Baltimore, Maryland

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Baltimore
settlement_type = City
nickname = "Charm City", [Popik, Barry. " [http://www.barrypopik.com/index.php/new_york_city/entry/summary9/ Charm City (summary)] ". The Big Apple. Nicknames of Other Places. March 25 2005. "URL retrieved on May 5 2007".] "Mob Town", [Connery, William. [http://www.baltimoremd.com/charm/moblink.html "Maryland’s Mob Town Supplied Links Through Rail and Fort"] . May 2002. "URL retrieved on January 27, 2007."] [Smith, Van. [http://www.citypaper.com/arts/story.asp?id=9176 "Mob Rules"] . Baltimore City Paper. October 6, 2004. "URL retrieved on January 27, 2007."] "Crabtown", "B-more", "The City of Firsts", [cite web |url=http://www.baltimorecity.gov/answers/index.php?action=artikel&cat=2&id=3&artlang=en |title=Baltimore; The City of Firsts |accessdate=2008-09-30 |publisher=City of Baltimore, Maryland ] [cite web |url=http://www.marylandhistoricaltrust.net/ha-balto.html |title=Baltimore City Heritage Area |accessdate=2007-09-30 |publisher=Maryland Historical Trust ] "Monument City", [cite web |url=http://www.citypaper.com/bob/story.asp?id=10574 |title=Best Monument |accessdate=2007-09-19 |date=2005-09-21 |work=2005 Baltimore Living Winners |publisher=Baltimore City Paper ] "B-Town", [cite web |url=http://www.citypaper.com/bob/story.asp?id=12609 |title=Best Hook |accessdate=2007-09-23 |date=2006-09-20 |work=2006 Baltimore Arts and Entertainment Winners |publisher=Baltimore City Paper ] "Ravenstown" [cite web |url=http://preview.baltimoreravens.com/Ravenstown/Ravenstown.aspx |title=Ravenstown |accessdate=2008-06-07 |publisher=Baltimore Ravens ]
motto = "The Greatest City in America", [O'Mara, Richard. [http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0105/p20s01-lihc.html "Backstory: Baltimore - 'Home of 1,000 Slogans'"] . The Christian Science Monitor. January 5, 2006. "URL retrieved on January 27, 2007."]
"Get in on it." [ [http://www.areyouinonit.com/ Get in on it.] Baltimore Area Convention and Visitors Association (BACVA). "URL retrieved on January 27, 2007."]
"Believe."(formerly "The City That Reads")"



imagesize =
image_caption = Downtown from the northeast



mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Baltimore in Maryland


image_



mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = Maryland
subdivision_name2 =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Sheila Dixon (D)
established_title = Founded
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date = 1729
established_date2 = 1796
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 92.1
area_total_km2 = 238.5
area_land_sq_mi = 80.8
area_land_km2 = 209.3
area_water_sq_mi = 11.3
area_water_km2 = 29.2
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2007
population_note = 2000 Urban figures
population_total = 637455(20th)
population_metro = 2668056
population_urban = 2178000
population_density_km2 = 3039
population_density_sq_mi = 8058.4
population_footnotes = cite web|url=http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-01.xls |title=Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2007 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 |accessdate=2008-07-10 |date=2008-07-10 |format=XLS |publisher=United States Census Bureau ]
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 410, 443
latd = 39 |latm = 17 |lats = 11 |latNS = N
longd = 76 |longm = 36 |longs = 54 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 10
elevation_ft = 33
postal_code_type = ZIP Code
postal_code = 21201-21231, 21233-21237, 21239-21241, 21244, 21250-21252, 21263-21265, 21268, 21270, 21273-21275, 21278-21290, 21297-21298
website = [http://www.baltimorecity.gov www.baltimorecity.gov]
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 24-04000
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0597040
footnotes =

Baltimore (pronEng|bɒltɨmɔr) is an independent city and the largest city in the state of Maryland in the United States. Baltimore is located in central Maryland at the head of the tidal portion of the Patapsco River, an arm of the Chesapeake Bay, and is approximately 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Washington D.C.. Founded in 1729, Baltimore is a major U.S. seaport and is situated closer to major Midwestern markets than any other major seaport on the East Coast. Baltimore's Inner Harbor has always remained a major asset, once the second leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States and a major manufacturing center. Today the harbor is home to Harborplace and the National Aquarium in Baltimore and is a successful example of Baltimore's ambitious efforts at renewal. Following the fall of many of its largest manufacturing industries, Baltimore has shifted primarily to a service sector-oriented economy, with the largest employer no longer Bethlehem Steel but Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Hospital. Despite some successful revitalization Baltimore is still posed with many big-city challenges such as concentrated poverty and crime, and inadequate public education.

As of 2007, the population of Baltimore City was 637,455. The Baltimore Metropolitan Area, which includes the city's surrounding suburbs, has approximately 2.6 million residents; the 20th largest in the country. Baltimore is also the largest city in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area of approximately 8.1 million residents. Because there is also a Baltimore County nearly surrounding (but not including) the city, it is sometimes referred to as Baltimore City when a clear distinction is desired.

The city is named after Lord Baltimore in the Irish House of Lords, the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony. Baltimore himself took his title from a place named Baltimore in Ireland, which is an Anglicized form of the Irish language "Baile an Tí Mhóir", [ [http://www.n-ireland.co.uk/genealogy/placenames/placenamesb2.htm Placenames.] Northern Ireland. Genealogy. "URL retrieved March 29 2007".] meaning "Town of the Big House" and referring to the O'Driscoll castle that still dominates the town. The Irish-language name for Baltimore is that of the O'Driscoll castle, "Dún na Séad" ("Fort of the Jewels").

History

The Maryland colonial General Assembly created the Port of Baltimore at Locust Point in 1706 for the tobacco trade. The Town of Baltimore was founded on July 30, 1729, and is named after Lord Baltimore (Cecilius Calvert), who was the first Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland. Cecilius Calvert was a son of George Calvert, who became the First Lord Baltimore of County Cork, Ireland in 1625. [cite book | last = Krugler | first = John D | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = English and Catholic: the Lords Baltimore in the Seventeenth Century | publisher = Johns Hopkins University Press | date = 2004 | location = Baltimore | pages = 74 | isbn = 0801879639 ] The name "Baltimore" comes from the town of Baltimore, County Cork, and is an Anglicization of Irish words ( _ga. "Baile an Tí Mhóir") meaning "Town of the Big House". Baltimore grew swiftly in the 18th century as a granary for sugar-producing colonies in the Caribbean. The profit from sugar encouraged the cultivation of cane and the importation of food. Baltimore's shorter distance from the Caribbean, compared to other large port cities such as New York City and Boston, reduced transportation time and minimized the spoilage of flour.fact|date=September 2008

Baltimore played a key part in events leading to and including the American Revolution. City leaders such as Jonathan Plowman Jr. moved the city to join the resistance to British taxes and merchants signed agreements to not trade with Britain.fact|date=August 2008 After the war, the Town of Baltimore, nearby Jonestown, and an area known as Fells Point were incorporated as the City of Baltimore in 1797. The city remained a part of Baltimore County until 1851 when it was made an independent city.fact|date=July 2008

The city was the site of the Battle of Baltimore during the War of 1812. After burning Washington, D.C., the British attacked Baltimore on the night of September 13, 1814. United States forces from Fort McHenry successfully defended the city's harbor from the British. Francis Scott Key, a Maryland lawyer, was held as a prisoner of war on a British ship near the fort, observed the bombardment. Key wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner", a poem recounting the attack. Key's poem was set to a 1780 tune by British composer John Stafford Smith, and the Star-Spangled Banner became the official National Anthem of the United States in 1931.

