- Conspiracy (political)
In a political sense, conspiracy refers to a group of persons united in the goal of usurping or overthrowing an established political power. Typically, the final goal is to gain power through a revolutionary
coup d'étator through assassination.
A conspiracy is to be contrasted with a
cabal. The two are similar but have quite different connotations; in contrast to a cabal, a conspiracy usually looks to overthrow a fixed power instead of usurping it from within.
Famous political conspiracies
Perhaps the most famous political conspiracy was that of
Gaius Trebonius, Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus, Marcus Junius Brutus, and Gaius Cassius Longinuswho successfully conspired to assassinate Julius Caesaron the Ides of March, 44 BC.
Catiline conspiracy, thwarted by Ciceroas consul.
Two other famous conspiracies were the murders of
David Rizzioand Lord Darnley, (Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Albany), respectively Mary, Queen of Scotsprivate secretary and her husband.
It is also generally considered that the infamous "gunpowder treason" attempted by
Guy Fawkeswas a conspiracy, although a thwarted one.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.