- Joseph Lowthian Hudson
Joseph Lowthian Hudson (
October 17 1846– July 5 1912) also known as J. L. Hudson, was the merchant who founded the Hudson's department storein Detroit, Michigan.
Hudson also supplied the seed capital for the establishment, in 1909, of Roy D. Chapin's automotive venture, which Chapin named the
Hudson Motor Car Companyin honor of J.L. Hudson.
Hudson was born in
Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, and immigrated with his family to Hamilton, Ontario Canadawhen he was nine; by the age of fourteen he and members of his family were residing in Michigan. His brother William moved to Buffalo, New Yorkin 1896, to operate a branch of the Hudson's store until his death in 1928. [Rizzo, Michael F. (2007) "Nine Nine Eight: The Glory Days of Buffalo Shopping" Lulu Enterprises, Inc.; Morrisville, North Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4303-1386-1.]
While Hudson began his career in merchandising with family members and other outside partners, he founded what would provide the basis for Hudson's Department Stores in 1881 inside a shop at the
Detroit Opera House. Hudson at first focused on men' and boy's wear, and succeeded through set low prices and a return policy that favored the customer. As business volume grew, Hudson added sale professionals and additional lines of goods, including women's clothing and housewares. Hudson incorporated his venture in 1891 as the J. L. Hudson Company.
In addition with providing the seed capital for
Hudson Motor Car Company, J.L. Hudson was also involved the American Vapor Stove Company, Dime Savings Bank, American Exchange National Bank, the Detroit City Gas Company, and the Third National Bank of Detroit. When the Third National Bank collapsed in the financial panic of 1893, Hudson felt personally liable for the failure and paid from his personal accounts an amount equal to the balances of record held by each account holder. The move cost Hudson $265,000, however the goodwill that it showed also paid Hudson dividends in the form of increasing market share for his businesses. Hudson was also active in civil causes in greater Detroit area.
A life-long bachelor, Hudson died in 1912. Some sources list his place of death as
Worthing, England, while some newspaper accounts list the place of death as Paris, France. He is interred at Woodlawn Cemetery.
According to biographer Edward L. Lack, Jr., Hudson left no personal papers, and the details outside of his public life are few and mostly unknown.
* "Wealthy Merchant Dead". Wire service report. Lima News.
Lima, Ohio. July 5, 1912.
* Betz, Paul and Carnes, Mark C. Editors. "American National Biography." (First supplement). New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
*Lach, Edward L. Jr. "Hudson, J. L."; [http://www.anb.org/articles/10/10-02233.html American National Biography Online] , January 2001 Update.
* [http://info.detnews.com/history/story/index.cfm?id=29&category=business How J.L. Hudson changed the way we shop]
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