Shanghai Pudong International Airport


Shanghai Pudong International Airport
Shanghai Pudong
International Airport

上海浦东国际机场
Shànghǎi Pǔdōng Guójì Jīchǎng
PudongAirportLogo.png
Logo of Shanghai Airport Authority
IATA: PVGICAO: ZSPD
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Shanghai Airport Authority
Serves Shanghai
Location Pudong New Area
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 4 m / 13 ft
Coordinates 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528Coordinates: 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528
Website www.shairport.com
Map
PVG is located in China
PVG
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16/34 3,800 12,467 Concrete
17L/35R 4,000 13,123 Concrete
17R/35L 3,400 11,155 Concrete
Statistics (2010)
Passengers 40,578,621
Cargo (tons) 3,227,914
Source: DAFIF,[2][3] ACI[4]

Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVGICAO: ZSPD) (SSE: 600009) (Chinese: 上海浦东国际机场) is the primary international airport serving Shanghai, China, and a major aviation hub in Asia. The other major airport in Shanghai, Hongqiao, mainly serves domestic flights. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city centre, Pudong Airport occupies a 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) site adjacent to the coastline on the eastern edge of Pudong New Area of Shanghai.

The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China. It is also an Asian-Pacific cargo hub for UPS Airlines.[5] Pudong Airport is organised around two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by three parallel runways. Current airport masterplans call for the building of a third passenger terminal, a satellite terminal and two additional runways by 2015, raising its capacity from the current 60 million passengers annually to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tonnes of air freight.[6] A station for the Shanghai Maglev Train is sited between the passenger terminals, providing the world's first commercial high-speed maglev service to downtown Pudong in 7 minutes and 20 seconds. The airport is open 24 hours, one of only a few Chinese airports to be so.

Shanghai Pudong International Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,227,914 metric tonnes handled in 2010, the airport is the world's third busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 40,578,621 passengers in 2010, making it the third busiest airport in mainland China and the 20th busiest in the world. Both passenger and cargo traffic grew by more than 27% in 2010. As China's busiest international airport,[7] about half of Pudong's passenger traffic is international.[8]

The interior of Terminal 1

Contents

History and development

Early development

Prior to the establishment of Pudong International Airport, Hongqiao International Airport was the primary airport of Shanghai. During the 1990s, the expansion of Hongqiao Airport to meet growing demand became impossible as the surrounding urban area was developing significantly, and an alternative to assume all international flights had to be sought. A suitable site was selected on the coast of the Pudong development zone to the east of Shanghai.

Construction of the first phase of the new Shanghai Pudong International Airport began in October 1997, took two years to build at a cost of RMB 12 billion (1.67 billion USD), and was opened on October 1, 1999. It covers an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Shanghai. The first phase of the airport has one 4E category runway (4000 m x 60 m) along with two parallel taxiways, an 800,000-square-metre (8,600,000 sq ft) apron, seventy-six aircraft positions and a 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) cargo warehouse.

A second runway was opened on March 17, 2005, and construction of phase two (including a second terminal, a third runway and a cargo terminal) began in December 2005 and started operation on March 26, 2008, in time for the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics. A fourth runway and a third terminal are in the planning stage. The master plan calls for a total of three terminals, two satellite halls, and five parallel runways, with an ultimate capacity of 100 million passengers per year.

Limited international services resumed at Hongqiao Airport in October 2007 with flights to Tokyo International Airport (Haneda), in November 2007 with flights to Gimpo International Airport in Seoul, in June 2010 with flights to Taipei Songshan Airport and in September 2010 with flights to Hong Kong Airport. This is believed to be a major effort to provide convenience to business travelers, a practice already in place between Haneda and Gimpo for years. Hongqiao, Haneda, Gimpo, and Songshan are much closer to their respective metro centers than their newer but remote international gateways Pudong, Narita, Incheon, and Taoyuan.

Expansion

The plan for the next ambitious expansion includes the addition of the fourth and fifth runways, a Satellite concourse, larger than the size of both of the current terminals combined, and additional cargo terminals will expand the size of Pudong International Airport. Land reclamation will be included for the fifth runway and some of the cargo terminals. This next expansion will be completed by 2015 and will make Pudong one of the world's largest airports by land size.