Following the Battle of Baltimore, the city's population grew rapidly. The construction of the Federally-funded National Road (presently U.S. Route 40) and the private Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) made Baltimore a major shipping and manufacturing center by linking the city with major markets in the Midwest. A distinctive local culture started to take shape, and unique skyline developed peppered with churches and monuments. On visit to the city in 1827, President John Quincy Adams purportedly nicknamed it "Monument City"—a moniker that remained popular for well over a century.fact|date=September 2008

Maryland did not secede during the American Civil War, but remained a part of the United States. However, when Union soldiers marched through the city at the start of the war, Confederate sympathizers attacks the troops, which led to the Baltimore riot of 1861. Four soldiers and 12 civilians were killed during the riot, which caused Union troops to occupy Baltimore. Maryland came under direct federal administration — in part, to prevent the state from seceding — until the end of the war in April 1865.

Following an economic depression known as the Panic of 1873, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad company attempted to reduce its workers wages, leading to the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. On July 20, Maryland Governor John Lee Carroll called up the 5th and 6th Regiments of the National Guard to end the strikes, which had disrupted train service at Cumberland in western Maryland. Citizens sympathetic to the railroad workers attacked the national guard troops as they marched from their armories in Baltimore to Camden Station. Soldiers from the 6th Regiment fired on the crowd, killing 10 and wounding 25. Rioters then damaged B&O trains and burned portions of the rail station. Order was restored in the city on July 21—22 when federal troops arrived to protect railroad property and end the strike. [cite book|last=Scharf|first=J. Thomas|title=History of Maryland From the Earliest Period to the Present Day|publisher=Tradition Press|location=Hatboro, PA|date=1967|edition=2nd|volume=3|pages=733-42] On February 7, 1904 the Great Baltimore Fire destroyed over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours and forced most of the city to rebuild. Two years later, on September 10, 1906, the "Baltimore American" newspaper reported that the city had risen from the ashes and "one of the great disasters of modern time had been converted into a blessing."fact|date=September 2008 The city grew in area by annexing new suburbs from the surrounding counties, the last being in 1918. A state constitutional amendment approved in 1948, requires a special vote of the citizens in any proposed annexation area, which effectively prevents the any future expansion of the city's boundaries. [cite news|title=Baltimore seals its borders|last=Duffy|first=James|date=December 2007|work=Baltimore Magazine|pages=124-27]

The Baltimore riot of 1968 occurred following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968. Coinciding with riots in other cities, public order was not restored until April 12, 1968. The Baltimore riot cost the city of Baltimore an estimated $10 million (about $63 million in 2008). Maryland National Guard troops and 1,900 federal troops were ordered into the city. Lasting effects of the riot can be seen on the streets of North Avenue, Howard Street, and Pennsylvania Avenue where long stretches of the streets are remain barren. [cite web|url=http://www.ubalt.edu/template.cfm?page=1639|title=Baltimore Riots of 1968: A Timeline|publisher=University of Baltimore|accessdate=2008-09-11]

During the 1970s, Baltimore's downtown area known as the Inner Harbor, had been neglected and was only occupied by a collection of abandoned warehouses. Efforts to redevelop the downtown area started with the construction of the Baltimore Convention Center, which opened 1979. Harborplace, an urban retail and restaurant complex opened on the waterfront in 1980, followed by the National Aquarium in Baltimore, Maryland's largest tourist destination, and the Baltimore Museum of Industry in 1981. In 1992, the Baltimore Orioles baseball team moved from Memorial Stadium to Oriole Park at Camden Yards, located downtown near the harbor. Six years later the Baltimore Ravens football team moved into M&T Bank Stadium next to Camden Yards.fact|date=August 2008 On January 17, 2007, Sheila Dixon became the first female Mayor of Baltimore. [cite news|title=Dixon Takes Oath|last=Fritze|first=John|date=2007-01-19|work=The Baltimore Sun|accessdate=2008-09-11]

Geography

Baltimore is in north-central Maryland on the Patapsco River close to where it empties into the Chesapeake Bay. The city is also located on the fall line between the Piedmont Plateau and the Atlantic Coastal Plain, which divides Baltimore into "lower city" and "upper city". The city's elevation ranges from sea level at the harbor to convert|480|ft|m in the northwest corner near Pimlico. [cite web |url=http://www.mgs.md.gov/esic/fs/fs1.html |title=Highest and Lowest Elevations in Maryland's Counties |accessdate=2007-11-14 |work=Maryland Geological Survey]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 92.1 square miles (238.5 km²), of which, 80.8 square miles (209.3 km²) of it is land and 11.3 square miles (29.2 km²) of it is water. The total area is 12.24 percent water.

Climate

Baltimore lies within the humid subtropical climate zone ("Cfa"), according to the Köppen classification.

July is typically the hottest month of the year, with an average high temperature of 91 °F (32 °C) and an average low of 73 °F (22 °C).cite web
url = http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/21211?from=36hr_bottomnav_business
title = Average Monthly High and Low Temperatures for Baltimore, MD (21211)
accessdate = 2007-10-21
publisher = The Weather Channel
] Summer is also a season of very high humidity in the Baltimore area, with afternoon thunderstorms occurring regularly. The record high for Baltimore is 108 °F (42 °C), set in 1985. January is the coldest month, with an average high of 44 °F (6 °C) and an average low of 29 °F (-1 °C). However, winter warm fronts can bring periods of springlike weather, and Arctic fronts can drop nighttime low temperatures into the teens. The record low temperature for Baltimore is -7 °F (-22 °C), set in 1934. Baltimore rarely experiences temperatures below convert|10|°F|°C|abbr=on or above convert|100|°F|°C|abbr=on. Due to an urban heat island effect in the city proper and a moderating effect of the Chesapeake Bay, the outlying, inland, and higher elevation parts of the Baltimore metro area are usually several degrees cooler than the city proper and the coastal towns.

