Upper Clyde Shipbuilders


Upper Clyde Shipbuilders

Upper Clyde Shipbuilders was a group which amalgamated the major shipbuilders of the River Clyde, Glasgow, Scotland from 1967 to 1971. [ [http://www.archives.gla.ac.uk/collects/catalog/ugd/301-350/ugd348.html Records of Upper Clyde Shipbuilders Ltd, Clydebank Division, shipbuilders, Clydebank, West Dunbartonshire, Scotland] ] A strike and work-in in 1971 received much public attention.

Companies

The merged companies were:
* Fairfields, Govan
* Alexander Stephens and Sons, Linthouse
* Charles Connell and Company, Scotstoun
* Yarrow Shipbuilders Ltd (YSL), Scotstoun
* John Brown and Company, Clydebank

trike and work-in

The Upper Clyde Shipbuilders work-in was one of the most well-known industrial actions of the early 1970s in the United Kingdom. [ [http://www.archives.gla.ac.uk/collects/catalog/ugd/151-200/ugd180.html Transcripts of Media Reports of the UCS Work-In, Glasgow, Scotland] ]

Context

In the early twentieth century the Clyde was the main centre of shipbuilding in the world. By the early 1970s there were around 8,500 men working in only five shipyards on the river organised into the Lower and Upper Clyde Shipbuilders. This stark decline left some with the distinct impression that the UK government did not care about maintaining it as an industry (if not even leading some to believe that they were deliberately running it down).

In 1971 the Upper Clyde Shipbuilders went into receivership and the then Tory government under Edward Heath refused it a £6m loan. This provided stark evidence of government indifference to the industry and the trade union leadership decided to act.

Union strategy

Rather than go on strike, which was the traditional form of industrial action, the union leadership decided to have a "work-in" and complete the orders that the shipyards had in place. In this way they dispelled the idea of the workers being 'work-shy' and also wanted to illustrate the long-term viability of the yards.

The work-in was led by two young shop stewards, Jimmy Reid and Jimmy Airlie, both of whom were then members of the Communist Party of Great Britain. They ran a well organised campaign in which the shop stewards in each yard remained firmly in charge. Reid wanted to ensure the workers projected the best image of the yard workers he possibly could, and insisted on tight discipline. He famously addressed the workers at the yards where he instructed them that there should be "no hooliganism, no vandalism and no bevvying (drinking)".

upport

Reid's tactics worked and public sympathy in the Glasgow area and beyond was on the side of the workers who took part. This was backed up with massive demonstrations in Glasgow, one of which was attended by around 80,000 marchers. At one demonstration Tony Benn addressed those in attendance, and Matt McGinn and Billy Connolly (both former shipyard workers) offered entertainment to the gathered crowd. The campaign was also well backed financially, and at one meeting for the campaign Jimmy Reid was able to announce that the campaign had received a £5,000 contribution from Lennon, to which an attendee replied "but Lenin's deid! (dead)".

The campaign also attracted support from various political parties, mainly the Labour Party and the Scottish National Party.

Aftermath

The work-in was successful in the short-term. In February 1972 Heath's government relented and retained two of the yards (Yarrow and Fairfields, as Govan Shipbuilders), and sold off another (John Brown). The long-term success of the work-in can be attributed to the fact that today two major shipyards on the Upper Clyde (the former YSL and Govan Shipbuilders) remain in operation: as BAE Systems Surface Fleet Solutions, both owned by global defence contractor BAE Systems, focusing principally upon the design and construction of technologically advanced warships for the Royal Navy and other navies around the world.

Some commentators have remarked though that the work-in was hugely successful at halting the laissez-faire, free-market ideas that many in the then Conservative government wanted to implement (and which the later Thatcher Conservative government would go on to do). Some have also noted the huge success in which the way the work-in galvanised public support in the way that other industrial disputes failed to do (the Miners Strike in the 1980s divided opinion a lot more for example).

External links

* [http://www.clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/search.asp The Clyde-built ships data base - lists over 22,000 ships built on the Clyde]

=References=


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Upper Clyde Shipbuilders — war ein aus mehreren der größten Werften am Fluss Clyde in Schottland gebildetes britisches Schiffbauunternehmen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 1.1 Beteiligte Werften 1.2 Insolvenz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • River Clyde — This article is about the river which flows through Glasgow. For other rivers, see Clyde River (disambiguation). For the ship, see SS River Clyde. Coordinates: 55°40′0″N 5°0′0″W / 5 …   Wikipedia

  • Govan Shipbuilders — Ltd was a British company of the Clydeside area of Glasgow in Scotland taking its name from the Govan area.The company was formed from Upper Clyde Shipbuilders (UCS), itself a product of the amalgamation of several Clydeside yards, Fairfields,… …   Wikipedia

  • Govan Shipbuilders — Ltd war ein britisches Schiffbauunternehmen am Fluss Clyde in Glasgow, Schottland. Geschichte Das Unternehmen wurde 1972 durch den Kauf und die Eingliederung der am Clyde gelegenen Werften Fairfield Shipbuilders, Alexander Stephen and Sons,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fairfield Shipbuilders — Scotstoun, Lageplan der Werften am Clyde (1909) Fairfield Shipbuilders, oft als Fairfields abgekürzt, ist eine Werft mit Sitz in Govan, Glasgow am Fluss Clyde in Schottland. Die Werft wurde vor allem durch den Bau zahlreicher Kriegsschiffe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yarrow Shipbuilders — Der Unternehmensgründer Sir Alfred F. Yarrow Yarrow Shipbuilders, meist abgekürzt Yarrows genannt, ist eine Werft mit Sitz in Scotstoun, Glasgow am Fluss Clyde in Schottland. Die Werft wurde vor allem durch die Yarrow Kessel und den Bau… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of shipbuilders and shipyards — This is a list of shipbuilding companies with mention of their respective shipyards. AsiaBangladesh*Dhaka Dockyard Engineering Works *Western Marine Shipyard *Ananda Shipyards Shipways *HighSpeed Shipyard *Khan Brothers Shipbuilding Ltd. *KHULNA… …   Wikipedia

  • Appledore Shipbuilders — Type Private Industry Shipbuilding Founded 1855 Headquarters Appledore, UK Parent Babcock Inte …   Wikipedia

  • Northwestern Shiprepairers & Shipbuilders — Former type Private Industry Shipbuilding Fate Name change Successor Cammell Laird Founded 2001 D …   Wikipedia

  • Firth of Clyde — The Firth of Clyde forms a large area of coastal water, sheltered from the Atlantic ocean by the Kintyre peninsula which encloses the outer firth in Argyll and Ayrshire, Scotland.At its entrance the firth is some 26 miles (42 km) wide. Its upper… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.