Syzygy

Syzygy

In broadest terms, Syzygy (IPAEng|ˈsɪzɪʤi) is a kind of unity, especially through coordination or alignment, most commonly used in the astronomical and/or astrological sense. [http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=Syzygy&x=56&y=22 Syzygy - Definitions from Dictionary.com ] ] "Syzygy" is derived from the Late Latin _la. syzygia, "conjunction," from the Greek _el. σύζυγος (" _el. syzygos").

Syzygia, adjective of Syzygy, describes the alignment of three or more celestial bodies in the same gravitational system along a straight line.

Usage in academia

Astronomy

In astronomy, a syzygy is the alignment of three or more celestial bodies in the same gravitational system along a straight line. The word is usually used in context with the Sun, Earth, and the Moon or a planet, where the latter is in conjunction or opposition. Solar and lunar eclipses occur at times of syzygy, as do transits and occultations. The term is also applied to each instance of New Moon or Full Moon when Sun and Moon are in conjunction or opposition, even though they are not precisely on one line with the Earth.

The word 'syzygy' is often loosely used to describe interesting configurations of planets in general. For example, one such case occurred on March 21, 1894 at around 23:00 UTC, when Mercury transited the Sun as seen from Venus, and Mercury and Venus both simultaneously transited the Sun as seen from Saturn. It is also used to describe situations when all the planets are on the same side of the Sun although they are not necessarily found along a straight line, such as on March 10, 1982.

Gnosticism

In Gnosticism, a "syzygy" is a divine active-passive, male-female pair of aeons, complementary to one another rather than oppositional; in their totality they comprise the divine realm of the Pleroma, and in themselves characterise aspects of the unknowable Gnostic God. The term is most common in Valentinianism.

Mathematics

In mathematics, a syzygy is a relation between the generators of a module M. The set of all such relations is called the "first syzygy module of M." A relation between generators of the first syzygy module is called a "second syzygy" of M, and the set of all such relations is called the "second syzygy module of M." Continuing in this way, we get the n-th syzygy module of M by taking the set of all relations between generators of the (n-1)th syzygy module of M. If M is finitely generated over a polynomial ring over a field, this process terminates after a finite number of steps; i.e., eventually there will be no more syzygies (see Hilbert's syzygy theorem). The syzygy modules of M are not unique, for they depend on the choice of generators at each step.

Medicine

In medicine, the term is used to signify the fusion of some or all of the organs.

Music

Syzygy was the name of the electronic music duo that recorded for Rising High Records and Infonet Records in the 1990s. Dominic Glynn and Justin Mackay produced a hybrid of techno, ambient and electronica culminating in the cult album "Morphic Resonance".

Syzygy is the name of a composition written by Michael Brecker which can be found on his self-titled album.

Syzygy is also the name of a 1998 CD made by the band Lynch Mob. It is a project led by former Dokken bandmember and guitar virtuoso George Lynch.

Philosophy

In philosophy, the Russian theologian/philosopher Vladimir Solovyov (1853–1900) used the word "syzygy" to signify "unity-friendship-community," used as either an adjective or a noun, meaning:
*a pair of connected or correlative things, or
*a couple or pair of opposites.

Poetry

In poetry, "syzygy" is the combination of two metrical feet into a single unit, similar to an elision.

Consonantal or phonetic syzygy is also similar to the effect of alliteration, where one consonant is used repeatedly throughout a passage, but not necessarily at the beginning of each word.

Psychology

In psychology, Carl Jung used the term "syzygy" to denote an archetypal pairing of contrasexual opposites, which symbolized the communication of the conscious and unconscious minds: the conjunction of two organisms without the loss of identity.

