, Jalandhar District, Ludhiana District, Hoshiarpur District, Ambala District, Karnal District, Kapurthala State, Malerkotla State, Nabha State, Jind State, Kalsia State, Patiala State, Faridkot State, Ferozepur District.

16% of the population was residing in the areas which are now part of Pakistan e.g. Sialkot District, Gujranwala District, Sheikhupura District, Kasur District, Sahiwal District, Okara District, Pakpattan District, Faisalabad District. However, the larger part of this population was from Ferozpur, Patiala and Hoshiarpur Districts. Most of the Dogars of Gujranwala came from Ferozepur approximately 2 centuries ago while almost all 14 local villages (prior to 47) of the Dogar tribe in Sialkot District. Thehsil Pasrur, migrated from east Punjab: Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur. Mr. Rao Dogar, sub cast Mandar, the founder of village Kot Roy Dogran, Tehsil Pasrur District Sialkot, came from the village VALLAH VEHRKA near Amritsar city and similarly sardar fateh din dogar founder of a village called panjgrayien ( now in pakistan ) came from hoshiyarpur ( city of india )then two of his son sardar Siraj din dogar and sarda Ali Akbar dogar migrated to peerochak (a village in sialkot district )

Dogars who migrated in 1947 settled in the areas of Faisalabad, Kasur, Sahiwal, Sheikhupura and Burewala. While most of the Ferozepur Dogars settled in Sahiwal (Montgomery), the Dogars from Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur migrated to Faisalabad (Lyallpur), Burewala, Sialkot and Chichawatni.

As a social class, the Dogars are viewed as farmers, (zamindars)

There is no credible reference or evidence linking Dogar tribes to Bhatti tribe or Bhatti caste system. Bhattis, however, time and again try to link their ancestors to the Dogar tribe.

Origins

There are several theories regarding the origins of Dogars. Some have claimed a Muslim Rajput origin. Others have claimed a Kashmiri origin.

'The Dogars of the Punjab are found in the upper valley of the Sutlej and Beas River above the lower border of the Lahore district, and have also spread westwards along the foot of the hills into Sialkot. There are also considerable colonies of them in Hissar and Karnal. The Dogars of Ferozpur, where they hold the riverside almost exclusively from 20 miles above the headquarters of that district, were thus described by Mr Brandeth :-
" In my account of the Ferozepur ilaqaI have already alluded to the Dogars, who are supposed to be converted Chauhan* Rajputs from the neighbourhood of Delhi. They migrated first to the neighbourhood of Pak Pattan, whence they spread gradually along the banks of the Satluj and entered Ferozpur district 100 years ago.[1]

{{cquote|'The Ferozepur Dogars are all descended from a common ancestor named Bahlol, but they are called Mahu Dogars, from Mahu the grandfather of Bahlol. Bahlol had three sons **, Bambu Langar and Sammu. The Dogars of Ferozpur and Mullanwala are the descendants of Bambu; those of Khai the descendants of Langar Father Of Phema Thats why Khai name KhaiPhemake a Village in Ferozpur ; the descendants of Sammu live in Kasur-Pakistan.