As is typical in most East Coast cities, precipitation is generous, and very evenly spread throughout the year. Every month usually brings 3-4 inches of precipitation, averaging around convert|43|in|mm annually. Spring, summer, and fall bring frequent showers and thunderstorms, with an average of 105 sunny days a year. Winter often brings lighter rain showers of longer duration, and generally less sunshine and more clouds. Snowfall can occur occasionally in the winter, with the average annual snowfall around 21 inches (53 cm). Baltimore averages only 2–3 snow events per year [cite web
url = http://www.baltimore-maryland.org/baltimore-101.html#climate
title = Climate of Baltimore
accessdate = 2007-10-23
publisher = Discover Baltimore
] In the northern and western suburbs, the climate begins to transition to continental, and thus winter snowfall amounts are usually higher, with some towns annually receiving 24–36 inches (61–91 cm). [NOAA, cite web | title="Maryland Average Annual Snowfall Map" | url=http://www.erh.noaa.gov/er/lwx/Historic_Events/md-snow-avg.gif] Freezing rain and sleet occurs a few times each winter in Baltimore, as warm air over rides cold air at the upper levels of the atmosphere. The cold air gets trapped against the mountains to the west and the result is freezing rain and or sleet.

The city lies in between two peculiar physical features that protect it from extreme weather and account for the relatively tempered seasons. The Appalachian Mountains protect central Maryland from much of the harsh northern winds and accompanying lake effect weather that bring subfreezing temperatures and heavy snows to the Great Lakes region, and the Delmarva Peninsula protects Baltimore from many of the tropical storms that affect the immediate coast.

The average date of first freeze in Baltimore is November 13, and the average last freeze is April 2. [cite web
url = http://www.weather.com/maps/activity/garden/usnationalnormalfirstfreeze_large.html?clip=undefined&region=undefined&collection=localwxforecast&presname=undefined
title = US National Normal First Freeze
accessdate = 2007-09-11
publisher = The Weather Channel
]


Infobox Weather
metric_first=
single_line=Yes
location=Baltimore
Jan_Hi_°F = 44 |Jan_REC_Hi_°F = 79
Feb_Hi_°F = 47 |Feb_REC_Hi_°F = 84
Mar_Hi_°F = 57 |Mar_REC_Hi_°F = 97
Apr_Hi_°F = 68 |Apr_REC_Hi_°F = 98
May_Hi_°F = 77 |May_REC_Hi_°F = 100
Jun_Hi_°F = 86 |Jun_REC_Hi_°F = 105
Jul_Hi_°F = 91 |Jul_REC_Hi_°F = 107
Aug_Hi_°F = 88 |Aug_REC_Hi_°F = 105
Sep_Hi_°F = 81 |Sep_REC_Hi_°F = 102
Oct_Hi_°F = 70 |Oct_REC_Hi_°F = 97
Nov_Hi_°F = 59 |Nov_REC_Hi_°F = 87
Dec_Hi_°F = 49 |Dec_REC_Hi_°F = 85
Year_Hi_°F = 68 |Year_REC_Hi_°F = 107
Jan_Lo_°F = 29 |Jan_REC_Lo_°F = -4
Feb_Lo_°F = 31 |Feb_REC_Lo_°F = -7
Mar_Lo_°F = 39 |Mar_REC_Lo_°F = 11
Apr_Lo_°F = 48 |Apr_REC_Lo_°F = 15
May_Lo_°F = 58 |May_REC_Lo_°F = 32
Jun_Lo_°F = 68 |Jun_REC_Lo_°F = 46
Jul_Lo_°F = 73 |Jul_REC_Lo_°F = 54
Aug_Lo_°F = 71 |Aug_REC_Lo_°F = 52
Sep_Lo_°F = 64 |Sep_REC_Lo_°F = 40
Oct_Lo_°F = 52 |Oct_REC_Lo_°F = 30
Nov_Lo_°F = 42 |Nov_REC_Lo_°F = 12
Dec_Lo_°F = 33 |Dec_REC_Lo_°F = -2
Year_Lo_°F = 51 |Year_REC_Lo_°F = -7
Jan_Precip_inch = 3.5
Feb_Precip_inch = 3.1
Mar_Precip_inch = 4.1
Apr_Precip_inch = 3.1
May_Precip_inch = 4.2
Jun_Precip_inch = 3.3
Jul_Precip_inch = 4.0
Aug_Precip_inch = 4.1
Sep_Precip_inch = 4.1
Oct_Precip_inch = 3.2
Nov_Precip_inch = 3.5
Dec_Precip_inch = 3.7
Year_Precip_inch = 43.9
source = The Weather Channel [cite web|url=http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/USMD0018 |title=Monthly Averages for Baltimore, MD |accessdate=2008-09-11 |date=2008 |publisher=The Weather Channel ]
accessdate=September 2008

Cityscape

Architecture

Baltimore exhibits examples from each period of architecture over more than two centuries, and work from many famous architects such as Benjamin Latrobe, John Russell Pope, Mies Van Der Rohe and I.M. Pei.

The city has architecturally important buildings in a variety of styles. The Baltimore Basilica (1806-1821) is a neoclassical design by Benjamin Latrobe, and also the oldest Catholic Cathedral in the United States. In 1813 Robert Cary Long, Sr. built for Rembrandt Peale the first substantial structure in the United States designed expressly as a museum. Restored, it is now the Municipal Museum of Baltimore, or popularly the “Peale Museum”. The McKim Free School founded and endowed by John McKim, although the building was erected by his son Isaac in 1822 after a design by William Howard and William Small. It reflects the popular interest in Greece when the nation was securing its independence, as well as a scholarly interest in recently published drawings of Athenian antiquities. The Phoenix Shot Tower (1828), at 215 feet (65.5 m) tall, was the tallest building in the United States until the time of the Civil war. It was constructed without the use of exterior scaffolding. The Sun Iron Building designed by R.C. Hatfield in 1851, was city’s first iron-front building and it was a model for a whole generation of downtown buildings. The Johns Hopkins Hospital, designed by Lt. Col. John S. Billings in 1876 was a considerable achievement for its day in functional arrangement and fire proofing.

I.M.Pei's World Trade Center (1977) is the tallest equilateral pentagonal building in the world at 405 feet (123.4 m) tall.

Future contributions to Baltimore's skyline include plans for a 717 foot (218.5 m) tall structure known as "10 Inner Harbor". The building was recently approved by Baltimore's design panel and will be completed around the year 2010. It will include luxury condominiums, a hotel, restaurants, and shopping centers. The Naing Corporation has approved a tower of 50-60 floors for the lot at 300 Pratt street, with the design currently being finalized. The Inner Harbor East area will see the addition of two new towers which have started construction: a 24-floor tower that will be the new world headquarters of Legg Mason, and a 44-floor Four Seasons Hotel complex.

The streets of Baltimore are organized in a grid pattern. The streets are lined with tens of thousands of brick and Formstone faced rowhouses. Many consider the rowhouse the architectural form most closely associated to the city. Some rowhouses are dated as far back as the 1790s.

