Herod Antipas


Herod Antipas

calls Herodias' former husband Philip; either the author is confusing him with Philip the tetrarch, or both Herods shared the name Philip (Bruce 10 n. 16; Schürer 344 and n. 19).] On learning of this, Aretas' daughter travelled to the fortress of Machaerus, from where Nabatean forces escorted her to her father. Relations between Antipas and Aretas soured and in time preparations began for war. [Josephus, "Antiquities" [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=J.+AJ+18.111 18.111–113] .]

Antipas faced more immediate problems in his own tetrarchy when John the Baptist – in AD 28/29 according to the Gospel of Luke [; .]

Among those baptized by John was Jesus of Nazareth, who began his own ministry in Galilee – causing Antipas, according to Matthew and Mark, to fear that the Baptist had been raised from the dead. [.] Luke alone among the Gospels states that a group of Pharisees warned Jesus that Antipas was plotting his death, whereupon Jesus denounced the tetrarch as a "fox" and declared that he, Jesus, would not fall victim to such a plot because "it cannot be that a prophet should perish away from Jerusalem". [; Bruce 17; Hoehner 89–90.] thus allowing him to avoid responsibility for Jesus' execution. [Hoehner 90.]

Some scholars believe that Jesus' trial by Herod Antipas is unhistorical. [Jensen 121.] Robin Lane Fox, for example, argues that the story was invented based on Psalm 2, in which "the kings of the earth" are described as opposing the Lord's "anointed", and also served to show that the authorities failed to find grounds for convicting Jesus. [). It has been conjectured that these were sources for early Christian knowledge of Antipas and his court. [; , , , .
*Dio [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Cassius_Dio/59*.html#8.2 59.8.2] , [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Cassius_Dio/59*.html#27.2 59.27.2–3] .
*Josephus, "Antiquities" [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=J.+AJ+17.1 17–18] , "War" [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=J.+BJ+1.1 1–2] .
*"Gospel of Peter" [http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/gospelpeter.html 1] .
*Philo, " [http://www.earlyjewishwritings.com/text/philo/book40.html On the Embassy to Gaius] " 299–305.
*Suetonius, "Caligula" [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Suetonius/12Caesars/Caligula*.html#14.3 14.3] .

;Modern

*cite book |last=Bond |first=Helen K. |title=Pontius Pilate in History and Interpretation |series=Society for New Testament Studies monograph series |year=1998 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge |isbn=0-521-63114-9 |pages=p. 149
*cite journal |last=Bruce |first=F. F. |authorlink=F. F. Bruce |year=1963/1965 |title=Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea |journal=Annual of Leeds University Oriental Society |volume=5 |pages=6–23 |url=http://www.biblicalstudies.org.uk/pdf/herod_bruce.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2007-10-19
*cite web |last=Goodacre |first=Mark |url=http://ntgateway.com/weblog/2004/05/herod-antipas-in-passion-of-christ.html |title=Herod Antipas in The Passion of the Christ |accessdate=2007-10-19 |date=2004-05-01 |work=NT Gateway Weblog
*cite web |last=Gundry |first=Robert H. |authorlink=Robert H. Gundry |url=http://www.sbl-site.org/PDF/GundryLetter.pdf |title=The Burden of the Passion |accessdate=2007-10-19 |format=PDF |work=SBL Forum |publisher=Society of Biblical Literature
*cite book |last=Hoehner |first=Harold W. |editor=Ernst Bammel (ed.) |title=The Trial of Jesus: Cambridge Studies in Honour of C. F. D. Moule |series=Studies in Biblical Theology |year=1970 |publisher=SCM Press |location=London |isbn=0-334-01678-9 |pages=84–90 |chapter=Why Did Pilate Hand Jesus Over to Antipas? |chapterurl=http://www.biblicalstudies.org.uk/pdf/antipas_hoehner.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2007-10-19
*cite book |last=Jensen |first=Morten Hørning |title=Herod Antipas in Galilee: The Literary and Archaeological Sources on the Reign of Herod Antipas and its Socio-economic Impact on Galilee |series=Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament |year=2006 |publisher=Mohr Siebeck |location=Tübingen |isbn=3161489675 |pages=p. 121
*cite book |last=Lane Fox |first=Robin |authorlink=Robin Lane Fox |title=The Unauthorized Version: Truth and Fiction in the Bible |year=1991 |publisher=Viking |location=London |isbn=0-670-82412-7 |pages=p. 297
*cite encyclopedia|last=Milwitzky |first=William |editor=Isidore Singer "et al." |encyclopedia=Jewish Encyclopedia |title=Antipas (Herod Antipas) |url=http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=1597&letter=A |accessdate=2007-10-19 |year=1901-1906 |publisher=Funk & Wagnalls |location=New York |pages=638–639
*cite book |last=Schürer |first=Emil |authorlink=Emil Schürer |others=revised and edited by Geza Vermes, Fergus Millar and Matthew Black |title=The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ: Volume I |edition=revised English edition |year=1973 |publisher=T&T Clark |location=Edinburgh |isbn=0-567-02242-0 Pages 340–353 treat Antipas' reign.
*cite book |last=Sherwin-White |first=A. N. |authorlink=A. N. Sherwin-White |title=Roman Society and Roman Law in the New Testament |year=1963 |publisher=Clarendon Press |location=Oxford |isbn=0-19-825153-X |pages=pp. 28–31

