- Raj Kapoor
name = Raj Kapoor
imagesize = 245px
birthdate = birth date|1924|12|14|mf=y
Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan
deathdate = death date and age|1988|6|2|1924|12|14|mf=y
Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai(1961)
Mera Naam Joker(1971)
Ram Teri Ganga Maili(1985)
Ram Teri Ganga Maili(1985)
Ranbirraj Kapoor 'The Show-man' (
Hindi: राज कपूर, Rāj Kapūr, December 14, 1924- June 2, 1988) was an Indian actor, producer and director of Bollywoodmovies. [ [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:3pfuxqrkldae~T1 Allmusic biography] ] He is part of the famous Kapoor familyand is the son of Prithviraj Kapoor, and Rama Kapoor, grandson of Dewan Basheswarnath Kapoor and great-grandson of Dewan Keshavmal Kapoor.
Raj Kapoor began his career as a clapper boy assisting Kidar Sharma at a film studio. At age eleven, he appeared in films for the first time, in the 1935 film "Inquilab". After acting in several other films the next 12 years, Raj Kapoor's big break came with the lead role in "Neel Kamal" (1947) opposite
Madhubalain her first role as a leading lady. In 1948, at the age of twenty-four, he established his own studio, R. K. Films, and became the youngest film director of his time. His first movie as a producer, director and star was the 1948 film "Aag" which was also the first of his many films with actress Nargis. However the film failed to do well at the box office. In 1949 he once again starred alongside Nargis in Mehboob Khan's classic blockbuster "Andaz" which was his first major success as an actor.
He went on to produce, direct and star in many box office hits such as "
Barsaat" (1949), " Awaara" (1951), " Shree 420" (1955), " Chori Chori" (1956) and " Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai" (1960). These films established his screen image as The Trampmodeled on Charlie Chaplin's most famous screen persona. In 1964 he produced, directed and starred in " Sangam" which was his first film in colour. This was his last major success as a leading actor. He moved onto directing and starring in his ambitious 1970 film, " Mera Naam Joker" (My name is Joker), which took more than six years to complete. The film was said to be loosely based on his own life. When released in 1970, it was however a box office disaster putting him into a financial crisis. Despite this setback, the film was much later acknowledged as a misunderstood classic and Raj himself regarded this film as his favourite.
He bounced back in 1971 when he co-starred with his eldest son
Randhir Kapoorin Randhir's acting and directorial debut " Kal Aaj Aur Kal" (1971) which also starred Raj's father Prithviraj Kapoor as well as Randhir's wife to be Babita. From then on he acted in films as a character actor and focused on producing and directing films. He launched his second eldest son Rishi Kapoor's career when he produced and directed "Bobby" (1973) which was not only a huge box office success but also introduced actress Dimple Kapadia, later a very popular actress, and was the first of a new generation of teen romances. Dimple wore bikinis in the film which was quite unique for Indian films then.
In the latter half of the 1970s and early 1980s he produced and directed films which focused on the female protagonists: "
Satyam Shivam Sundaram" (1978) with Zeenat Aman, " Prem Rog" (1982) with Padmini Kolhapureand " Ram Teri Ganga Maili" (1985) which introduced Mandakini.
Raj Kapoor suffered from
asthmain his later years; he died of complications related to asthma in 1988 at sixty-three years of age. At the time of his death he was working on the movie "Henna" (an Indo-Pakistani love story). The film was later completed by his son Randhir Kapoor and released in 1991 going onto become a huge success.
Raj Kapoor is appreciated both by film critics and ordinary film fans. Film historians and movie buffs speak of him as the "
Charlie Chaplinof Indian cinema," since he often portrayed a tramp-like figure, who, despite adversity, was still cheerful and honest. His fame spread world-wide. He was adored by audiences in large parts of Africa, the Middle East, the former Soviet Union, China, and Southeast Asia; his movies were global commercial successes.
Many of Raj Kapoor's movies had a patriotic theme. His films "Aag", "
Shree 420" and " Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai" ("In the Country Where the Ganges Flows") celebrated the newly independent India, and encouraged film-goers to be patriots. Raj Kapoor commissioned these famous lyrics for " Mera Joota Hai Japani," a song from the movie " Shree 420":
:"Mera joota hai Japani":"Ye pataloon Inglistani":"Sar pe lal topi Roosi":"Phir bhi dil hai Hindustani"
:These shoes are Japanese:These trousers are English:The red cap on my head is Russian:However my heart is Indian
The song is still extremely popular and has been featured in a number of movies since "
Shree 420". Indian author Mahasweta Devistopped the show with her inaugural speech at the 2006 Frankfurt Book Fairwhen she used these lyrics to express her own heartfelt patriotism and debt to her country.