Oriole Park at Camden Yards is considered by many to be the most beautiful baseball park in Major League Baseball, and has inspired many other cities to build their own versions of this Retro-Style Ballpark.

Camden Yards along with the National Aquarium have helped revive the Inner Harbor from what once was an industrial district full of dilapidated warehouses, into a bustling commercial district full of bars, restaurants and retail establishments.

Tallest buildings

Neighborhoods

Baltimore is officially divided into nine geographical regions: Northern, Northwestern, Northeastern, Western, Central, Eastern, Southern, Southwestern, and Southeastern, with each patrolled by a respective Baltimore Police Department district. However, it is not uncommon for locals to divide the city simply by East or West Baltimore, using Charles Street or I-83 as a dividing line, and/or into North and South using Baltimore Street as a dividing line.

The Central region of the city includes the Downtown area which is the location of Baltimore's main commercial area. Home to Harborplace, The Camden Yards Sports Complex (Oriole Park at Camden Yards and M&T Bank Stadium), the Convention Center, and the National Aquarium in Baltimore, the area also includes many nightclubs, bars and restaurants, shopping centers and various other attractions. It is also serves as the home to many of Baltimore's key business such as Legg Mason and Constellation Energy. In addition, the University of Maryland, Baltimore campus is housed in this area, with the long-associated University of Maryland Medical System adjacent to the school. The downtown core has mainly served as a commercial district with limited residential opportunities. However since 2002 the population in the downtown has doubled to 10,000 residents with a projection of 7,400 additional housing units coming available by 2012. [Mirabella, Lorraine. " [http://www.ubalt.edu/jfi/jfi/Media/Balto_Sun/sun013007.htm Downtown jobs, housing boom] ", "The Baltimore Sun", January 30, 2007] The Central region also includes the areas north of the downtown core stretching up to the edge of Druid Hill Park. Included in the more northern part of the Central region are the neighborhoods of Mount Vernon, Charles North, Reservoir Hill, Bolton Hill, Druid Heights, as well as several other neighborhoods. These neighborhoods include many residential options and are home to many of the city's cultural opportunities. Maryland Institute College of Art, the Peabody Institute of music, the Lyric Opera House, The Walters Art Museum, The Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall, as well as several galleries are all located in this region.

The Northern region of the city lies directly north of the Central region and is bounded on the East by The Alameda and on the West by Pimlico Road is a suburban residential area home to many of the city's upper class residents in neighborhoods such as the Roland Park-Homewood-Guilford-Cedarcroft area. The Northern region is home to many of Baltimore's notable universities such as Loyola College, The Johns Hopkins University and College of Notre Dame of Maryland.

The Southern Region of the city, a mixed industrial and residential area, consists of the area of the city below the Inner Harbor east of the B&O railroad tracks. It is a mixed socio-economic region consisting of working class ethnically mixed neighborhoods such as Locust Point; the recently gentrified Federal Hill and Canton areas, home to many working professionals, pubs and restaurants; and low-income residential areas such as Cherry Hill.

The Eastern part of the city consists of the Northeastern, Eastern, and Southeastern regions of the city. Northeastern Baltimore is primarily a residential neighborhood home to Morgan State University bounded by the city line on its Northern and Eastern boundaries, Sinclair Lane, Erdman Avenue, and Pulaski Highway on its southern boundaries and The Alameda on its western boundaries. It has undergone demographic shifts over many years and remains a diverse but predominantly African American region of the city. [cite web|title=Profile of General Demographic Charaterics: Hillen|publisher=Baltimore City Planning Department|url= http://censusprofile.bnia.org/Hillen%20Demographic%20Profile.pdf|accessdate=2007-10-27] [cite web|title=Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: New Northwood|publisher=Baltimore City Planning Department|url=http://censusprofile.bnia.org/New%20Northwood%20Demographic%20Profile.pdf|accessdate=2007-10-27] [cite web|title=Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: Stonewood-Pentwood-Winston|publisher=Baltimore City Planning Department|url= http://censusprofile.bnia.org/Stonewood-Pentwood-Winston%20Demographic%20Profile.pdf|accessdate=2007-10-27] The Eastern region is the heart of what is considered "East Baltimore" and is home to Johns Hopkins Hospital. Located below Erdman Avenue and Sinclair Lane above Orleans Street, it is almost an exclusively African American area home to low-income residential neighborhoods, several of which constitute many of Baltimore's high crime areas.

The Southeastern region of the city is located below Orleans Street bordering the Inner Harbor on its western boundary,the city line on its eastern boundaries and the Baltimore harbor on its southern boundaries is a mixed industrial and residential area. Home to many young professionals and working class people, it is an ethnically rich section of Baltimore home to many Polish Americans, Greek Americans, African Americans, and Italian Americans. Upper Fells Point is the center of the city's steadily growing Latino population.

The Western part of the city consists of the Northwestern, Western, and Southwestern regions of Baltimore. The Northwestern region of the city bounded by the county line on its northern and western boundaries, Gwynns Falls Parkway on the south and Pimlico Road on the East is a predominantly residential area home to Pimlico Race Course, Sinai Hospital and several of Baltimore's Synagogues. Once the center of Baltimore's Jewish community, it has undergone white flight since the 1960s and has become an almost exclusively African American area. It is home to many suburban residential areas primarily located above Northern Parkway and several lower-income areas below Northern parkway.

The Western region of the city located west of downtown is the heart of "West Baltimore" bounded by Gwynns Falls Parkway, Fremont Avenue, and Baltimore Street. Home to Coppin State University and Pennsylvania Avenue, it has been the center of Baltimore's African American culture for years home to many of the city's historical African American neighborhoods and landmarks. Once home to many middle to upper class African Americans, over the years, the more affluent African American residents have since left migrating to other sections of the city in addition to areas such as Randallstown and Owings Mills in Baltimore County and Columbia in Howard County. The area now constitutes a deprived socio-economic group of African American residents and like "East Baltimore", it is known for its high crime rates. Television series, such as "The Wire", that concern themselves with Baltimore's crime problems have been based on events that took place in West Baltimore.

The Southwestern region of the city is bounded by Baltimore County to the west, Baltimore Street to the north, and downtown and the B&O railroad to the east. A mixed industrial and residential area, it has gradually shifted from having a predominantly White to a predominantly African American majority.

Adjacent communities

The City of Baltimore is bordered by the following communities, all unincorporated census-designated places. All are in adjacent Baltimore County, except Brooklyn Park and Glen Burnie, which are in adjacent Anne Arundel County. In addition, the southern part of the city is bordered by another unincorporated part of northeastern Anne Arundel County.


