- Scram (computer game)
"Scram" is the name of two video games, both based around a
scram, or emergency shutdown of a nuclear reactor.
"Scram" is a game designed by Chris Crawford for the
Atari 800and released by the Atari Program Exchange. The player controlled the valves and switches of a nuclear reactor directly with the joystick. Occasionally, earthquakes would occur and the player must analyze the heat readings and dispatch repair crews to the affected area of the plant. Written in Atari BASIC, "Scram" utilized differential equations to simulate reactor behavior.
The game display showed a
schematic-like representation of a light water reactor, typical of nuclear reactors in use in the United Statesat that time. The reactor core was on the left of the screen, with the primary coolant loop to its immediate right. Further right was the secondary cooling loop, and finally the tertiary cooling loop and its associated cooling tower.
The user interacted with the game by moving the joystick, which made a cursor jump from one "hot spot" to another on the screen, each one controlling one part of the reactor systems. There were hot spots for the
control rods, cooling pumps and valves. The user could experiment with the reactor systems by moving the joystick up and down, operating the equipment. It was possible to simulate a meltdownby shutting off the primary cooling pumps and withdrawing the control rods all the way.
The game had several skill levels, which controlled the frequency of earthquakes and the "obviousness" of the damage. In the event of an earthquake the screen would shake and a breaking sound would be heard if there was damage. The user then had to watch the on-screen displays to try to isolate where the problem was.
"Scram" is also a similar game written for the
DEC Alpha, where the player would control a small astronautwith a jetpackas she attempted to trigger all the cooling valves in a nuclear reactor before the levels rose to a critical level.
[http://thenewgamer.com/content/archives/gamephemera_scram_atari_400_800 Gamephemera: SCRAM (Atari 400/800)]
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