- 1860 United States Census
The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the
United States. It determined the population of the United Statesto be 31,443,321 — an increase of 35.4 percent over the 23,191,876 persons enumerated during the 1850 Census. The total population included 3,953,760 slaves.
By the time the 1860 census returns were ready for tabulation, the nation was sinking into the
American Civil War. As a result, Census Superintendent Joseph C. G. Kennedyand his staff produced only an abbreviated set of reports, which included no graphic or cartographic representations. This new round of statistics did allow the Census staff to produce a cartographic display, including preparing maps of Southern states for Union field commanders. These maps displayed militarily vital topics, including white population, slave population, predominant agricultural products (by county), and rail and post-road transportation routes.
* [http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/1860.htm Full text of Census report (in pdf format)]
* [http://www.mortalityschedules.com U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
Joseph C. G. Kennedy
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