Culture

Historically a working-class port town, Baltimore has sometimes been dubbed a "city of neighborhoods," with over 300 identified districts [cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Baltimore Neighborhoods
work =
publisher = City of Baltimore, Maryland
date =
url = http://www.baltimorecity.gov/neighborhoods/
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2007-06-14
] traditionally occupied by distinct ethnic groups. Most notable today are three downtown areas along the port: the Inner Harbor, frequented by tourists due to its hotels, shops, and museums; Fells Point, once a favorite entertainment spot for sailors but now refurbished and gentrified (and featured in the movie "Sleepless in Seattle"); and Little Italy, located between the other two, where Baltimore's Italian-American community was based–and where current U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi grew up. Further inland, Mt. Vernon is the traditional center of cultural and artistic life of the city; it is home to a distinctive Washington Monument, set atop a hill in a 19th century urban square, that predates the more well-known monument in Washington, D.C. by several decades.

The traditional local accent has long been noted and celebrated as "Baltimorese" or "Bawlmorese." One thing outsiders quickly notice is that the locals refer to their city as "Bawlmer" or "Ballmer," dropping with the "t" for the most part. The dialect is similar to that of many Marylanders, Virginians and Pennsylvanians; it may reflect the region's roots in Cornwall and the English West Country, as many of the original settlers of the Chesapeake Bay area came from this area in colonial times (Traditionally, many Marylanders call their state "Merlin"--and likewise, many Pennsylvanians call their state "Pennsavania," dropping the "l"). However, Baltimore's local accent also reflects the rich mix of ethnic groups from Ireland, Germany, and southern and eastern Europe who immigrated to the city during the industrial era. More recently, local pronunciations of "Baldamore" or "Ballmore" have become common.

As Baltimore's demographics have changed since World War Two, its cultural flavor and accents have evolved as well. Today, after decades of out-migration to suburbs beyond its corporate limits and significant in-migration of black Americans from Georgia and the Carolinas, Baltimore has become a majority black city with a significantly changed, but still regionally distinctive, dialect and culture. Recently, neighborhoods such as Federal Hill and Canton have undergone extensive gentrification and have proven to be popular places for young professionals and college students to reside. In addition, Latinos are making their mark, notably in Upper Fells Point.

Much of Baltimore's black American culture has roots that long predate the 20th century "Great Migration" from the Deep South. Like Atlanta, Georgia and Washington, D.C., Baltimore has been home to a successful black middle class and professional community for centuries. Before the Civil War, Baltimore had one of the largest concentrations of free black Americans among American cities. In the twentieth century, Baltimore-born Thurgood Marshall became the first black American justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Baltimore's culture has been famously celebrated in the films of Barry Levinson, who grew up in the city's Jewish neighborhoods. His movies "Diner", "Tin Men", "Avalon", and "Liberty Heights" are inspired to varying degrees by his life in the city.

Baltimore native John Waters parodies the city extensively in his films, including the 1972 cult classic "Pink Flamingos". His film "Hairspray" and its Broadway musical remake are also set in Baltimore.

See "List of films shot in Baltimore, Maryland"

Performing arts

The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra is an internationally-renowned orchestra, founded in 1916 as a publicly-funded municipal organization. The current Music Director is Marin Alsop, a protégé of Leonard Bernstein. Center Stage is the premier theater company in the city and a regionally well-respected group. The Baltimore Opera is an important regional opera company, and The Baltimore Consort has been a leading early music ensemble for over twenty-five years. The France-Merrick Performing Arts Center, home of the restored Thomas W. Lamb-designed Hippodrome Theatre, has afforded Baltimore the opportunity to become a major regional player in the area of touring Broadway and other performing arts presentations.

Baltimore also boasts a wide array of professional (non-touring) and community theater groups. Aside from Center Stage, resident troupes in the city include Everyman Theatre and Baltimore Theatre Festival. Community theaters in the city include Fells Point Community Theatre and the Arena Players, which is the nation's oldest continuously operating African American community theater. [ [http://www.baltimore.org/africanamerican/visual_performingarts.htm Baltimore's African American Heritage and Attractions Guide :: Visual and Performing Arts ] ]

Notable Persons

:"See List of people from Baltimore"

Economy

Once an industrial town, with an economic base focused on steel processing, shipping, auto manufacturing, and transportation, Baltimore now has a modern service economy. Although deindustrialization took its toll on the city, costing residents tens of thousands of low-skill, high-wage jobs, the city is a growing financial, business, and health service base for the southern Mid-Atlantic region.

Greater Baltimore is home to six Fortune 1000 companies, Constellation Energy, Grace Chemicals (in Columbia), Black & Decker (in Towson), Legg Mason, T. Rowe Price, and McCormick & Company (in Hunt Valley). Other companies that call Baltimore home include, Brown Advisory, Alex Brown, a subsidiary of Deutsche Bank (of Baltimore origin, and at the time of its acquisition, the oldest continuously-running investment bank in the United States), FTI Consulting, Vertis, Thomson Prometric, Performax, Sylvan Learning/Laureate Education, Under Armour, DAP, 180°, Old Mutual Financial Network, and Advertising.com.

The city is also home to the Johns Hopkins Hospital, which will serve as the center of a new biotechnology park. The park, one of two such projects currently under construction in the city, will provide room for medical/technology start-ups as well as industry giants to tap into the wealth of knowledge in Baltimore. Baltimore is widely regarded as one of the world's most important repositories of medical knowledge.Fact|date=December 2007

Demographics

USCensusPop
1790= 13503
1800= 26514
1810= 46555
1820= 62738
1830= 80620
1840= 102313
1850= 169054
1860= 212418
1870= 267354
1880= 332313
1890= 434439
1900= 508957
1910= 558485
1920= 733826
1930= 804874
1940= 859100
1950= 949708
1960= 939024
1970= 905759
1980= 786775
1990= 736014
2000= 636251
estyear= 2007
estimate= 637455
After New York City, Baltimore was the second city in the United States to reach a population of 100,000, (followed by New Orleans, Philadelphia, Boston). [United States census data for [http://www.census.gov/population/documentation/twps0027/tab06.txt 1830] , [http://www.census.gov/population/documentation/twps0027/tab07.txt 1840] , and [http://www.census.gov/population/documentation/twps0027/tab08.txt 1850] ] In the 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses of the United States of America, Baltimore was the second-largest city in population, surpassed by Philadelphia in 1860. It was among the top 10 cities in population in the United States in every census up to the 1980 census, and after World War II had a population of nearly a million. The city and metropolitan area currently rank in the top 20 in terms of population. In the 1990s, the US Census reported that Baltimore ranked as one of the largest population losers alongside Detroit and Washington D.C., losing over 84,000 residents between 1990 and 2000. [ [http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0763098.html "Top 50 Cities in the U.S. by Population and Rank (2005 Census)"] . [http://infoplease.com infoplease.com] . 2005. Retrieved August 1 2006]