Recently, China Southern Airlines stated that Shanghai Pudong International Airport will be home to its five Airbus A380s, however there is no statement if China Southern Airlines will have a hub in Shanghai Pudong International Airport.

Composition

The airport has 70 boarding bridges along with 218 parking positions. Three runways are in operation: one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway—4E rating—with six taxiways, one 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runway—4F rating—with four taxiways and one 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runway—4F rating—with six taxiways.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999 along with a 4000m runway and including a cargo hub. It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport's traffic. Terminal 1 is shaped like Kansai International Airport's terminal, but it is shorter and with 28 gates, 13 of which are double decker gates. The exterior of the terminal is shaped like waves. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covering an area of 280,000 square meters. Terminal 1 has received some controversy about the lack of shopping stalls, the pricing of the shops, confusing locations of restrooms, the escalators and passenger difficulty of moving through the terminal.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2, opened on 26 March 2008, along with the third runway, gives a capacity of 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tonnes of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like the 1st terminal but it has more of a seagull shaping, rather than a wave shape and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 will be used for Air China, Shanghai Airlines and other Star Alliance members but it is known that some SkyTeam and Oneworld members will relocate their operations to the terminal.Terminal 2, located behind Terminal 1, opened on March 26, 2008 (same day as the official opening of Terminal 3 at Beijing Capital International Airport), adding an additional capacity of 40 million passengers a year. Once phase two is fully complete, it will give Pudong a capacity of 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tonnes of cargo annually.[9] A transportation center will be added to connect passengers between Terminal 1 and 2 in the future.

Shanghai Airlines moved to Terminal 2 upon its opening on March 26, 2008 with 14 other airlines, including Air India, Northwest Airlines, Qatar Airways, Alitalia, British Airways, Qantas, Virgin Atlantic Airways, Philippine Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Transaero Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Aerosvit Airlines, Garuda Indonesia and Royal Nepal Airlines. Fellow Star Alliance partners Air Canada, Air China, Air New Zealand, ANA, Asiana Airlines, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways and United Airlines have moved on April 29, 2008[10] along with other airlines, involving 33 airlines in all now operating at Terminal 2.[9]