Raj Kapoor was a canny judge of
filmimusic and lyrics. Many of the songs he commissioned are evergreen hits. He introduced the music directors Shankar Jaikishanand the lyricist Hasrat Jaipuri. He is also remembered for his strong sense of visual style. He used striking visual compositions, elaborate sets, and dramatic lighting to complete the mood set by the music. He introduced the actors Nimmi, Dimple Kapadia, and Mandakini, as well as launching and reviving the careers of his sons Rishi and Rajiv.
The Kapoor family hailed from what is now
Faisalabad(then called Lyallpur) in the Punjab province of present-day Pakistan. Raj Kapoor was born on 14 December 1924, in Peshawarin the North West Frontier Provinceof what is now Pakistan. He was named "Ranbirraj Kapoor" at birth, and was the eldest of the four children of renowned stage and cinema actor Prithviraj Kapoorand his wife Smt. Ramsarni (Rama) Devi nee Mehra. His younger brothers were the actors Shammi Kapoorand Shashi Kapoor. He also had a sister by name Urmila Sial. In 1946, at the age of twenty-two, Raj Kapoor was wed to Krishna Malhotra belonging to Jabalpurin a traditional family-arranged wedding. Krishna was a distant relative of Raj's being his father's maternal uncle's daughter. Her brothers Prem Nathas well as Rajindernathwere also actors. Raj Kapoor and Krishna's eldest son Randhir Kapoorwas born in 1947, followed by their elder daughter Ritu the year after, in 1948. The second son Rishi Kapoorwas born in 1952, and second daughter Reema in 1956. Their youngest son, Rajiv Kapoorwas born in 1962. Randhir Kapoor, Rishi Kapoorand Rajiv Kapoorhave all been associated with the Hindi film industry as actors, directors or producers.
Raj Kapoor is also known to have had a longtime romantic relationship with the renowned actress Nargis during the 1950s. The couple starred in several films together, including "
Awaara" and " Shree 420".
Noted film personalities
Karisma Kapoorand Kareena Kapoorare the granddaughters of Raj and Krishna Kapoor, being the daughters of their eldest son Randhir Kapoorby his wife Babita. In Ranbir Kapoor, the son of Rishi Kapoorand Neetu Singh, his family has found another Kapoor scion to join the ranks of the Hindi Film Industry quite recently.
Ranbir is now known the youngest and latest of the kapoors.
Association with other artists
Shankar-Jaikishan were his music director of choice. He worked with them in 20 films in all including 10 of his own films from "
Barsaat" until Kal Aaj Aur Kal. (" Jagte Raho" with Salil Chowdhuryand " Ab Dilli Dur Nahin" being two exceptions in this period). Only after Jaikishan passed away, did he turn to a different music director - Laxmikant Pyarelalfor "Bobby".
List of films with Shankar Jaikishan:
* "Aah" (1953)
* "Boot Polish" (1954)
Shree 420" (1955)
Chori Chori" (1956)
* "Sangam" (1964)
Teesri Kasam" (1966)
* "Around the World" (1967)
* "Diwana" (1967)
Sapnon Ka Saudagar" (1968)
Mera Naam Joker" (1970)
* "Kanhaiya" (1959)
Main Nashe Men Hoon" (1959)
Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai" (1960)
* " Aashiq" (1962)
Ek Dil Sao Afsane" (1963) Nargis
* Raj Kapoor and
Nargisworked together in 16 films including 6 of his own productions.
Jan Pahchan" (1950)
* "Amber" (1952)
* "Aah" (1953)
Shree 420" (1955)
Chori Chori" (1956)
Jagte Raho" (1956) Mukesh
Mukesh was Raj Kapoor's almost exclusive singing voice in almost all of his films. However
Manna Deyhas also sung many notable and super-hit songs for Raj Kapoor, for instance in Shree 420and Chori Chori. Examples of such songs are best illustrated by following songs:
*Pyar Hua Iqrar Hua Hai (
*Dil Ka Haal Sune Dil Wala (Shree 420)
*Aaja Sanam Madhur Chandni Mein Hum (
*Jahan Mein Jati Hoon Wahin Chale Aate Ho (Chori Chori)
*Yeh Raat Bhigi Bhigi, Yeh Mast Fazayen (Chori Chori)
*Masti Bhara Hai Samaan (
Awards and nominations
* Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul. "Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema". London: British Film Institute; New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1994
* Kishore, Valicha. "The Moving Image". Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 1988
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