As of 2006, the population was 637,455. The Baltimore–Towson metropolitan area, as of 2004, was estimated to have a population of 2.6 million. [ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metropop/table01.xls Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2004 (CBSA-EST2004-01)] ] The population density was 8,058.4 people per square mile (3,111.5/km²). There were 300,477 housing units at an average density of 3,718.6/sq mi (1,435.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.85% African American, 31.28% White, 0.32% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. This census, however, does not accurately represent the city's Latino population, which, over the past few years, has been steadily increasing. This growth is mainly seen in the southeastern neighborhoods around Upper Fells Point, Patterson Park, and Highlandtown, and in the city's Northwestern neighborhoods such as Fallstaff, as well as various neighborhoods of Northeastern Baltimore. [cite web|url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/24/24510.html|title=Baltimore city QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau|accessdate=2007-04-30] 6.2% of the population were of German ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 257,996 households, out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.7% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 34.9% of all households are made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42, and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city, the population age spreads were 24.8% for persons under the age of 18, 10.9% for ages 18 to 24, 29.9% for ages 25 to 44, 21.2% for ages 45 to 64, and 13.2% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,078, and the median income for a family was $35,438. Males had a median income of $31,767 versus $26,832 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,978. About 18.8% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.6% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.

Crime

According to crime statistics there were 276 homicides in Baltimore in 2006, the second-highest homicide rate per 100,000 of all U.S. cities of 250,000 or more population. [cite web|url=http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/cius2006/data/table_08.html|title=Offenses Known to Law Enforcement by State by City, 2006|date=September 2007|work=Uniform Crime Report, 2006|accessdate=2008-09-12] Though this is significantly lower than the record-high 353 homicides in 1993, the homicide rate in Baltimore is nearly seven times the national rate, six times the rate of New York City, and three times the rate of Los Angeles. In addition, other categories of crime in Baltimore have also been declining, although overall crime rates are still high compared to the national average. The rate of forcible rapes has fallen below the national average in recent years; however, Baltimore still has much higher-than-average rates of aggravated assault, burglary, robbery, and theft. [cite web | title="Baltimore Maryland Crime Statistics and Data Resources" | url=http://baltimore.areaconnect.com/crime1.htm]

City officials have, however, come under scrutiny from Maryland legislators regarding the veracity of crime statistics reported by the Baltimore City Police Department. [cite web | title="State Lawmaker Calls For Investigation Into Police" | url=http://www.thewbalchannel.com/news/7057074/detail.html, WBAL-TV (February 14, 2006) ] In 2003, the FBI identified irregularities in the number of rapes reported, which was confirmed by then-Mayor Martin O'Malley. The number of homicides in 2005 appeared to exhibit discrepancies as well. [cite web | title="Homicide Rate, Police Procedures Questioned" | url=http://www.thewbalchannel.com/news/7056945/detail.html, WBAL-TV (February 14, 2006) ] The former police commissioner stated upon interview that the administration suppressed corrections to its crime reports; [cite web | title="Ex-Commish Raised Questions During Tenure" | url=http://www.thewbalchannel.com/news/7341879/detail.html, WBAL-TV (February 22, 2006) ] however, many of the charges made by the police commission now appear to be politically motivated. [John Wagner and Tim Craig, cite web | title="Duncan Rebukes O'Malley Over Crime" | url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/13/AR2006021301857.html, Washington Post (February 14, 2006) ] Under the administration of Mayor Sheila Dixon and a new police commissioner, crime rates have been reduced, including a 40% fall in the number of murders as of April 2008. [cite web| title=Baltimore's Murder Rate| url=http://www.wbaltv.com/station/15574702/detail.html|publisher=WBAL-TV|accessdate=2008-04-02]

Government

Baltimore is an independent city — not part of any county. For most governmental purposes under Maryland law, Baltimore City is treated as a "county"-level entity. The United States Census Bureau uses counties as the basic unit for presentation of statistical information in the United States, and treats Baltimore as a county equivalent for those purposes.

Baltimore has been a Democratic stronghold for over 150 years, with Democrats dominating every level of government.

Mayor

:"For a full list of mayors who served the city, see List of Baltimore Mayors."

On November 6, 2007, incumbent Democratic Mayor Sheila Dixon was elected Mayor. Dixon, as former City Council President, had assumed the office of Mayor on January 17, 2007 when former Mayor Martin O'Malley took office as the Governor of Maryland.

Baltimore City Council

Grassroots pressure for reform, voiced as Question P, restructured the city council in November 2002, against the will of the mayor, the council president, and the majority of the council. A coalition of union and community groups, organized by ACORN, backed the effort.

The Baltimore City Council is now made up of 14 single member districts and one elected at-large council president. Stephanie Rawlings Blake is the council's president and Robert W. Curran is the Vice President.

tate Government

:"See also: Baltimore City Delegation"

Prior to 1969, some considered Baltimore and its suburbs to be particularly underrepresented in the Maryland General Assembly, while rural areas were heavily overrepresented. Since "Baker v. Carr" in 1962, Baltimore and its suburbs account for a substantial majority of seats in the state legislature; this has caused some to argue that rural areas are now underrepresented. Baltimore's steady loss of population, however, has resulted in a loss of seats in the Maryland General Assembly. Since 1980, Baltimore has lost four senators from the 47-member Maryland State Senate and twelve delegates from the 141-member Maryland House of Delegates.

Federal Government

Three of the state's eight congressional districts include portions of Baltimore: the 2nd, represented by Dutch Ruppersberger; the 3rd, represented by John Sarbanes; and the 7th, represented by Elijah Cummings. All three are Democrats; a Republican has not represented a significant portion of Baltimore since 1931 and has not represented any of Baltimore since 2003.

Both of Maryland's Senators, Ben Cardin and Barbara Mikulski, are from Baltimore. Coincidentally, both represented the 3rd District before being elected to the Senate. Mikulski represented the 3rd from 1977 to 1987, and was succeeded by Cardin, who held the seat until his election and inauguration to the Senate in 2007.

Law Enforcement

*The Baltimore City Police Department is the primary law enforcement agency servicing the citizens of Baltimore: see main article here.

*The Baltimore City Sheriff's Office (BSO) is the enforcement arm of the Baltimore court system. Deputy Sheriffs are sworn law enforcement officials with full arrest authority as granted by the constitution of Maryland, the MPCTC and the Sheriff of the City of Baltimore. [http://www.baltimorecity.gov/government/sheriff/]
**Organization-The current Sheriff is John W. Anderson. The BCSO is divided into several sections as follows:
***Field Enforcement Section
***District Court Section
***Child Support (Civil) Section
***Child Support (Warrant) Section
***Transportation Unit
***Warrant Unit
***Special Response Team
***K-9 Team
***Witness Protection Team

**Duties-The Sheriff is responsible for the following: security of city courthouses and property, service of court-ordered writs, protective and peace orders, warrants, tax levies, as well as prisoner transportation and traffic enforcement.