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
Aeroméxico Mexico City, San José del Cabo [ends 7 January], Tijuana [resumes 12 January] 2
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 2
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guilin, Guiyang, Jiuzhaigou, Melbourne, Milan-Malpensa, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle [resumes 10 March 2012], Qingdao, Sendai, Shenzhen, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Yichang, Yinchuan 2
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air India Delhi, Mumbai 2
Air Koryo Seasonal: Pyongyang 2
Air Macau Macau 2
Air Mauritius MauritiusNote 1 2
Air New Zealand Auckland 2
Airphil Express Kalibo 2
All Nippon Airways Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Nagoya-Centrair
2
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Los Angeles 2
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 2
Cebu Pacific Manila 2
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan 1
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Busan, Changchun, Chengdu, Chifeng, Chongqing, Daegu, Dalian, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fukushima, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hamburg, Hanoi, Harbin, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Huai'an, Jeju, Jiayuguan, Kagoshima, Komatsu, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Lhasa, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Matsuyama, Melbourne, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nagasaki, Nagoya-Centrair, Naha, Nanchang, Nanjing, New York-JFK, Niigata, Ningbo, Okayama, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Qingdao, Rome-Fiumicino, Saipan, Sanya, Sapporo-Chitose, Seoul-Incheon, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, Yan'an, Yancheng, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan, Zhuhai 1
China Southern Airlines Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Guangzhou, Haikou, Harbin, Jiamusi, Kunming, Mudanjiang, Nagoya-Centrair, Nanning, Qiqihar, Sanya, Seoul-Incheon, Shantou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei-Taoyuan, Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai 2
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing 2
Continental Airlines Newark 2
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Tokyo-Narita 2
Dragonair Hong Kong 2
Emirates Dubai 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [begins 2 March 2012][11] 2
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan 2
Finnair Helsinki 2
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta 2
Grand China Express Dongying, Weifang 1
Hainan Airlines Brussels [ends 1 January], Haikou, Istanbul-Ataturk [ends 1 December], Lanzhou, Shenzhen, Urumqi [ends 1 December], Xi'an 1
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong 2
Hong Kong Express Airways Hong Kong 2
Japan Airlines Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita 1
Japan Airlines operated by JAL Express Osaka-Kansai 1
Jin Air Jeju 2
Juneyao Airlines Baotou, Beihai, Changchun, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guilin, Harbin, Hong Kong, Macau, Manzhouli, Nanchang, Sanya, Shenyang, Shijazhuang, Tongliao, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Yichang, Zhuhai
Seasonal: Hailar
1
KLM Amsterdam 1
Korean Air Busan, Seoul-Incheon 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 2
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 2
Mega Maldives Malé 2
Philippine Airlines Manila 2
Qantas Sydney 2
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen [resumes 2 March 2012][12][13] 2
Shandong Airlines Qingdao 2
Shanghai Airlines Anqing, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Da Nang, Dalian, Denpasar/Bali, Haikou, Harbin, Hong Kong, Jiayuguan, Jinzhou, Macau, Male, Mudanjiang, Osaka-Kansai, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Qinhuangdao, Qingdao, Sanya, Seoul-Incheon, Shenyang, Taipei-Songshan, Tangshan, Toyama, Wanzhou, Weihai, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Yantai, Zhangjiajie 2
Shenzhen Airlines Jinjiang/Quanzhou, Nanchang 1
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing
Charter: Saipan
1
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
Spring Airlines Changchun, Chongqing, Dalian, Harbin, Hong Kong, Ibaraki, Macau, Nanning, Shenyang, Takamatsu, Xi'an, Xiamen, Zhangjiajie
Seasonal: Guilin, Haikou, Sanya
1
SriLankan Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Colombo 1
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2
Transasia Airways Taichung, Taipei-Songshan, Taipei-Taoyuan 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Los Angeles, San Francisco 2
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City 2
Virgin Atlantic Airways London-Heathrow 2
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Quanzhou/Jinjiang, Wuyishan, Xiamen 1
Zest Airways Cebu, Kalibo 1

Notes:

  • ^Note 1 : Air Mauritius's flight from Shanghai to Mauritius has a stopover in Kuala Lumpur. However, Air Mauritius has no rights to transport passengers solely between Shanghai and Kuala Lumpur.
Cities with international airlink to Shanghai Pudong International Airport

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot-Cargo Novosibirsk
Air Cargo Germany Frankfurt-Hahn
Air China Cargo Beijing-Capital, Copenhagen, Los Angeles, Milan-Malpensa, Manchester, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Portland (OR), Vienna
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Hong Kong Hong Kong
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Krasnoyarsk
ANA & JP Express
Atlas Air Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Honolulu, Melbourne, New York-JFK, Sydney
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cargo Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong
China Airlines Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Milan-Malpensa, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Seoul-Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, St.Louis [14], Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Xiamen[15]
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam, Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Vancouver,[16] Vienna
Emirates SkyCargo Almaty, Dubai
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi, Chennai
EVA Air Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
FedEx Express Anchorage, Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou, Memphis
Finnair Cargo operated by World Airways Helsinki
Great Wall Airlines Amsterdam, Manchester
Jade Cargo International Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chennai, Chicago, Dubai, Frankfurt, Barcelona, Geneva, Istanbul-Ataturk, Kaunas, Milan-Malpensa, Mumbai, Shenzhen
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Martinair Cargo / KLM Cargo Amsterdam, Moscow-Sheremetyevo
MASkargo Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Kuala Lumpur, Penang, Tashkent
MNG Airlines Istanbul-Ataturk
Nippon Cargo Airlines Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Polar Air Cargo Osaka-Kansai
SAS Cargo Group Beijing-Capital, Copenhagen
Saudi Arabian Airlines Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Jeddah, Riyadh
Shanghai Airlines Cargo
Singapore Airlines Cargo Los Angeles, Singapore
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk
TNT Airways Liège, Singapore
UPS Airlines Almaty, Anchorage, Chengdu, Cologne/Bonn, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Shenzhen, Tokyo-Narita, Warsaw
Volga-Dnepr Abakan
Yanda Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Yangtze River Express Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chicago-O'Hare

