Bridgend


Bridgend

infobox UK place
country = Wales
welsh_name=Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr
constituency_welsh_assembly=
latitude= 51.5072
longitude= -03.5784
official_name= Bridgend
unitary_wales= Bridgend
lieutenancy_wales= Mid Glamorgan
constituency_westminster= Bridgend
post_town= BRIDGEND
postcode_district = CF31-33, CF35
postcode_area= CF
dial_code= 01656
os_grid_reference= SS905805
population= 39,429

Bridgend ( _cy. Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr) is a town in the Country Borough of Bridgend in Wales. It is midway between Cardiff and Swansea. The river crossed by the original bridge which gave the town its name is the River Ogmore but the River Ewenny also passes to the south of the town. Historically a part of Glamorgan, Bridgend has greatly expanded in size since the early 1980s and had a population of 39,429 in 2001. [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/census2001/ks_ua_ew_part1.pdf]

History

Prehistoric and Roman

Several prehistoric burial mounds have been found in the vicinity of Bridgend suggesting that the area was settled before Roman times. The A48 between Bridgend and Cowbridge has a portion, known locally as "Crack Hill", a Roman road. The Vale of Glamorgan would have been a natural low-level route west to the Roman fort and harbour at Neath ("Nidum") from settlements in the east like Cardiff and Caerleon ("Isca").

The Norman invasion

After the Norman conquest of Anglo Saxon England in 1066, the new establishment looked westwards in the following decades to create new seats for lords loyal to William The Conqueror. Groups of Norman barons arrived in Wales and in the south and east created what would later become the Welsh Marches, while the north and west remained largely unconquered due to the harsh terrain.

At Coity, the local Welsh chieftain Morgan Gam already had a stronghold. Sometime in the 11th century Norman Lord Payn de Turberville approached Morgan to turn over control of the Coity Castle to de Turberville but only if he (de Turberville) either fought Morgan for the land, or took his daughter Sybil's hand in marriage. Turberville married Sybil and became Lord of Coity, rebuilding the castle [http://www.castlewales.com/coity.html] .

In 1106, Newcastle Castle (on Newcastle Hill, overlooking the town centre) and Ogmore Castle(1116) were built by Robert Fitzhamon and William de Londres respectively [http://www.bgfl.bridgend.gov.uk/Resources/History/BCBC%20history/BH%20main1.htm] . About convert|2|mi|km north-east of Ogmore Castle, Maurice de Londres founded the fortified BenedictineEwenny Priory in 1141 [http://www.ewenny.org.uk/] .

These three castles provided a "defensive triangle" for the area. (A quadrilateral if you include Ewenny Priory.)

Early development

Bridgend itself developed at a ford on the River Ogmore, which was on the main route between east and west Wales. Just north of the town, there is the confluence of three rivers, the River Ogmore, the Llynfi River and the Garw River. South of Bridgend the River Ewenny merges with the River Ogmore and flows into the Bristol Channel. In the 15th century, a stone bridge was built to connect permanently each side of the River Ogmore (later rebuilt). Originally this bridge had four arches but in the 18th century a massive flood washed two of them away. The rest of the bridge still stands and still remains a focal point of the town, with aesthetic restoration taking place in 2006.

Bridgend grew rapidly into an agricultural town important to many of the local farmers. Although still small by today's standards it became an important market town, a tag that remained with it well into the late 20th century.

The industrial era

The discovery of coal in the South Wales Valleys north of Bridgend would have a massive impact on the town. The first coal mining operations opened north of Bridgend in the 17th century, with the Llynfi Valley being the first to be industrialised. Bridgend itself never had coal deposits and remained a market town for some time, but the valleys of the three rivers grew into an important part of the South Wales coalfields. Ironworks and brickworks (notably at Tondu) were also established in the same period, by John Bedford, although the ironworks faltered after his death and ceased operating entirely in 1836.

The Great Western Railway arrived and Bridgend was at the junction between the main London to Fishguard line and the branch to the three valleys. Coal trains regularly sent coal down the valleys and with the opening of the Vale of Glamorgan railway, coal could be sent directly to port at Barry or through other branch lines to Porthcawl.

