- Farringdon station
Infobox London station| name = Farringdon |
London Underground| manager = London Underground| zone = 1 | locale = Clerkenwell| borough = London Borough of Islington| start=1863 | platforms= 4 | latitude = 51.520
longitude = -0.1053
tubeexits04=14.392 | railcode=ZFD | tubeexits07=18.285 | railexits0607=1.637
Farringdon station is a
London Undergroundand National Railstation in Clerkenwell, just north of the City of Londonin the London Borough of Islington.
It is on the Metropolitan, Hammersmith & City and Circle lines, between King's Cross St. Pancras station and Barbican. The station is served by
First Capital Connecttrains which run from Brightonto Bedford, calling en route at Gatwick Airport, or from Lutonto Sutton. Some First Capital Connect trains also run into Moorgate and terminate there rather than continuing south via City Thameslink. Farringdon is in Transport for London's Travelcard Zone 1.
The station was opened on
9 January 1863as the terminus of the original Metropolitan Railway, the world's first underground metro line. The station, initially named "Farringdon Street", was originally located a short distance from today's building. The line ran from Farringdon to Paddington, a distance of 4 miles (6 km). The station was relocated on 23 December 1865when the Metropolitan Railway opened an extension to Moorgate. It was renamed "Farringdon and High Holborn" on 26 January 1922, and its present name on 21 April 1936.cite book
last = Rose
first = Douglas
title = The London Underground: A diagrammatic history
publisher = Capital Transport Publishing
year = 1999
isbn = 1854142194]
The lines from Farringdon to King's Cross stations run alongside the now culverted
Fleet River, which was above ground here until 1812. The station building is an unusually well-preserved piece of early 20th-century London Underground architecture; it still has its original signage (with the name "Farringdon and High Holborn" on the facade) and other indications of the Metropolitan Railway's ambitions to be like the main line companies, with a sign for a "Parcel Office" surviving on the exterior wall.
The station drastically requires expansion and is very busy at peak times. There have been plans to increase the station's passenger capacity for several years, as part of the
Thameslink Programme, and as a consequence of these works through First Capital Connect services to Moorgate will cease from March 2009.
The station is due to become one of the most important transport interchanges in central London, when the
Crossrail1 project is developed. Under current plans, the Crossrail station will be located between Farringdon Road and Charterhouse Square, south of the existing ticket hall. The Farringdon ticket hall will be located at the junction of Farringdon Road and Cowcross Street. The area between the current and new stations is intended to be pedestrianised. A further ticket hall will be located to provide an additional interchange with Barbican tube station[ [http://www.crossrail.co.uk/80256B090053AF4C/Files/stationinformation-central/$FILE/5393_c20.r3.1_farringdon.pdf Crossrail] - Farringdon (PDF). 28 October 2006] . Work, although authorised, has yet to start and completion of Crossrail is not anticipated until 2017 [ [http://www.crossrail.co.uk/ Crossrail website] accessed 09 Dec 2007] .
Farringdon Station is also notable because the
First Capital Connecttrains, whilst standing at the platform, switch between the 25kV AC overhead supply used to the north of London, and the 750V DC third railsupply used to the south, though the trains travelling to Moorgate use 25kV AC throughout.
The Underground trains use the four-rail 630V DC system.
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