Ground transportation

A maglev train exiting the airport
Metro Line 2 links between city centre and the airport

Transrapid constructed the first commercial high-speed maglev railway in the world, from the Pudong International Airport to Longyang Road Metro station. It was inaugurated in 2002. It has a peak speed of 431 km/h and a track length of 30 km. A transportation center will be built in Phase 3, and will become operational in 2015. The extension of the Shanghai Metro Line 2 to Pudong International Airport has been completed. Pudong International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao Airport are linked by subway.

Incidents and accidents

  • On May 13, 2006, A China Eastern Airbus A340-600 (Tail number B6055), flight 5042 from Seoul to Shanghai suffered tire bursts on all of its main landing gears. None of the 232 passengers were hurt.[18]
  • On the morning of November 28, 2009, An Avient McDonnell Douglas MD-11F cargo plane registered to Zimbabwe (Reg: Z-BAV) departing for Kyrgyzstan crashed into a warehouse near the runway of the airport due to a tailstrike that caught fire during takeoff and broke into several pieces with seven people on board. Three people died and four were injured.[19][20][21]

Photo gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.pressroom.ups.com/Fact+Sheets/UPS+Air+Operations+Facts
  2. ^ Airport information for ZSPD at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  3. ^ Airport information for PVG at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  4. ^ Passenger Traffic 2010 FINAL
  5. ^ UPS Air Operations Facts
  6. ^ Shanghai Airport reports profit growth, despite big investments in massive new facilities at Pudong – China Airlines, Airports and Aviation News. Chinaaviation.aero (2008-03-11). Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  7. ^ "Top international routes in China and India. Shanghai Pudong and Delhi dominate". CAPA. September 13, 2011. http://www.centreforaviation.com/analysis/top-international-routes-in-china-and-india-shanghai-pudong-and-mumbai-dominate-58671. 
  8. ^ "From obscurity, Guangzhou and Shanghai Pudong airports move up rankings". CAPA. June 3, 2011. http://www.centreforaviation.com/news/2011/06/03/from-obscurity-guangzhou-and-shanghai-pudong-airports-move-up-rankings/page1. 
  9. ^ a b Dermot Davitt Shanghai Pudong International Airport begins new era with opening of Terminal Two 26/03/08, Source: The Moodie Report
  10. ^ Travel News Your Way. e-Travel Blackboard. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  11. ^ http://www.etihadairways.com/sites/Etihad/cn/en/aboutetihad/mediacenter/newslisting/newsdetails/Pages/new-shanghai-service-continues-etihad-china-expansion-Jul11.aspx?fromNewsListing=true
  12. ^ "Airline Routes". Air Transport World. 9 June 2011. http://atwonline.com/airports-routes/news/airline-routes-0608. Retrieved 29 June 2011. "Scandinavian Airlines will relaunch five-times-weekly Airbus A340-300 Copenhagen-Shanghai Pudong service March 1, 2012." 
  13. ^ "SAS launches Copenhagen-Shanghai in March 2012" (Press release). SAS Group. 8 June 2011. http://se.yhp.waymaker.net/sasgroup/release.asp?id=228213. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  14. ^ http://www.stltoday.com/business/local/article_dfdce377-a2ba-58a0-a673-e30f140caf29.html
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ Photos: Boeing 747-4R7F/SCD Aircraft Pictures. Airliners.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  18. ^ Photos: Airbus A340-642 Aircraft Pictures. Airliners.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  19. ^ Cargo plane crashes at Shanghai airport – Xinhua. Reuters. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  20. ^ 浦东机场货机坠毁现场浓烟滚滚(组图)_新浪航空航天_新浪网. Mil.news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  21. ^ Report: Three dead in cargo plane crash in Shanghai | CNN.com

External links


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