*The Maryland Transportation Authority Police is responsible for policing the tunnels and bridges under MTA jurisdiction and have concurrent jurisdiction with the Baltimore city police under a memorandum of understanding with the city police.

Transportation

The interstate highways serving Baltimore are I-70, I-83 (the Jones Falls Expressway), I-95 (the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway), I-395, I-695 (the Baltimore Beltway), I-795 (the Northwest Expressway), I-895 (the Harbor Tunnel Thruway), and I-97. Several of the city's interstate highways, e.g. I-95, I-83, and I-70 are not directly connected to each other, and in the case of I-70 end just outside city limits at the Baltimore Beltway, because of freeway revolts in the City of Baltimore. These revolts were led Barbara Mikulski, now United States Senator, which resulted in the abandonment of the original plan. U.S. highways and state routes that run to and through downtown Baltimore include U.S. 1, U.S. Route 40 National Road, and the Baltimore-Washington Parkway. There are two tunnels traversing the Baltimore harbor within the city limits: the four-bore Fort McHenry Tunnel (served by I-95) and the two-bore Harbor Tunnel (served by I-895). The Baltimore Beltway crosses south of Baltimore harbor over the Francis Scott Key Bridge.

Baltimore is a top destination for Amtrak along the Northeast Corridor. Baltimore's Penn Station is one of the busiest in the country. In 2005, it ranked 8th in the United States with a total ridership of 910,523. [ [http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=Amtrak/am2Copy/Title_Image_Copy_Page&cid=1081442674300&c=am2Copy&ssid=424 25 Busiest stations in 2005] . Inside Amtrak. Government Affairs. Amtrak Information. "URL retrieved April 1 2007".] Just outside the city, Baltimore/Washington International (BWI) Thurgood Marshall Airport Rail Station is another popular stop. Amtrak's Acela Express, Palmetto, Carolinian, Silver Star, Silver Meteor, Vermonter, Crescent, and Regional trains are the scheduled passenger train services that stop in the city. Additionally, MARC commuter rail service connects the city's two main intercity rail stations, Camden Station and Penn Station, with Washington, D.C.'s Union Station as well as stops in between.

Public transit in Baltimore is provided by the Maryland Transit Administration. The city has a comprehensive bus network, a small light rail network connecting Hunt Valley in the north to BWI airport and Cromwell in the south, and a subway line between Owings Mills and Johns Hopkins Hospital. [ [http://www.mtamaryland.com/ Maryland Transit Administration] . "URL retrieved April 5 2007".] A proposed bus rapid transit or rail line, known as the Red Line, which would link the Social Security Administration to Fells Point and perhaps the Canton and Dundalk communities, is under study as of 2007; a proposal to extend Baltimore's existing subway line to Morgan State University, known as the Green Line, is in the planning stage. [ [http://www.baltimoreregiontransitplan.com/ Baltimore Region Rail System Plan] . "URL retrieved April 5 2007".]

Baltimore is served by Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, generally known as "BWI," which lies to the south in neighboring Anne Arundel County, and by Martin State Airport, a general aviation facility, to the north in Baltimore County. BWI and Martin State airports are operated by the Maryland Aviation Administration which is part of the Maryland Department of Transportation. [ [http://www.marylandaviation.com/ Maryland Aviation Administration] . "URL retrieved April 5 2007".] In terms of passengers, BWI airport is the top 26th airport in the United States. [ [http://www.bwiairport.com/about_bwi/general_statistics/ General Statistics] . Baltimore/Washington International Airport. "URL retrieved April 5 2007".] Downtown Baltimore is connected to BWI airport by two major highways (I-95 and the Baltimore-Washington Parkway via Interstate 195), the Baltimore Light Rail, and Amtrak and MARC commuter rail service between Baltimore's Penn Station and BWI Rail Station. Martin State Airport is linked to downtown Baltimore by two major highways, I-95 and U.S. Route 40, and MARC commuter rail service between Baltimore's Penn Station and its nearby Martin State Airport MARC Train stop.

Port of Baltimore

The port was founded 1706, preceding the founding of Baltimore. The Maryland colonial legislature made the area near Locust Point as the port of entry for the tobacco trade with England. Fells Point, the deepest point in the natural harbor, soon became the colony's main ship building center, later on becoming leader in the construction of clipper ships. [ [http://www.portofbaltimore300.org/history.htm History of the Port of Baltimore] , Port of Baltimore Tricentennial Committee.] After the founding of Baltimore, mills were built behind the wharves. The California Gold Rush led to many orders for fast vessels; many overland pioneers also relied upon canned goods from Baltimore. After the civil war, a coffee ship was designed here for trade with Brazil. At the end of the nineteenth century, European ship lines had terminals for immigrants. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad made the port a major transshipment point.fact|date=September 2008

Currently the port has major roll-on roll-off facilities, as well as bulk facilities, especially steel handling. [ [http://www.mpa.state.md.us/info/cargo.htm The Port of Baltimore's Cargo] , Maryland Port Administration] .] Water taxis also operate in the Inner Harbor. Governor Ehrlich participated in naming the port after Helen Delich Bentley during the 300th anniversary of the port. [ [http://www.teslasociety.com/bentley.htm Governor Ehrlich Names Port Of Baltimore After Helen Delich Bentley] , Tesla Memorial Society of New York.]

In 2007, Duke Realty Corporation began a new development near the Port of Baltimore, named the Chesapeake Commerce Center. This new industrial park is located on the site of a former General Motors plant. The total project comprises convert|184|acre|km2 in eastern Baltimore City and the site will yield convert|2800000|sqft|m2 of warehouse/distribution and office space. Chesapeake Commerce Center has direct access to two major Interstate Highways (I-95 and I-895) and is located adjacent to two of the major Port of Baltimore Terminals. The Port of Baltimore is the furthest inland port in the U.S. with a convert|50|ft|m|sing=on dredge to accommodate the largest shipping vessels.fact|date=September 2008

Education

Colleges and universities

Baltimore is the home of numerous places of higher learning, both public and private. Among them are:

Private

*Baltimore Hebrew University (BHU)
*Baltimore International College (BIC)
*College of Notre Dame of Maryland
*The Johns Hopkins University (JHU)
*Loyola College in Maryland (LC)
*Maryland Institute College of Art (MICA)
*Peabody Institute
*Sojourner-Douglass College

Public

*Baltimore City Community College (BCCC)
*Coppin State University
*Morgan State University
*University of Baltimore (UB)
*University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB, formerly UMAB)

As well as those located within the city, several are located in the suburbs that surround the city. Major ones include:
*Community College of Baltimore County in Catonsville, Essex, and Dundalk (public)
*Anne Arundel Community College in Anne Arundel County (public)
*Goucher College, in Towson (private)
*Towson University, in Towson (public)
*University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), in Catonsville (public)
*Stevenson University, in Stevenson and Owings Mills (private) (formerly Villa Julie College (2008))
*Ner Israel Rabbinical College in Pikesville (private)

