Grand Vizier
The Grand Vizier giving an audience "under the dome"

Grand Vizier, in Turkish Vezir-i Azam or Sadr-ı Azam (Sadrazam) (in Ottoman Turkish: صدر اعظم or وزیر اعظم), deriving from the Arabic word vizier (وزير), was the greatest minister of the Sultan, with absolute power of attorney and, in principle, dismissable only by the Sultan himself.[1] He held the imperial seal and could convene all other viziers to attend to affairs of the state; the viziers in conference were called "Kubbealtı viziers" in reference to their meeting place, the Kubbealtı ('under the dome') in Topkapı Palace. His offices were located at the Sublime Porte. "Grand Vizier" (Vazīr-e Azam) is also the official Urdu title of the Pakistani Prime Minister (ministers are titled "vizier").

During the nascent phases of the Ottoman state, "Vizier" was the only title used. The first of these Ottoman Viziers who was titled "Grand Vizier" was Çandarlı Kara Halil Hayreddin Pasha. The purpose in instituting the title "Grand Vizier" was to distinguish the holder of the Sultan's seal from other viziers. The initially more frequently used title of vezir-i âzam was gradually replaced by sadrazam, both meaning grand vizier in practice. Throughout Ottoman history, the grand viziers have also been termed sadr-ı âlî ('high vizier'), vekil-i mutlak ('absolute attorney'), sâhib-i devlet ('holder of the state'), serdar-ı ekrem, serdar-ı azam and zât-ı âsafî ('vizieral person').

The court of the Grand Vizier Jafar al-Barmaki.

In the Köprülü Era (1656–1703) the Empire was controlled by a series of powerful grand viziers. The relative ineffectiveness of the sultans and the diffusion of power to lower levels of the government was a feature of the Köprülü Era.

After the Tanzimat period of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century, the grand viziers came to assume a role more like that of the prime ministers of contemporary Western monarchies.

Seal of Ottoman Grand Vizier

References

  1. ^ Diplomatic documents relating to the outbreak of the European war, Volume 2. By Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. P.1411


See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grand vizier — Grand Grand (gr[a^]nd), a. [Compar. {Grander} (gr[a^]nd [ e]r); superl. {Grandest}.] [OE. grant, grount, OF. grant, F. grand, fr. L. grandis; perh. akin to gravis heavy, E. grave, a. Cf. {Grandee}.] 1. Of large size or extent; great; extensive;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Grand vizier — Vizier Viz ier, n. [Ar. wez[=i]r, waz[=i]r, properly, a bearer of burdens, a porter, from wazara to bear a burden: cf. F. vizir, visir. Cf. {Alguazil}.] A councilor of state; a high executive officer in Turkey and other Oriental countries.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grand vizier — index caretaker (one fulfilling the function of office) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • grand vizier — noun : the chief officer of state of a Muslim country especially formerly of the Ottoman Empire * * * the chief officer of state of various Muslim countries, as in the former Ottoman Empire. * * * Grand Vizier In pre Republican Turkey, the prime… …   Useful english dictionary

  • grand-vizier — n. Chief vizier, Turkish prime minister …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • grand vizier — /grænd vɪˈzɪə/ (say grand vi zear) noun the chief officer of state of various Muslim countries, as in the former Ottoman Empire …   Australian English dictionary

  • grand vizier — the chief officer of state of various Muslim countries, as in the former Ottoman Empire. * * * …   Universalium

  • grand vizier — senior head of state (in some Muslim nations) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • The Grand Vizier’s Garden Party — Исполнитель Pink Floyd Альбом Ummagumma Дата выпуска 25 октября 1969 (Великобритания) Д …   Википедия

  • The Grand Vizier's Garden Party — est une chanson du groupe Pink Floyd, composée par Nick Mason. Historique Dans toute l œuvre de Pink Floyd, Nick Mason n aura signé seul que trois titres : Party Sequence dans More, Speak To Me dans Dark Side of the moon, et ce morceau, la… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”