External links

* [http://virtualreligion.net/iho/antipas.html Galilee under Antipas] and [http://virtualreligion.net/iho/antipas_2.html Antipas] entries in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith

Persondata
NAME = Herod Antipas
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea
DATE OF BIRTH = Before 20 BC
PLACE OF BIRTH =
DATE OF DEATH = After AD 39
PLACE OF DEATH = Gaul

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Herod Antipas — [an′ti pas΄] died A.D. 40?; tetrarch of Galilee ( c. 4 B.C. A.D. 39): son of Herod (the Great) …   English World dictionary

  • Herod Antipas — /an ti pas / died after A.D. 39, ruler of Galilee, A.D. 4 39: ordered the execution of John the Baptist and participated in the trial of Jesus. * * * born 21 BC died AD 39 Son of Herod the Great and tetrarch of Galilee (4 BC–AD 39) throughout… …   Universalium

  • Herod Antipas — /hɛrəd ˈæntɪpæs/ (say heruhd antipas) noun 1. died after AD 39, ruler of Galilee AD 4–39; executed John the Baptist and presided at the trial of Jesus. –phrase 2. out Herod Herod, to out do in wickedness, violence, or ranting. {Phrase Origin:… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Herod Antipas — (20 BCE C.40 CE)    Tetrarch of Galilee and of the Judean Transjordan, son of Herod the Great. He founded Tiberias in honour of the emperor. His forbidden marriage to Herodias (wife of his half brother Philip) evoked the hostility of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Herod Antipas —    Herod s son by Malthace (Matt. 14:1; Luke 3:1, 19; 9:7; Acts 13:1). (See Antipas.) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Herod Antipas — biographical name 21 b.c. a.d. 39 son of preceding Roman tetrarch of Galilee (4 b.c. a.d. 39) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • HEROD ANTIPAS — (died 39)    ruler, or Tetrach, of Galilee and Peraea who ordered the execution of JOHN THE BAPTIST …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Herod Antipas — (died c.AD 39) ruler of Galilee (AD 4 39) who was responsible for the execution of John the Baptist and participated in the trial of Jesus …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Herod Antipas — Her′od An′ti•pas [[t]ˈæn tɪˌpæs[/t]] n. anh big died after a.d. 39, ruler of Galilee a.d. 4–39 …   From formal English to slang

  • Herod Antipas — /an ti pas / died after A.D. 39, ruler of Galilee, A.D. 4 39: ordered the execution of John the Baptist and participated in the trial of Jesus …   Useful english dictionary


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