Excerpt from Family names: People linked to Kurd/Turkish ancestry: Dogar. Most probably linked to Dogrul, Dogan and Doger clans mostly located in Kurdish majority regions: Syria, Iran, Iraq and Turkey. People with surname Dogar are also found in Lower Caucasus region: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. An area in Iran is known as Dogar, Ardabil; which falls in Kurdish majority region. Urdu Language has a vocabulary that has a close relationship with Kurdish language. It is generally believed by Historians that Dogar, meaning 'Army' in Turkish language actually came to India during the establishment of Mamluk power (1206–1290) i.e.Delhi Sultanate. During Abbassid Caliphate, many Turkish slaves were gifted to Zengids. Turkish slaves were educated and trained in Political and Military tactics . Later, As-Salih Ayyub of Ayyubid Dynasty (c. 1205–1249) recruited Kipchak Turks during the Fifth crusades who later became known as 'Mamluks'. By the fall of Ayyubid dynasty, Turkish slaves had gained influence as Atabegs i.e. Amirs or beys. These Mamluks further recruited Turkish, Syrians, Egyptians, Persians, Indians, Berbers and Arabs to strenghthen their hold over the Muslim heartlands, politically. The Mamluks were of Kipchak Turkish origin who yielded power through famous concept of chalisya i.e. "The forty". Qutb-ud-Din Aybak was the first Turkish slave to become the *Mamluk* ruler of Delhi Sultanate. Izz al-Din Aybak (d. 1257, Cairo) was the first of the Mamluk sultans of Egypt in the Turkic Bahri dynasty line. A Historian, Ghulam Mustafa Dogar, in his work on Dogar History, states that according to evidences, scores of Muslim armies penetrated into Indian heartland during 12-13th century, including Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu escape from 'Mongol invasion of Khwarezm', an area inhabited by Kipchak Turks. Dogars settled in Uch and Multan area, then governed by Nasir-ud-Din Qabacha(appointed in 1203) who belonged to Kipchak Turkish origin, during Sultan Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghauri's reign (1150–1206) (famously known as Muhammad of Ghor ). Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari(c. 1192–1291 AD) settled in Deogarh (Uch Sharif), who was revered by Qabacha(Kipchak) and Mamluk dynasty of Delhi dynasties. Part of his family moved back to Turkistan and there were inter-marriages with the Tatar Mongol ruling clan of Bukhara. It is said that Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari was married to Genghis Khan's daughter. A branch of the family moved subsequently to what is now Bursa in Turkey. Four friends known as "Chaar Yaar". Baba Farid Shakar Ganj of Pakpattan [1174-1266]; Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari of Uchch [c. 1192-1294]; Baha-ud-din Zakariya of Multan [1170-1267] and Lal Shahbaz Qalandar of Sehwan [1177-1274 ] , were great pioneers of the 13th century Sufi movement in South Asia.

Excerpt from Heer Waris Shah

In literature, Dogars were mentioned in the 18th century Punjabi epic Heer Ranjha by Waris Shah in the scene where Heer praises Ranjha to her father:

And Heer replied subtly; ‘My father, he is as learned as Solomon, and he can shave the very beard of Plato. He has cunning to trace out thefts and he speaks with wisdom in the assembly of the elders. He can decide thousands of disputes and he is as learned in wisdom as the Dogar Jats'. Mai Heer of the Sial tribe and of the "Heer-Ranjha" fame was daughter of Choochak Sial who was disciple of Hazrat Syed Ahmed Kabir, grandson of Hazrat Jalaluddin Bukhari.

Dogar in India: In addition to the Dogars of Punjab, India; a very small community of Muslim Dogars are also found in the Bulandshahr District of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Famous Dogars

  • Philipp Dogar
  • Ghulam Mehmood Dogar : Deputy Inspector General of Police DIGP Operations Lahore,Pakistan
  • Tariq Saleem Dogar – Former Inspector General of Punjab Police.
  • Air Commodore Mukhtar Ahmad Dogar - was the first PAF recipient of the Sitara-i-Jurat for the events of November 4, 1948.
  • Vice Admiral Mehmood Ali Dogar.
  • Sharon Dogar - Author of Waves.[2]
  • Rana (Dogar) Foroohar - Newsweek Senior Editor, Overseas Editions.[3]
  • Abdus Samad Dogar-Senator PML(Nawaz)-http://www.senate.gov.pk/ShowMemberDetail.asp?MemberCode=271&CatCode=0&CatName=
  • Sardar Qurban Ali Dogar Advocate.Member Punjab Bar Council,X chairman public Safety Commission & Police complaint cell, Four time District Kasur Bar President.
  • engineer umer azeem dogar advocate(burewala).
  • Abdul Hameed Dogar - Founder of Islamic Foundation.
  • sardar Nadeem dogar advocate X -Bar secretery (burewala).

References

  1. ^ A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North -West provinces, compiled by H A Rose, vol II Page 244
  2. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=K-33AQAACAAJ
  3. ^ http://www.newsweek.com/id/32176

Urdu:ڈوگر


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