Bridgend itself saw several quarries open in and around the town centre, the remnants of which, (near Brackla) can still be seen today. An engine works was opened in the town and a larger farmers' market also opened in the town centre, where it remained until the 1970s.

In 1801, the population of Bridgend County was around 6000. By the beginning of the 20th century this had risen to 61,000. By this time Bridgend was a bustling market town with prosperous valleys to the north, a thriving community and good links to other towns and cities.

The Second World War

Bridgend played an important part during the Second World War. It was home to a prisoner of war camp at Island Farm and a large munitions factory (ROF Bridgend — known as the "Admiralty") at Waterton, as well as a large underground munitions storage base at Brackla (known as the 8 xs). This was an overspill of the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich.

At its peak the Arsenal had 40,000 workers, many of them women. Large numbers of them were transported by bus from the Rhondda and the valleys. At the time the Arsenal was the largest factory (employee-wise) ever in the UK.

The factory complex had three sites in Bridgend, all linked together by a huge network of railways. There are many reminders of the factory sites left to this day [http://www.bracklaordnance.co.uk/ Brackla Ordnance Site] .

In 1945, seventy prisoners of war from Island Farm managed to escape through a tunnel although all were recaptured. While Bridgend was as important during the war as any other part of Wales, and although it "was" photographed by the Luftwaffe, it was never "blitzed". This was largely due to the area's air pocket, which made bombing extremely hazardous for incoming planes. The close proximity of the P.O.W. camp at Island Farm may have been something of a deterrent as well. Unlike Bridgend, both Swansea and Cardiff did not escape such massive attacks but the area immediately around Bridgend did suffer bombing raids. Had Bridgend been bombed it would have likely been a massive blow to munitions supplies to the allies and could have changed the course of the war in the Axis' favour.

The Admiralty ceased full scale production in December 1945 after 5 years. Two of the munitions storage magazines in the Brackla ROF site were converted to a RGHQ (Regional Government Headquarters) during the Cold War as part of the UK continuity of government plans. It is now in the hands of a private company. See Subterranea Britannica for more information on the [http://www.subbrit.org.uk/rsg/sites/b/brackla/index.html Brackla RGHQ] .

Post-war

Bridgend remained a solid market town after the war. In 1948, Newbridge Fields (a short distance from the town centre) hosted the 1948 National Eisteddfod.

In 1960, the River Ogmore burst its banks and flooded the town centre. Subsequent floods and extreme weather led the Welsh Water Authority to develop concrete flood defence walls along the banks of the River Ogmore in the town centre. The town centre has not been flooded since. During this time Bridgend was chosen to become the headquarters for South Wales Police. This action was ideal as geographically, Bridgend stands equidistantly between both Swansea to the west and Cardiff to the east.

The Beeching cuts of the 1960s saw the loss of passenger rail links in the Vale of Glamorgan and to the northern valleys. The Vale of Glamorgan link to Barry via Rhoose was re-instated in June 2005.

In the 1970s, Bridgend would begin to see the catalyst of arguably its biggest growth period. The "missing section" of the M4 motorway was constructed around the town, plans were afoot to change the Waterton Admiralty into an industrial estate, and the water supply was improved including new sewage treatment works near Ogmore. Two major multinational corporations, the Ford Motor Company and Sony set up factories in, or on the outskirts of the new Bridgend Industrial Estate (former Waterton Arsenal).

During the 1980s with the development of the Brackla Housing Estate the future of Bridgend seemed bright.Fact|date=April 2007 By the 1990s the estate had grown to become the largest privately-owned housing estate in Europe.Fact|date=April 2007 Further new housing developments at Broadlands to the south-west of the town centre and the continuing expansion of Brackla to the north-east has caused Bridgend's population to swell dramatically. Due to this, traffic congestion and a lack of parking facilities within the town have become important issues in the area. In 1997 a new link road/bypass was built to link the town centre directly to the M4 motorway as well as redirect traffic around the town centre.