Primary and secondary schools

The city's public schools are operated by the Baltimore City Public School System and include Baltimore City College, the third oldest public high school in the country, and Western High School, the oldest public all girls school in the nation. Baltimore City College ('City') and Baltimore Polytechnic Institute ('Poly') share the nation's second-oldest high school football rivalry. Baltimore City College, Baltimore Polytechnic Institute, and Western High School constitute the hardest admissions policies of any public high school in Maryland.Fact|date=February 2008

Private schools

These private schools are within the city:
* Archbishop Curley High School
* Baltimore Junior Academy
* The Bryn Mawr School
* Calvert Hall College High School
* Calvert School
* Cardinal Gibbons School
* School of the Cathedral of Mary our Queen
* Friends School of Baltimore
* Gilman School
* Institute of Notre Dame
* Mount Saint Joseph High School
* Roland Park Country School
* The Catholic High School of Baltimore
* Waldorf School of Baltimore

Some private schools are located in the nearby suburbs:
* Al-Rahmah School
* Arlington Baptist High School
* Baltimore Lutheran School
* Boys' Latin School of Maryland
* Calvert Hall College High School
* Garrison Forest School
* Loyola Blakefield
* McDonogh School
* Oldfields School
* The Park School
* Ruxton Country Day school
* St. Paul's School
* St. Paul's School for Girls

Parochial schools

* Archbishop Curley High School
* Bais Yaakov of Baltimore
* Beth Tfiloh
* Cardinal Gibbons School
* The Catholic High School of Baltimore
* St. Frances Academy (Baltimore, Maryland)
* Institute of Notre Dame
* Mercy High School
* Mount Saint Joseph High School
* Ner Israel Rabbinical College
* Seton Keough High School
* The Shoshana S. Cardin School
* Yeshivat Rambam

Media

Baltimore's main newspaper is "The Baltimore Sun". It was sold by its Baltimore owners in 1986 to the Times Mirror Company, [cite web |url=http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/The-Times-Mirror-Company-Company-History.html |title=The Times Mirror Company – Company History |accessdate=2008-09-25 |work=fundinguniverse.com |publisher=Funding Universe ] which was bought by the Tribune Company in 2000. [cite news |first=Terence |last=Smith |authorlink=Terence Smith |title=Tribune Buys Times Mirror |url=http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/media/jan-june00/tribune_3-21.html |work=pbs.org |publisher=MacNeil/Lehrer Productions |date=2000-03-21 |accessdate=2008-09-25 ] Baltimore is the 26th-largest television market and 21st-largest radio market in the country.fact|date=August 2008

ports teams

Baltimore has a long and storied sporting history encompassing many teams from many different eras. Current teams include: the Baltimore Orioles, Major League Baseball since 1954; the Baltimore Ravens, National Football League since 1996; Baltimore Blast, National Indoor Soccer League since 1998; Crystal Palace Baltimore, USL Second Division since 2006; Baltimore Mariners, American Indoor Football Association since 2008; Baltimore Bay Lions, American Basketball Association since 2008; Baltimore Burn, National Women's Football Association since 2004; Baltimore Nighthawks, Independent Women's Football League since 2001; and the Charm City Roller Girls Women's Flat Track Derby Association since 2006. Area fans are known for their passion and reverence for historical sports figure who played in the city or were born there. Wild Bill Hagy is an example of a famous fan.

ister cities

Baltimore has eleven sister cities, as designated by [http://www.sister-cities.org/ Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI)] :


*flagicon|Egypt Alexandria, Egypt
*flagicon|Israel Ashkelon, Israel
*flagicon|Spain Cadiz, Spain
*flagicon|Liberia Gbarnga, Liberia
*flagicon|Italy Genoa, Italy
*flagicon|Japan Kawasaki, Japan
*flagicon|Egypt Luxor, Egypt
*flagicon|Ukraine Odessa, Ukraine
*flagicon|Greece Piraeus, Greece
*flagicon|Netherlands Rotterdam, Netherlands
*flagicon|China Xiamen, China

Baltimore in fiction

ee also


*Arabbers
*Baltimore Police Department
*Baltimorese
*Baltimore Steam Packet Company ("Old Bay Line")
*
*Dickeyville Historic District
*Eliza Ridgely
*Enoch Pratt Free Library
*Formstone
*List of parks in the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area
*List of people from Baltimore
*Michael Phelps
*Music of Baltimore
*National Bohemian
*Plug Uglies
*Royal Blue (B&O train)
*Screen painting

References

External links

* [http://www.baltimorecity.gov City of Baltimore Website]
* [http://www.baltimore.org/ Baltimore Area Convention and Visitors Association]
* [http://www.baltimore-maryland.org/history/baltimore-history.html Baltimore History Time Line]
* [http://www.visitmybaltimore.com Visit My Baltimore]
* [http://BaltoCo.org The Baltimore Collective] — MediaWiki cultural archive project for Baltimore, Maryland US
* [http://www.baltimoredevelopment.com/ Baltimore Development Corporation]
* [http://www.walkbaltimore.com/ Baltimore Walking Tours]
* [http://www.fellspointghost.com/ Fells Point Ghost Tours- Baltimore Ghost Tour]
* [http://www.rowhousebaltimore.com/ How to Renovate a Baltimore Rowhouse]
* [http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=101042 Buildings of Baltimore]
* [http://www.baltimore.to/ShotTower/index.html The Phoenix Shot Tower in Baltimore's Inner Harbor]
* [http://weather.umbc.edu/ Baltimore Weather] - Live weather, air quality, and archived weather from the UMBC weather station.
* [http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/travel/baltimore/index.htm Baltimore, Maryland, a National Park Service "Discover Our Shared Heritage" Travel Itinerary]
* NOAA Charts(linked 4/2007):* Baltimore Harbor [http://205.156.4.52/cgi-bin/EyeSpy.dll?launchpad&D:/EyeSpy/images/Online_Chart_Viewer/12281.axs&wsx=750&wsy=550&bgcolor=ffffff&aligX=1&aligY=1 # 12281] :* Chesapeake Bay Approaches to Baltimore Harbor [http://205.156.4.52/cgi-bin/EyeSpy.dll?launchpad&D:/EyeSpy/images/Online_Chart_Viewer/12278.axs&wsx=750&wsy=550&bgcolor=ffffff&aligX=1&aligY=1 # 12278]
* [http://chartmaker.ncd.noaa.gov/nsd/CP3/CP3-40ed-Ch15_3.pdf Chapter 15] Baltimore to Head of Chesapeake Bay, "Coast Pilot 3", 40th Edition, 2007, Office of Coastal Survey, NOAA.



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