Decane


Decane
Decane[1]
Identifiers
CAS number 124-18-5 YesY
PubChem 15600
ChemSpider 14840 YesY
DrugBank DB02826
ChEBI CHEBI:41808 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL134537 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C10H22
Molar mass 142.29 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.73 g/ml, liquid
Melting point

−27.9 °C (245.25 K)

Boiling point

174.1 °C (446.9 K)

Solubility in water Immiscible
Viscosity 0.92 cP at 20 °C
Hazards
MSDS JT Baker
EU classification Flammable (F)
NFPA 704
NFPA 704.svg
2
0
0
Flash point 46°C c.c.
Autoignition
temperature
210°C
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Decane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)8CH3.

75 structural isomers of decane exist,[2] all of which are flammable liquids. Decane is one of the components of gasoline (petrol). Like other alkanes, it is nonpolar and therefore will not dissolve in polar liquids such as water. It has a surface tension of 0,0238 N·m−1.[3]

Contents

Reactions

Decane undergoes combustion reactions in a similar fashion to other alkanes. In the presence of excess oxygen, decane burns to form water and carbon dioxide.

2C10H22 + 31O2 → 20CO2 + 22H2O

When not enough oxygen is present for complete combustion, decane burns to form water and carbon monoxide.

2C10H22 + 21O2 → 20CO + 22H2O

See also

References

  1. ^ International Chemical Safety Card 0428
  2. ^ The 75 Isomers of Decane
  3. ^ Website of Krüss (8.10.2009)

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Decane — Décane Décane Représentations du décane Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Décane — Représentations du décane Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Decane — Dec ane, n. [See {Deca }.] (Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon, {C10H22}, of the paraffin series, including several isomeric modifications. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • décane — ● décane nom masculin Hydrocarbure saturé C10H22 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • decane — [dek′ān΄] n. [ DEC(A) + ANE] any of the isomeric alkanes with the formula C10H22 that are present in petroleum or in certain petroleum products, such as kerosene …   English World dictionary

  • decane — dekanas statusas T sritis chemija formulė H(CH₂)₁₀H atitikmenys: angl. decane rus. декан …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • decane- — dekan statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Dėmuo, reiškiantis, kad alkane yra nuo 10 iki 19 C atomų. atitikmenys: angl. decane rus. декан …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • decane — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary deca Date: circa 1875 any of several isomeric liquid alkanes C10H22 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • decane — /dek ayn/, n. Chem. a hydrocarbon, C10H22, of the methane series, occurring in several isomeric forms. [1870 75; DEC + ANE] * * * …   Universalium

  • decane — noun any of the seventy five isomers of the aliphatic hydrocarbon having the chemical formula CH …   Wiktionary


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