College Sports

Carleton College 's competitive women's ultimate frisbee team was formed in 1982 and changed its name to Syzygy in 1983 [SYZYGY - [http://syzygyultimate.org] ] . They are highly competitive at the national level and in 2007 tied for 5th place in the nation in the Ultimate Player's Association championships at Columbus, OH. [UPA Score Reporter - [http://www.upa.org/scores/tourn.cgi?div=122&id=3660] ]

Zoology

In zoology, "syzygy" is
* the association of two protozoa end-to-end or laterally for the purpose of asexual exchange of genetic material,
* the pairing of chromosomes in meiosis

Usage in popular culture

Books

"Syzygy" in books:
* "Syzygy", a 1973 science fiction novel by Michael G. Coney
* "Syzygy", a 1982 science fiction novel by Frederik Pohl (Save for the concept of aligned planetary bodies, Pohl's novel is completely unrelated to Coney's.)
* "The Perfect Host", a 1948 science fiction novella by Theodore Sturgeon
* "It Wasn't Syzygy", a 1947 fantasy short story by Theodore Sturgeon
* "Syzygy", a 1977 science fiction short story by W. K. Brown (privately published)

Broadway

"Syzygy" is the word Rona Lisa Peretti spelled correctly when she won the Putnam Spelling Bee as a child in the musical The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee.

Candles

Circa 1971, "Syzygy" was used by a candle company in California. (See "Video games", below.)

Comic books

"Syzygy" in comic books:
*Syzygy Darklock is a key character in the Space Opera Dreadstar, premier title of Epic Comics.
*Syzygy is a webcomic by Alicorn.
*For a brief period in the Doctor Strange comics, Strange invoked the syzygy of all planets to tap into "catastrophe magic."

Computer software

"Syzygy" is a virtual reality grid operating system for PC clusters, tele-collaboration, and multimedia supercomputing. [http://www.isl.uiuc.edu/syzygy.htm Syzygy ] ] It was also a project management package available in the early 1990s.

(See also video games, under "games", below.)

Film

A major plot point in the film "Tomb Raider" concerns a planetary alignment taking place every 5,000 years, during which a magic item, The Triangle of Light, can be utilized. To preserve a fictional environment, the exact chronology of this alignment is not given except the date of the first phase, May 15.

The setting for the film "Pitch Black" is a fictional moon that undergoes a prolonged period of complete solar eclipse every 22 years when it is aligned with its parent planet.

"SYZYGY" is the title of a 1969 color film short subject produced by the National Council of Churches; approx. run time 15 minutes.

Games

"Syzygy" is the name of a word puzzle game made by Little Fish Industries. [ [http://www.playsyzygy.com/ playsyzygy.com] It is also the highest scoring word that can be played in Scrabble without using an a, e, i, o, or u.Fact|date=January 2008

Video games

"Syzygy Engineering" was the first choice of name Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney had used (in 1971) for their new video game company, which was incorporated as Atari, Inc in 1972. They claimed the name had already been registered by another Californian company (a candle company owned by a hippie commune [Nolan Bushnell] ). The term "Syzygy Engineered" appeared first associated with their Nutting Inc. released Computer Space [http://www.marvin3m.com/arcade/cspace.htm 1972 Nutting Associates Computer Space Syzygy Engineering coin operated video game ] ] and later on Atari's first product, the coin-operated "Pong" game.

The [http://www.syzygycult.com Syzygy Cult] is a freeware development company active during the mid 1990s that developed classic Apple Macintosh games.

"Syzygy" computer games:
* [http://www.tranzed.net/project_syzygy/index.htm Project Syzygy] is an alternate reality game, now referred to as Perplex City. (See also the [http://perplexcitywiki.com/wiki/Main_Page Perplex City Wiki] .)
* "Syzygy" was the name of a Star Wars-inspired graphical text adventure published by Microdeal for the Dragon 32/64 computers in 1984.

Use of "syzygy" within video game environments:
* "Syzygy" is the name of a bot in Unreal Tournament 2003, Unreal Tournament 2004, Unreal Championship and a playable character in Unreal Championship 2.
* A "syzygy" was a major plot point in the Gamecube game .
* "SyzYgY" is the name of a Minnesota-based pseudo-professional gamer best known for his performance on the team Powers Gaming, Cyberathlete Amateur League-Invite and Cyberathlete Professional League 2005 champions.

The parameter "syzygy" enables the cheats in the PC version of Avoid the Noid.

ocial Activism

"Syzygy" is the name of the annual meeting of all national branches of City Year, a US volunteer service organization operated under the AmeriCorps umbrella.

