- Staple (fastener)
A staple is a type of two-pronged
fastener, usually metal, used for joining or binding materials together. Large staples might be used with a hammeror staple gunfor fencing, masonry, roofingand cardboard boxes. Smaller staples are used with a staplerto attach pieces of paper together; such staples are a permanent and durable fastener for paper documents, unlike the paper clip.
The legs of a staple can be allowed to protrude out the back side and folded over to provide greater binding than the friction of straight legs. (Note: The term "stapling" is used for both fastening with straight or bent legs; however, when differentiating between the two, the term "tacking" is used for straight-leg stapling, while the term "stapling" is used for bent-leg stapling when being contrasted with "tacking".)
taples in the home
The most common staples are used with paper. They are almost exclusively applied with a mechanical
staplerwhich clinches the legs after they pass through the paper. Staples of this type are used with a desktop stapling machine.
When stapling with a
staplerthe papers to be fastened are placed between the main body and the anvil. The papers are pinched between the body and the anvil, then a drive blade pushes on the crown of the staple on the end of the staple strip. The staple breaks from the end of the strip and the legs of the staple are forced through the paper. As the legs hit the grooves in the anvil they are bent to hold the pages together. Many staplers have an anvil in the form of a "pinning" or "stapling" switch. This allows a choice between bending in or out. The outward bent staples are easier to remove and are for temporary fastening or "pinning".
Most staplers are capable of stapling without the anvil to drive straight leg staples for tacking.
There are various types of staples for paper, including heavy-duty staples, designed for use on documents 20, 50, or over 100 pages thick. There are also speedpoint staples, which have slightly sharper teeth so they can go through paper more easily.
taples in business
The large staples found on corrugated cardboard boxes have folded legs, but they are applied from the outside and do not use an anvil; jaw-like appendages push through the cardboard alongside the legs and bend them from the outside.
Saddle stitch staplers, also known as "booklet staplers," feature a longer reach from the pivot point than general-purpose staplers and are used to bind pages into a booklet or "signature". Some, such as the Ring King, can also use "loop-staples" that enable the user to integrate folded matter into ring books and binders.
taples in medicine
Surgical staples are used for the closing of incisions and wounds, a function also performed by sutures.
taples in construction
Construction staples are commonly larger, have a more varied use, and are delivered by a
staple gunor hammer tacker. Staple guns do not have backing anvils and are exclusively used for tacking. They typically have staples made from thicker metal. Some staple guns have round heads for fastening small cables, e.g. phone or cable TV, without damaging the cable. Faster and easier devices known as hammer tackers or staple hammers operate without complex mechanics as a simple head loaded with a strip of staples drives them directly; this method requires a measure of skill. Powered electric staplers or pneumatic staplers drive staples easily and accurately; they are the simplest manner of applying staples, however are hindered by a cord or hose.
In ancient times, the staple had different functions. Large metal staples dating from the 6th century BC have been found in the masonry works of ancient Iran. For the construction of the Pasargadae, these staples, which are known as "dovetail" or "swallowtail" staples, were used for tightening stones together.
The home stapling machine was developed in
1877and registered under US Patent No. 195,603.
*Most kinds of staples are easier to produce than nails or
*The crown of the staple can be used to bridge materials butted together.
*The crown can bridge a piece and fasten it without puncturing with a leg on either side, e.g. fastening
cableto wood framing.
*The crown provides greater surface area than other comparable fasteners. This is helpful with thinner materials.
Modern staples for paper staplers are made from zinc-plated
steelwires glued together and bent to form a long strip of staples. More expensive Stainless steelstaples which don't rust are also available.
Some staple sizes are used more commonly than others, depending on the application required. Some companies have unique staples just for their products. Staples from one manufacturer may or may not fit another manufacturers unit even if they look similar and serve the same purpose. Unfortunately, there is no one standard that exists for staple sizes, lengths and thickness. This has led to many different incompatible staples and staplers systems that all serve the same purpose or applications.
Internationally, (Except the
United States) staples are often described as 24/6 or 26/6, where the first number is the gauge of the wire, and the second number is the length of the shank (leg) in millimeters. Some exceptions to this rule include staple sizes like No. 10.
Common Sizes for the home and office Include: 26/6, 24/6, 24/8, 13/6, 13/8 and No. 10 for mini staplers.Common Sizes for heavy duty staplers include: 23/8, 23/12, 23/15, 23/20, 23/24, 13/10, and 13/14.
United States, the specifications for non-medical staples are described in ASTM F1667-05, Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples. A typical office staple is designated as F 1667 STFCC-04. ST indicates staple, FC indicates flat top crown, C indicates cohered (joined into a strip), and 04 is the dash number for a staple with a length of 0.250 inch, a leg thickness of 0.020 inch, a leg width of 0.030 inch, and a crown width of 0.500 inch.
Stapleless staplers cut and bend paper without using any metal fasteners. [ [http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-stapleless-stapler.htm What is a Stapleless Stapler? ] ]
* [http://www.officemuseum.com/staplers.htm Office Museum] - History of the Stapler
* [http://www.astm.org/DATABASE.CART/REDLINE_PAGES/F1667.htm ASTM F1667 abstract]
* [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Staple 1911 Britannica] article discussing many uses of the word
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