The closure of the Welsh coal industry brought mass-unemployment and social problems to the valleys to the north.Fact|date=April 2007 However, this led to a greater general standard of living for many in the areas previously dominated by coal mining but many of the problems stemming from unemployment, including drug-use and economic inactivity still remain today.Fact|date=April 2007 By the late 1980s all coal mines in the area had ceased operations and the former mine workers either commuted or moved to central Bridgend to work at the newly-developed industrial estates.Fact|date=April 2007 This was typical for much of South Wales which was at the time moving from a mining-based economy and into a new service, electronic, manufacturing and textile-based one.Fact|date=April 2007

A new Securicor operated prison (HM Parc Prison) was built near Coity in the late 1990s. The prison opened in November 1997 and is the only private prison in Wales.Fact|date=April 2007

The local council started a scheme to pedestrianise the town centre, which has been met with criticism by the traders and shoppers alike because of what they consider to be poor construction, design and access.Fact|date=April 2007 Excessive car parking charges as well as the dominance of UK retail giant Tesco in and around the area (two large superstores and one small convenience Tesco Express store) has led Bridgend to be jokingly called "a little town beyond Tesco" (cf Little England beyond Wales).Fact|date=April 2007

Competition from Cardiff and Swansea in terms of retail choice and ease of access has led to the town becoming a less popular choice with local people.Fact|date=April 2007

The construction of an award-winning new bus station in 2004 and a rethink to traffic movement around the town centre has seen a halt to the decline.Fact|date=April 2007 Local committees, together with the council started to use the pedestrianisation of the town centre to its advantage, culminating in several popular fairs including Continental Markets, Celtic Festivals, a small Mardi-Gras and seasonal markets and events.

Future development

Bridgend is still seen by many as a "scruffy" town.Fact|date=April 2007 Objective 1 investment in regeneration of some of the more untidy parts of the town has understandably been welcomed.Fact|date=April 2007 One scheme is to create a "riverside culture" by constructing a walkway along the River Ogmore near the old bridge, opening up the rear of properties facing the river.Fact|date=April 2007 £2million has been secured and it is hoped the scheme will be completed by 2009.Fact|date=April 2007

To counteract the dominance of Tesco in the area, ASDA was given planning permission and have built a new superstore near the town centre, opposite Bridgend College. The store was opened on March 31st 2008 at 10pm by the Local Mayor, the MP, and players from Bridgend Ravens. Over 1500 customers were thought to have walked through the new doors to take a look around the new store. At the nearby Brackla Street Centre, plans have been drawn up for a residential/retail mixed redevelopment. However a similar development was withdrawn a few years ago.Fact|date=April 2007

Construction on a 1500-home sustainable "village" at Parc Derwen near Coity is due to begin imminently.Fact|date=April 2007 The scheme has been painstakingly planned and although there are concerns from Coity in particular, this may soften the urban sprawl that has affected Brackla and Broadlands bridgend.Fact|date=April 2007

Ambitious plans for a 20000-seat stadium, hotel and railway station at Wern Ddu near the M4 motorway north of Bridgend and near Tondu have been submitted. [http://www.keyworkerhomeswales.co.uk/stadium-and-hotel.html] An equally ambitious scheme for a 650-home "Garden Village" of affordable housing, community facilities and distributor road to the north-west of the town has also been submitted by the same company, Keyworker Homes. [http://www.keyworkerhomeswales.co.uk/llangewydd-garden-village.html] It is highly unlikely either of these projects will be given the go ahead due to the lack of top-level sport in the area, comparable facilities in nearby Swansea and Cardiff, flooding risk, and that the latter development is on green-belt land.Fact|date=April 2007

Politics

The local Member of Parliament is Madeleine Moon (Labour), the Welsh Assembly Member for Bridgend is Carwyn Jones AM (Labour) along with regional AMs (South West Wales) Alun Cairns (Conservative), Dai Lloyd (Plaid Cymru), Janet Davies (Plaid Cymru) and Peter Black (Liberal Democrat). The Labour party secured victory in the recent local elctions (May 2008), ousting the Rainbow Alliance. The current leader of the council is Cllr Mel Nott.