Television

"Syzygy" is the name of a 1996 episode of the science fiction mystery TV show "The X-Files". The alignment of Mercury, Mars and Uranus happens at the same time several murder cases occur in a small town. FBI agents Scully and Mulder investigate in a climate of fear and mob mentality.

A skit in a 1997 episode of "Saturday Night Live" featured "syzygy" as a spelling bee word which is asked to Mary Katherine Gallagher (Molly Shannon) by host Rudolph Giuliani. When she asks for the word's usage in a sentence, Giuliani replies, "Sure. Your spelling bee word is 'syzygy'."

On the 18 April 2007 episode of "The Colbert Report", Stephen Colbert used "syzygy" in its poetic sense – after synecdoche and metonymy – as part of a threat made against actor Sean Penn, in preparation for the next night's "Metaphor Off" between the two.

Wine

Syzygy is the name of a winery located in Walla Walla, Washington, United States.

Business Names

Syzygy is used as a Company name by a number of companies across the world. For example, in Australia [http://www.syzygycorp.com.au Syzygy Corporation] , which consists of Syzygy Consulting, Syzygy People and Syzygy Technology. Also in the UK and Germany, [http://www.syzygy.net Syzygy] is a website design agency.

Unusual Spelling

"Syzygy" is the shortest English word containing three "y"'s. It is also the second-longest common English word containing neither "a", "e", "i", "o", nor "u", being tied with "rhythm". (The longest common word with this characteristic is "rhythms", although it is beaten handily by the archaic word "twyndyllyngs".) See English words with uncommon properties.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Syzygy AG — Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft ISIN …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Syzygy — Syz y*gy (s[i^]z [i^]*j[y^]), n.; pl. {Syzygies} ( j[i^]z). [L. syzygia a joining together, conjunction, Gr. syzygi a; sy n with + zeygny nai to join, zygo n yoke: cf. F. syzygie. See {Yoke}, n.] 1. (Astron.) The point of an orbit, as of the moon …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • syzygy — conjunction or opposition of a heavenly body with the sun, 1650s, from L.L. syzygia, from Gk. syzygia yoke, pair, union of two, conjunction, from syzygein to yoke together, from syn together + zygon yoke (see JUGULAR (Cf. jugular)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • syzygy — [siz′ə jē] n. pl. syzygies [LL syzygia < Gr < syn , together + zygon, YOKE] 1. a pair of things, esp. a pair of opposites 2. Astron. Rare either of two opposing points in the orbit of a celestial body, specif. of the moon, at which it is in …   English World dictionary

  • Syzygy — Syzygium, auch Syszygie (Pl. Syszigien, lat. sycygia „etwas durch ein Joch Verbundendes“, „Zusammenfügung“, englisch syzygy) steht für: Syzygium (Astronomie), eine Winkelstellung von Sonne, Erde und Mond oder einem der Planeten Syzygie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • syzygy — syzygial /si zij ee euhl/, syzygetic /siz i jet ik/, syzygal /siz i geuhl/, adj. /siz i jee/, n., pl. syzygies. 1. Astron. an alignment of three celestial objects, as the sun, the earth, and either the moon or a planet: Syzygy in the sun earth… …   Universalium

  • syzygy — noun (plural gies) Etymology: Late Latin syzygia conjunction, from Greek, from syzygos yoked together, from syn + zygon yoke more at yoke Date: circa 1847 the nearly straight line configuration of three celestial bodies (as the sun, moon, and… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • syzygy — n.; pl. syzygies [Gr. syzygos, united] 1. The combining of organs without loss of identity. 2. (ECHINODERMATA: Crinoidea) Having each nodal columnal closely and rigidly jointed to the internodal columnal below it by short elastic fibers, and as… …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • syzygy — In some parasitic protozoa the pairing of gamonts prior to sexual fusion, in gregarines the end to end attachment of the sporonts, in some crinoids the fusion of organs or skeletal elements …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • syzygy — noun /ˈsɪz.ɪdʒ.i/ a) A kind of unity, namely an alignment of three celestial bodies (for example, the Sun, Earth, and Moon) such that one body is directly between the other two, such as occurs at an eclipse b) An …   Wiktionary


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