- HNLMS De Gelderland
HNLMS "De Gelderland" was a Dutch warship. During its career in the Dutch Navy it was most notable for being the ship
Queen Wilhelminasent to South Africato rescue Paul Krugerduring the Second Boer War. The ship was taken over by the Germans during World War IIand renamed "Niobe". She was sunk in the harbour of Kotkain Finlandon July 16, 1944.
The ship began its history as the Dutch "Holland"-class armoured deck cruiser ("pantserdekschip") HNLMS "Gelderland". After
World War Ishe served as an artillery training ship in the Dutch navy. The ship was seized by the Germans during their invasion of the Netherlandsin 1940. "Gelderland" joined the German "Kriegsmarine" under its new name "Niobe". She was in use between 1940-44, first as a cruiser, then as a training ship, and finally as an AA-cruiser ("Flakschiff").
During the great Soviet offensive of 1944 the Soviets tried to finish the war against the Finns, once and for all. The Germans came to aid the Finns and among the material brought with them was the AA-cruiser "Niobe", which was ordered to strengthen the air defences of Kotka, then one of the most bombed cities of Finland. The Soviet Union put much emphasis on finding and sinking the Finnish coastal defence ship "Väinämöinen". Soviet aerial reconnaissance spotted a large ship in the Kotka harbour and decided to attack it with great strength. 132 bombers and fighters took off on
July 16, 1944. The ship was however the "Niobe" and the aircraft were met with fierce resistance. 9 aircraft were shot down before the ship was hit by seven bombs and two bouncing bombs (similar to the ones used in Operation Chastise) from two Soviet A-20 Havocbombers. The guns were still shooting while she was settling in her shallow grave. 70 men were lost.
The "Niobe" was raised and scrapped in 1953.
German anti-aircraft cruiser Niobe
* [http://www.netherlandsnavy.nl/Gelderland.htm Gelderland page]
* [http://www.german-navy.de/kriegsmarine/ships/aabattery/niobe/history.html Niobe]
* [http://rafiger.de/Homepage/Artgallery/Historic02.htm Pictures and facts]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
HNLMS Gelderland — The wreck of Niobe in Kotka Career … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (H) — # H 8 bomber # H hour (D day) # H. A. Sinclair de Rochemont# H. Emory Widener, Jr. # H. H. Kung # H. Keith Thompson # H. L. N. Salmon # H. Montgomery Hyde # H. Ryan Price # H. Stuart Hughes # H. W. Whillock # Höcker Album # Höfle Telegram # Hôtel … Wikipedia
List of cruisers — This is a so far incomplete list of cruisers 1860 present. It includes protected, light, armoured, battle , heavy and missile cruisers. Dates are launching dates. Argentina * Patagonia (1885) * Necochea (1890) Renamed Veinticinco de Mayo * Nueve… … Wikipedia
Netherlands — This article is about the country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. For other uses, see Netherlands (disambiguation). Netherlands Nederland … Wikipedia
Бронепалубные крейсера типа «Холланд» — Hollandklasse … Википедия
Niobe (ship) — Several ships have borne the name Niobe, after the figure of Niobe in Greek mythology German anti aircraft cruiser Niobe, ex HNLMS Gelderland, Dutch ship taken over by the Germans during World War II Segelschulschiff Niobe, a tall ship used by… … Wikipedia
Opération Delphin — Carte des principales îles de Croatie Informations générales Date 15 novembre 1943 1er dé … Wikipédia en Français