1818

Year 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1818

January - June


* September 7 - Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
* September 23 - Border markers are formally installed for the European territory of Moresnet.
* October 20 - A convention between the U.S. and the United Kingdom establishes the northern boundary as the 49th parallel from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, also creating the Northwest Angle.
* November 11 - Anglo-Chinese College is founded by Robert Morrison in Malacca.
* December 3 - Illinois is admitted as the 21st U.S. state.
* December 24 - "Silent Night" composed by Franz Xaver Gruber and Josef Mohr.

Undated

* Lord Hastings, governor-general of India, gives approval to Sir Stamford Raffles to establish trading station at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula (modern-day Singapore).
* Andrew Jackson invades Florida.
* The Third Anglo-Maratha War ends, resulting in the breakup of the Maratha Empire and the loss of Maratha independence to the British.
* Shaka starts to rule.
* The British East India Company controls territory occupied by 180 million Indians.

Births

January - June


* January 30 - Artúr Görgey, Hungarian military general and politician (d. 1916)
* February 14 - Frederick Douglass (his day of birth was never established; he adopted this date), American abolitionist author and statesman (d. 1895)
* March 15 - Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (d. 1924)
* March 22 - John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (d. 1846)
* April 4 - Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (d. 1883)
* April 8 - King Christian IX of Denmark (d. 1906)
* April 17 - Emperor Alexander II of Russia (d. 1881)
* May 5 - Karl Marx, German political philosopher (d. 1883)
* June 17
**Sophie of Württemberg, Dutch queen (d. 1877)
**Charles Gounod, French composer (d. 1893)
* June 18 - Angelo Secchi, Italian astronomer (d. 1878)

July - December


* July 18 - Celadon Leeds Daboll, American merchant and inventor (d. 1866)
* July 22 - J. Gregory Smith, Vermont governor (d. 1891)
* July 30 - Emily Brontë, British novelist (d. 1848)
* September 27 - Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, German chemist (d. 1884)
* October 8 - John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician (d. 1905)
* October 18 - Edward Ord, U.S. Army officer (d. 1883)
* November 9 (October 28 (O.S.)) - Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer (d. 1883)
* November 29 - George Brown, Canadian politician (d. 1880)
* December 13 - Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (d. 1882)
* December 24 - James Prescott Joule, British physicist (d. 1889)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 11 - Johann David Wyss, Swiss author (b. 1743)
* February 5 - Charles XIII/Charles II, King of Sweden and Norway (b.1748)
* February 13 - George Rogers Clark, American Revolutionary leader
* February 15 - Friedrich Ludwig, Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Prussian general (b. 1746)
* May 10 - Paul Revere, American patriot and silversmith (b. 1735)
* May 26 - Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, Russian military commander
* June 12 - Egwale Seyon, Emperor of Ethiopia
* September 1 - Robert Calder, British naval officer (b. 1745)
* October 28 - Abigail Adams, First Lady of the United States (b. 1744)
* October 28 - Henri Jacques Guillaume Clarke, duc de Feltre, French marshal and politician (b. 1765)
* November 17 - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen of George III of the United Kingdom (b. 1744)
* December 18 - Lady Elizabeth Barton (murdered)
* December 25 - Dominique Catherine de Pérignon, Marshal of France (b. 1754)

: "See also ."


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