Economy

Bridgend and nearby Neath Port Talbot recovered quickly from the decline of traditional industries, particularly coal-mining due to other alternative forms of employment. Wages are generally higher here than in other parts of the South Wales valleys. There are large industrial estates at Bridgend and Waterton (formerly Waterton Admiralty) which host a number of small scale and multi-national companies, mainly manufacturing. The biggest single employer (outside of the public sector) in the area is probably the Ford Motor Company's engine plant near Waterton after Sony's closure of the Bridgend plant and downsizing of the Pencoed plant. It is hoped other businesses will relocate to the sites. Other manufacturers to have pulled out of the area include Wrigley Company's. Job losses resulting from the closure of RAF St Athan next year will also affect the town hard as many of the workers live in and around Bridgend.

There are successes, IT Consultancy Group Logica opened an office in Bridgend (which has since been expanded) and several companies have moved to new office complexes on the outskirts of Bridgend. German retailer Lidl has also set up its Welsh headquarters and distribution site at Waterton. Zoobiotic, a medicinal maggot therapy company has its facility near Bridgend town centre. Also, since 1983, famous dart board producer Winmau has based its global headquarters in Bridgend.

Bridgend (like Wales in general) suffers from a lack of high-wage service jobs, however the retail sector in particular provides a large proportion of employment in the town and borough.

Transport

Bridgend railway station has regular services to London & Cardiff Central railway station to the east, Swansea & West Wales to the west and Maesteg to the north. There are also services to Manchester and North Wales. Bridgend is the western terminus of the Vale of Glamorgan Line which reopened to passenger traffic in 2005.

Wildmill railway station, approximately convert|1|mi|km|sing=on north of Bridgend railway station serves the estates of Wildmill, Pendre and Litchard and is on the Bridgend-Maesteg branch line. A park and ride station at Brackla, about convert|1.5|mi|km south-east of Bridgend railway station is planned and is due to be constructed once capacity improvements have been made to the South Wales Main Line. Services to a new railway station in Llanharan began in December 2007, with an official opening expected in February 2008. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/7134665.stm BBC NEWS | Wales | Village back on track 43 years on ] ]

The new Bridgend bus station has regular buses to major urban and rural areas in South Wales although there has been recent damning criticism of the services, particularly on a Sunday. This has changed a little thanks to funding from the Welsh Assembly Government and Bridgend County Borough council with almost all areas of the town and its surrounding areas having an hourly bus service at least with most Sunday services running at an hourly frequencyfact|date=February 2008.

There are plans for a new bus/taxi/train integrated transport system at Bridgend railway station.Fact|date=December 2007 Bus stops are found throughout the town. Bridgend has several licensed taxi-firms and taxis can be found near the bus and railway stations as well as taxi ranks in the town centre.

A new east-west cycle route has been constructed from Brackla through to Broadlands and into Cefn Glas. Most roads are safe enough to cycle on although at peak times, most areas near roundabouts in particular are hazardous without due care. Bridgend is on the National Cycle Route and there are off-road spurs from the Celtic Trail to the town centre and a community route in the Ogmore Valley. Glyncorrwg and the Afan Valley about convert|12|mi|km north of Bridgend near Maesteg is famed for its mountain bike trails, considered amongst the best in Europe.

For scheduled and charted air travel for the county, Bridgend is served by Cardiff International Airport, to which there are direct rail and bus services.

Education

Bridgend town has 2 comprehensive schools, Brynteg Comprehensive and Bryntirion Comprehensive. Brynteg generally serves the area east of the River Ogmore, while Bryntirion serves the areas west of the river. Brynteg is renowned for its rugby alumni, with many talented athletes in other local schools joining Brynteg for the opportunities offered by playing for the school within the Welsh School Rugby Union Leagues. The school has produced several Welsh rugby union internationals but prominent athletes in other sports have also attended, including top female cyclist Nicole Cooke. Bryntirion has also produced its fair share of sporting talent, notably Gareth Llewellyn and triathlete Marc Jenkins. Bryntirion also has a reputation in the area for the quality of its musical productions.Fact|date=September 2008

There are also 2 other comprehensive schools in the Bridgend area, Archbishop McGrath Comprehensive and Ynysawdre Comprehensive. The two schools are situated across from each other, and are fierce rivals in almost every aspect and also share a rivalry with Ogmore Comprehensive School.Fact|date=September 2008

There are at least 9 primary, junior schools and infant schools in the town.

