1939
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1900s  1910s  1920s  – 1930s –  1940s  1950s  1960s
Years: 1936 1937 193819391940 1941 1942
1939 by topic:
Subject
ArchaeologyArchitectureArtAviation – Awards – ComicsFilmLiterature (Poetry) – Meteorology – Music (Country) – Rail transportRadioScienceSportsTelevision
By country
AustraliaCanada – China – Ecuador – France – Germany – Greece – IndiaIreland – Italy – Japan – Malaya – Mexico – New ZealandNorway – Palestine Mandate – Philippines – Singapore – South Africa– Soviet Union – UK – USA
Leaders
Sovereign statesState leadersReligious leaders – Law
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
Works and introductions categories
Works – Introductions
v · d · e
1939 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1939
MCMXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2692
Armenian calendar 1388
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԸ
Assyrian calendar 6689
Bahá'í calendar 95 – 96
Bengali calendar 1346
Berber calendar 2889
British Regnal year Geo. 6 – 4 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2483
Burmese calendar 1301
Byzantine calendar 7447 – 7448
Chinese calendar 戊寅年十一月十一日
(4575/4635-11-11)
— to —
己卯年十一月廿一日
(4576/4636-11-21)
Coptic calendar 1655 – 1656
Ethiopian calendar 1931 – 1932
Hebrew calendar 5699 – 5700
Hindu calendars
 - Bikram Samwat 1995 – 1996
 - Shaka Samvat 1861 – 1862
 - Kali Yuga 5040 – 5041
Holocene calendar 11939
Iranian calendar 1317 – 1318
Islamic calendar 1357 – 1358
Japanese calendar Shōwa 14
(昭和14年)
Korean calendar 4272
Minguo calendar ROC 28
民國28年
Thai solar calendar 2482
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Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the deadliest human conflict in history.

Events

Below, events of World War II have the WWII prefix.

January

  • January 1
    • The Hewlett-Packard Company is founded.
    • Texas A&M University wins its only football national championship.
  • January 5Amelia Earhart is officially declared dead after her disappearance.
  • January 6Naturwissenschaften publishes evidence that nuclear fission has been achieved by Otto Hahn.
  • January 13Black Friday: 71 people die across Victoria in one of Australia's worst ever bushfires.
  • January 23 – "Dutch War Scare": Admiral Wilhelm Canaris of the Abwehr leaks misinformation to the effect that Germany plans to invade the Netherlands in February, with the aim of using Dutch air-fields to launch a strategic bombing offensive against Britain. The "Dutch War Scare" leads to a major change in British policies towards Europe.
  • January 24 – An earthquake kills 30,000 in Chile, and razes about 50,000 sq mi (130,000 km2).
  • January 25Refik Saydam forms the new government of Turkey. (11 th government)
  • January 26
    • Spanish Civil War: Spanish Nationalist troops, aided by Italy, take Barcelona.
    • In Paris, French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet, in response to rumours (which are true) that he is seeking to end the French alliance system in Eastern Europe, gives a speech highlighting his government's commitment to the cordon sanitaire.
  • January 27Adolf Hitler orders Plan Z, a 5-year naval expansion programme intended to provide for a huge German fleet capable of crushing the Royal Navy by 1944. The Kriegsmarine is given the first priority on the allotment of German economic resources.
  • January 30 – Hitler gives a speech before the Reichstag calling for an "export battle" to increase German foreign exchange holdings. The same speech also sees Hitler's "prophecy" where he warns that if "Jewish financers" start a war against Germany, the...result will be the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe".

February

March

April

May

June

June 24: Siam is renamed "Thailand".
  • June 3 – The Soviet government offers its definition of what constitutes "aggression", upon which the projected Anglo-Soviet-French alliance will come into effect. The French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet accepts the Soviet definition of aggression at once. The British reject the Soviet definition, especially the concept of "indirect aggression", which they feel is too loose a definition and phrased in such a manner as to imply the Soviet right of inference in the internal affairs of nations of Eastern Europe.
  • June 4 – The St. Louis, a ship carrying a cargo of 907 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida after already having been turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, many of its passengers later die in Nazi death camps during the Holocaust.
  • June 12 – The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is officially dedicated in Cooperstown, New York.
  • June 14Tientsin Incident: The Japanese blockade the British concession in Tianjin, China, beginning a crisis which almost causes an Anglo-Japanese war in the summer of 1939.
  • June 17 – In the last public guillotining in France, murderer Eugen Weidmann is decapitated by the guillotine.
  • June 23 – Talks are completed in Ankara between French Ambassador René Massigli and Turkish Foreign Minister Şükrü Saracoğlu, resolving the Hatay dispute in Turkey's favor. Turkey annexes Hatay.
  • June 24 – The government of Siam changes its name to Thailand, which means 'Free Land'.[1]

July

August

September

September 1: Wieluń destroyed by Luftwaffe bombing.
Common parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest at the end of the Invasion of Poland. At the center Major General Heinz Guderian and Brigadier Semyon Krivoshein.

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

January–February

March–April

May–June

July–August

September–October

November–December

Deaths

January–June

July–December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal dsc06171.png

References

  1. ^ "Thailand ( Siam ) History" (overview), CS Mngt, 2005, CSMngt.com webpage: CSMngt-Thai.
  2. ^ "On This Day - September 10, 1939". CBC.ca. http://archives.cbc.ca/on_this_day/09/10/. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  3. ^ "War!". junobeach.org. http://www.junobeach.org/e/2/can-eve-eve-war-e.htm. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  4. ^ The Conquest of Poland and the Beginnings of Jewish Persecution on the Yad Vashem website

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