1665

Year 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1665

January - June


* January 5 - The "Journal des sçavans" begins publication in France.
* March 4 - The Second Anglo-Dutch War begins.
* March 6 - The "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society" begins publication.
* March 16 - Bucharest allows Jews to settle in the city in exchange for an annual tax of 16 guilders.
* April 12 - Margaret Porteous is the first person who was recorded to die of plague in the Great Plague of London. This last outbreak of Bubonic plague in London was possibly introduced by Dutch prisoners of war. Two-thirds of Londoners leave the city, but over 68,000 die.
* June 3 - James Stuart, Duke of York (later to become King James II of England) defeats the Dutch Fleet off the coast of Lowestoft.
* June 12 - England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam).
* June 30 - King Charles II of England issues a second charter for the Province of Carolina, which clarifies and expands the borders of the Lords Proprietors' tracts.

July - December


* July 3 - The first documented case of cyclopia is found in a horse.
* July 7 - King Charles II of England leaves London with his entourage, fleeing the Great Plague. He moves his court to Salisbury, then Exeter.
* September 17 - Charles II of Spain becomes King.
* October 5 - The University of Kiel is founded.
* October 29 - Battle of Mbwila: Portuguese forces defeat and kill King António I of Kongo.
* November 7 - The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.

Undated

* Molière publishes "L'Amour médecin".
* John Bunyan publishes "The Resurrection"
* Approximate date of the discovery of the Great Red Spot.
* "Ye Bare & Ye Cubbe", the first play in English in the American colonies, is performed in Pungoteague, Virginia.
* Robert Hooke discovers cells in tree bark.
* The English poet John Milton popularizes the Chinese sailing carriage in a famous poem; this peculiar Chinese invention was first written of in the West by Abraham Ortelius in his atlas of 1584.
* The Derby plague of 1665 leaves its mark.

Births


* February 6 - Queen Anne of Great Britain (d. 1714)
* February 12 - Rudolf Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (d. 1721)
* March 4 - Philip Christoph von Königsmarck, Swedish soldier (d. 1694)
* April 19 - Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (d. 1721)
* April 29 - James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier (d. 1745)
* June 4 - Zacharie Robutel de La Noue, Canadian soldier (d. 1733)
* July 2 - Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (d. 1726)
* August 21 - Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer (d. 1729)
* August 27 - John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician (d. 1751)
* December 25 - Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (d. 1746)
* December 28 - George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (d. 1716)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 12 - Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician (b. 1601)
* January 31 - Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
* June 13 - Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer, Dutch admiral (b. 1604)
* June 25 - Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria, regent of Tyrol and Further Austria (b. 1630)
* July 11 - Kenelm Digby, English privateer (b. 1603)
* July 18 - Stefan Czarniecki, Polish general (b. 1599)
* September 12 - Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer (b. 1596)
* September 17 - King Philip IV of Spain (b. 1605)
* September 25 - Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (b. 1610)
* November 17 - John Earle (bishop), English bishop (b. 1601)
* November 19 - Nicolas Poussin, French painter (b. 1594)
* December 2 - Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet, French socialite (b. 1588)
* December 10 - Tarquinio Merula, Italian composer (b. c. 1594)

: "See also ."


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  • 1665 г. — 1665 г. – Р. Гук усовершенствовал микроскоп, ввел третью собирательную линзу, предложил термин клетка . см. исторические вехи развития эмбриологии …   Общая эмбриология: Терминологический словарь

  • 1665 — Années : 1662 1663 1664  1665  1666 1667 1668 Décennies : 1630 1640 1650  1660  1670 1680 1690 Siècles : XVIe siècle  XVIIe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1665 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 16. Jahrhundert | 17. Jahrhundert | 18. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 1630er | 1640er | 1650er | 1660er | 1670er | 1680er | 1690er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 1661 | 1662 | 1663 | 16 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1665 — Años: 1662 1663 1664 – 1665 – 1666 1667 1668 Décadas: Años 1630 Años 1640 Años 1650 – Años 1660 – Años 1670 Años 1680 Años 1690 Siglos: Siglo XVI – …   Wikipedia Español

  • 1665 — …   Википедия

  • 1665 — Признание Испанией независимости Португалии …   Краткий хронологический справочник

  • 1665 — матем. • Запись римскими цифрами: MDCLXV …   Словарь обозначений

  • 1665 год — Годы 1661 · 1662 · 1663 · 1664 1665 1666 · 1667 · 1668 · 1669 Десятилетия 1640 е · 1650 е 1660 е 1670 е · …   Википедия

  • 1665 en France — Années : 1662 1663 1664  1665  1666 1667 1668 Décennies : 1630 1640 1650  1660  1670 1680 1690 Siècles : XVIe siècle  XVIIe siè …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1665 au théâtre — Années : 1662 1663 1664  1665  1666 1667 1668 Décennies : 1630 1640 1650  1660  1670 1680 1690 Siècles : XVIe siècle  XVIIe sièc …   Wikipédia en Français

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