There are also 2 special educational needs schools; Heronsbridge School which is linked with Brynteg Comprehensive school and at the back of Bridgend College. It is for students of a Primary school age and Comprehensive school age with severe learning disabilities. Another school, Ysgol Bryn Castell, offers education for Key stage 1-4 students with moderate to severe learning disabilities and is linked with Bryntirion Comprehensive school and has also recently opened up a satellite unit at Cynffig Comprehensive school located a few miles west of Bridgend.

Bridgend College is the town's further education and higher education provider which primarily offers vocational courses, access courses, GCSEs and A-Levels. It attracts school-leavers from as far as Swansea and Cardiff. It offers a range of higher education courses such as PGCE, Higher National Certificate and Higher National Diploma in various subjects and masters programmes on its Queens Road campus on Bridgend Industrial Estate. These are mainly franchised from the University of Glamorgan and University of Wales, Newport. There is also the Pencoed Campus with a focus on Sport, Agriculture and Horticulture and Maesteg and Porthcawl Campuses that offer more community based programmes.

Bridgend College has its own residence for students aged 16+ with learning disabilities who come to the college from all over Wales.

Health

Since the closure and redevelopment of Bridgend General Hospital in the 1990s, acute-care and accident and emergency services have been provided by the Princess of Wales Hospital. GP's surgeries are scattered throughout the town, as are dentists. There is also a large psychiatric hospital, Glanrhyd Hospital, near Pen-y-Fai.

pate of youth suicides

Bridgend has recently seen a dramatic increase in the suicide rate amongst young people, with 23 people aged between 15 and 30 committing suicide in little over a year; for both 2005 and 2006 this figure was just three per year. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/7252732.stm BBC NEWS | Wales | Teenager's body found in Bridgend ] ] On Friday 15 February 2008 15-year old Nathaniel Pritchard and cousin, 20-year old Kelly Stephenson became the 15th and 16th young persons in Bridgend, in a year, to commit suicide by hanging. Nathaniel Prichard 'harmed himself' and was rushed to hospital, where he died later in hospital. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/7247421.stm Young cousins 'are found hanged'] , BBC Wales, 2008-02-15] Seven of the victims knew one another and police are investigating whether social networking websites such as Bebo may have influenced them in committing these suicides. However, it was established early on that many of the youngsters who took their life had never used a computer and lacked any interest in the internet. A recent meeting held in the town centre invited the Press Complaints Commission along who faced heavy criticism that they had "hyped" the story up and it was felt by many that this had almost certainly led to some of the later suicides. [cite web|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2008/jan/23/news1?gusrc=rss&feed=networkfront|title=Coroner baffled at spate of suicides|accessdate=2008-01-23] [cite web|url=http://technology.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/the_web/article3237990.ece|title=MP warns against social networking sites after suicides|accessdate=2008-01-23] South Wales Police have played down "links" between the deaths but said they were looking into a number of sudden deaths in the area.On Tuesday 19 February a dog walker found 16-year old Jenna Parry dead in Cefn Cribwr, near Bridgend.

Culture

hopping and visits

In the town centre the main retail shopping areas are the Rhiw Shopping Centre (containing Bridgend Market, Adare Street, Caroline Street, Derwen Road, Nolton Street, Queen Street, Dunraven Place, Market Street and Cheapside (home of the Brackla Street Centre and ASDA store.) Most high street chain store names can be found in and around the town centre (with one or two exceptions), these areas are within close proximity to the bus and railway stations as are pay and display car parks. The prices at the car parks have been a contentious issue. There are out-of-town shopping areas at Waterton, near the A473, which contains a B&Q amongst others, Cowbridge Road, home of the larger of the town's two Tesco stores, and at The Derwen, Junction 36 of the M4, home to Sainsbury's and the Bridgend Designer Outlet, which has many brand names stores selling products at discounted prices, and Odeon Cinema. Ample free parking is provided at the out-of-town sites.

