Granny Smith


Granny Smith
Malus 'Granny Ramsey Smith'
Granny smith and cross section.jpg
Details
Hybrid parentage Thought to be
Malus domestica × M. sylvestris
Cultivar Granny Ramsey Smith
Origin Maria Ann (Sherwood) Smith
Australia, 1867

The Granny Ramsey Smith green apple is a tip-bearing apple cultivar, which originated in Australia in 1868. It is named after Maria Ann Smith, who propagated the cultivar from a chance seedling. The tree is thought to be a hybrid of Malus sylvestris, the European Wild Apple, with the domestic apple M. domestica as the polleniser. Widely propagated in New Zealand, it was introduced to the United Kingdom c. 1935 and the United States in 1972 by Grady Auvil. The fruit has hard, light green skin and a crisp, juicy flesh. In some parts of Canada the Granny Smith is referred to as a Green Delicious.

History

Dillon Smith (1799–1870)

The cultivar originated in Eastwood, New South Wales, Australia (now a suburb of Sydney) in 1868 from a chance seedling propagated by Maria Ann Smith (née Sherwood, b. 1799, d. 9 March 1870), from whom comes the name.[1] The tree is thought to be a hybrid of Malus sylvestris, the European Wild Apple, with the domestic apple M. domestica as the polleniser. Widely propagated in New Zealand, it was introduced to the United Kingdom c. 1935 and the United States in 1972 by Grady Auvil.

Properties

Apple, raw, with skin
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 218 kJ (52 kcal)
Carbohydrates 13.81 g
- Sugars 10.39 g
- Dietary fiber 2.4 g
Fat 0.17 g
Protein 0.26 g
Thiamine (vit. B1) 0.017 mg (1%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2) 0.026 mg (2%)
Niacin (vit. B3) 0.091 mg (1%)
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.061 mg (1%)
Vitamin B6 0.041 mg (3%)
Folate (vit. B9) 3 μg (1%)
Vitamin C 4.6 mg (6%)
Calcium 6 mg (1%)
Iron 0.12 mg (1%)
Magnesium 5 mg (1%)
Phosphorus 11 mg (2%)
Potassium 107 mg (2%)
Zinc 0.04 mg (0%)
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Granny Smith apples are light green in colour. They are eaten raw and commonly used in pie baking.

This cultivar needs fewer winter chill hours and a longer growing season to mature the fruit, so it is favoured for the milder areas of the apple growing regions. It is moderately susceptible to fire blight and is highly prone to scab,[2] powdery mildew, and cedar apple rust.

References

  1. ^ "Granny Smith and her Apples". Archived from the original on 2007-08-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20070811001112/http://www.ryde.nsw.gov.au/ryde/msherwood.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-11. 
  2. ^ Dr. Stephen Miller of the USDA Fruit Research Lab in Kearneysville, West Virginia.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Granny smith — Des pommes Granny smith La Granny Smith est un cultivar de pomme très populaire apparu en Australie en 1868 suite à un semis chanceux réalisé par une vieille dame, Marie Ana (Granny pour Grand mère) Smith. En France, c est la troisième pomme la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Granny Smith — Herkunft Australien, 1868 Kreuzung aus vermutlich Malus sylvestris × Malus domestica …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Granny Smith — Granny Ramsey Smith Parentesco híbrido Se cree que Malus domestica × M. sylvestris Cultivar …   Wikipedia Español

  • granny\ smith — [ granismis ] n. f. inv. • 1964; mot angl., de Maria Ann Smith dite Granny Smith « mémé Smith » ♦ Anglic. Pomme d un vert éclatant, à chair ferme et acidulée. Des granny smith. Abrév. cour. GRANNY . Des grannys …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • granny smith — [gʀanismis] n. f. invar. ÉTYM. 1964, in Höfler; mot angl. des États Unis, de granny « grand maman », et Smith, nom du producteur. ❖ ♦ Anglic. Pomme de couleur verte, à la chair ferme. || Des granny smith. ♦ Abrév. c …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • granny-smith — ● granny smith nom féminin invariable Variété tardive de pomme verte à chair ferme d origine australienne …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Granny Smith — n. a popular, bright green variety of apple with tart flesh …   English World dictionary

  • Granny Smith — Des pommes Granny smith La Granny Smith est un cultivar de pomme très populaire apparu en Australie en 1868 suite à un « semis chanceux » réalisé par une vieille dame, Marie Ana Smith (granny signifie « grand mère »). En… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Granny Smith — Gran|ny Smith 〈[græ̣nı smı̣ð] m.; , 〉 Apfelsorte mit glänzender, grüner Schale u. saftigem, säuerlich schmeckendem Fruchtfleisch [engl.; eigentl. „Oma Schmidt“] * * * Gran|ny Smith [ grɛni smɪθ ], der; , [eigtl. = Oma Smith, nach Maria Ann… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • granny smith — variété de pomme verte ♦ Granny Smith surnom de Maria Ann Smith, l’Australienne qui a développé cette variété …   Dictionnaire des éponymes


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