Nightlife

There are numerous public houses and restaurants within the town centre. There is only one specific nightclub, Elements, formerly Lava-Ignite, although a few of the pubs double up as nightclubs or specifically create a nightclub atmosphere, notably The Roof & Barracuda/Tuskers.

Bridgend town centre is generally safe although there are incidences of alcohol-fuelled binge drinking anti-social behaviour like any other British town of Bridgend's size. CCTV is in operation throughout the town centre and there is usually a South Wales Police presence of some form.

Music

Bridgend is home to plenty of punk rock, indie rock, screamo, heavy metal & emo music acts that are playing the clubs of the area, making it a prominent part of the South Wales music scene.Fact|date=September 2008 The bands Funeral for a Friend, Lostprophets, Hondo Maclean, Miss Conduct and Bullet for My Valentine (formerly known as Jeff Killed John) began their careers by playing venues in Bridgend such as the local Recreation Centre. There are several smaller, intimate venues in and around the town centre including Bar Inc, PS Bar, The Railway Inn, The Barracuda and Saphire (formally known as Careys), which all host a number of open-mic nights. Bryan Adams played to a 15,000 crowd at Brewery Field in the town centre on 2 June 2006, Fall Out Boy and Enter Shikari have also played at the biggest local venue - The Recreation Centre.

Sport

For many years, Bridgend was a hotbed of rugby union, but the rugby league code is now the town's primary sport with Celtic Crusaders now running the famous Brewery Field. The side are sometimes considered to be a replacement for the Celtic Warriors rugby union side after their controversial disbanding in 2004 but have built up a loyal following in their own right. The Crusaders will take part in National League One in 2008 after gaining promotion from NL2 in 2007 and are aiming to be in Super League by 2009.

In the regionalisation of Welsh Rugby Union in 2003, Bridgend RFC and Pontypridd RFC merged to form the Celtic Warriors. The area represented was massive and there are obvious communication and transport problems in sharing the respective grounds. The decision was made to move the club permanently to the Brewery Field because current Crusaders owner Leighton Samuel, who then owned the Warriors, was the primary leaseholder. Attendances at Warriors matches had been poor but were showing signs of recovery in 2004. But despite a strong finish to the Celtic League season, the region was disbanded to the shock of everyone involved. Professional rugby union in Bridgend and the valleys ended in an instant. The people of the areas involved now have to identify with teams outside the locality, support their semi professional Welsh Premiership team the Bridgend Ravens or some have even switched to rugby league. Bridgend's second rugby league side is the Bridgend Blue Bulls, the current Welsh Conference champions and one the UK's most successful amateur clubs having won two national amateur titles in four years. The Bulls played at Coychurch Road but following the announcement about the setting up of the Celtic Crusaders they were invited to play at the Brewery Field by the owner Leighton Samuel. Unfortunately one year on they were unceremoniously refused permission to continue playing at the Brewery Field by Mr Leighton Samuel in the middle of the season. They were helped out at the last minute by Porthcawl RFC and staged the remaining 2006 home games there. Their home ground for 2007 is under discussion but it will not be the Brewery Field.

Bridgend Ravens are a new rugby union club in the town. Formed out of the ashes of the original Bridgend RFC in 2004 following Bridgend RFC's owner Leighton Samuel taking the decision to withdraw from the Rugby Union. The original company was finally wound up by its owner Leighton Samuel due to mounting debts in 2006. The Bridgend Ravens side are semi-professional, play in the Welsh Premiership and rent the Brewery Field from the Crusaders in the winter months. But most importantly they are debt free. Bridgend is also home to other rugby union sides including Bridgend Athletic RFC, Bridgend Sports RFC and South Wales Police RFC. Bridgend has two main football (soccer) teams, Bridgend Town F.C., and Bryntirion Athletic F.C., both sides play in the Welsh Football League First Division. Bridgend Town FC currently play at Lock's Lane in Porthcawl due to having to move away from its Coychurch Road ground due to a the recently-completed road and housing estate on the ground in conjunction with the new ASDA store. Phil Dwyer, all-time record appearance holder of Cardiff City F.C., managed Bridgend Town for a short spell.

Bridgend also has local cricket clubs, golf courses and tennis & bowls facilities at the local club, the Bridgend Lawn Tennis and Bowls Association.

Eisteddfodau

Bridgend hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1948 and 1998. The 1998 Eisteddfod was actually hosted in the nearby village of Pencoed, an outskirting suburb of Bridgend.

Media

Bridgend has its own commercial radio station: 106.3 Bridge FM, and is the base of Celtica radio. The main local newspaper is "The Glamorgan Gazette". Recently, a website called [http://www.go-bridgend.co.uk Go-Bridgend] has provided an aggregated news service; mainly focusing on local businesses.

Twinning

Bridgend has twinning arrangements with:
* Langenau, Germany
* Villenave-d'Ornon, France

At the last attempt, no delegates from Langenau were found to undertake a cultural swap with Bridgend.

Residents of note

* Downtown Julie Brown (Actress)
* Bullet for My Valentine (Band)
* Paul Burston (Author/Journalist)
* Nicole Cooke (Cyclist)
* Ryan Day (Snooker Player)
* Rhys Day (Footballer)
* Deddie Davies (Actor)
* Mark Donovan (Actor)
* Huw Edwards (BBC newsreader)
* David Emanuel (fashion designer)
* Funeral for a Friend (Band)
* Scott Gibbs (Rugby player)
* Hondo Maclean (Band)
* Michael Hall (Rugby player)
* Robert Howley (Rugby player)
* Howard Marks (Author)
* Andrew Murphy (Rocket scientist)
* Gavin Henson (Rugby player)
* Marc Jenkins (Olympic Triathlete)
* Carwyn Jones (Senior Welsh politician)
* Ruth Jones (Actress)
* Gareth Llewellyn (Rugby player)
* Sean McCarthy (Footballer)
* The Partisans (Band)
* Gareth Thomas (Rugby player)
* Helen Tucker (2008 World Triathlon Champion)
* David Williams (crime writer)
* J.P.R. Williams (Rugby player)

See also

* Celtic Crusaders
* Bridgend County

References

External links

* [http://www.bridgend.gov.uk Bridgend County Borough Council]
* [http://www.bridgend.ac.uk Bridgend College]
* [http://www.crusadersrfl.com/ Celtic Crusaders RLFC]
* [http://www.bridgendravens.co.uk/home.html Bridgend RFC]
* [http://www.bridgend-town-cricket.co.uk Bridgend Town Cricket Club]
* [http://bridgend.rof.org.uk/ Bridgend Royal Ordnance Factory]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/southeast/sites/bridgend/ BBC - Bridgend Life]
* [http://www.bracklanodor.com/ Brackla Nodor International, owners of Winmau]
* [http://www.bracklaordnance.co.uk/ Brackla and Bridgend Ordnance Factories]
* [http://cspromotions.proboards19.com/ Bridgend Music]
* [http://www.opobs.co.uk Old Photographs of Bridgend]
* [http://www.go-bridgend.co.uk Need News... Go-Bridgend]


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  • Bridgend — er en by i Glamorganshire i Wales, ved Ogwr og ved Great Western Jernbanen, har jernværker og kornhandel og (1911) 8.021 indbyggere. I omegnen findes flere borgruiner (Coity Castle) …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Bridgend — 51° 30′ 26″ N 3° 34′ 42″ W / 51.5072, 3.5784 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bridgend — ▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Pen y bont Ar Ogwr        town, Bridgend county borough, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales, on the River Ogmore. It has grown up on the site of medieval riverside twin villages (Oldcastle and… …   Universalium

  • Bridgend —    1) BRIDGEND, a village, in the parish of Kilarrow, district of Islay, county of Argyll, 3 miles (N.) from Bowmore. This village is situated at the north eastern extremity of Loch Indal; and there is a good road to Port Askaig, distant, in a… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Bridgend — Original name in latin Bridgend Name in other language Bridgend, Bridgend County Borough, Bridzendas, Bridzhend, Bridendas, Pen y bont ar Ogwr, Бридженд State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.50583 latitude 3.57722 altitude 23… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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