- Robert Mills (physicist)
name = Robert Mills
caption = Robert Mills
April 15, 1927
birth_place = Englewood
October 27, 1999
quantum field theory
Robert L. Mills (
April 15, 1927- October 27, 1999) was a physicist, specializing in quantum field theory, the theory of alloys, and many-body theory. While sharing an office at Brookhaven National Laboratory, in 1954, Chen Ning Yangand Mills proposed a tensorequation for what are now called Yang-Mills fields. This equation reduces to Maxwell's Equationsas a special case, see gauge theory:.
Mills was born in Englewood,
New Jersey, and graduated from George School. He studied at Columbia College from 1944 to 1948, while on leave from the Coast Guard. Mills demonstrated his mathematical ability by winning the William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competitionin 1948, and by receiving first-class honors in the Tripos. He earned a master's degree from Cambridge, and a Ph.D. in Physics under Norman Kroll, from Columbia Universityin 1955. After a year at the Institute for Advanced Studyin Princeton, New Jersey, Mills became Professor of Physics at Ohio State Universityin 1956. He remained at Ohio State Universitytill his retirement in 1995.
Mills and Yang shared the 1980 Rumford Premium Prize from the
American Academy of Arts and Sciencesfor their "development of a generalized gauge invariant field theory" in 1954.
Robert Mills was married to Elise Ackley in 1948. Together they had sons Edward and Jonathan,and daughters Katherine, Susan, and Dorothy. The Mills family lived for many years in Columbus, OH during Mills' tenure as professor at Ohio State University. The family also spent considerable time during the summer and winter breaks in Echo Lake, VT. Robert opted to live out his final months at their residence in Echo Lake.
*Yang C. N. and Mills R. L. [http://link.aps.org/abstract/PR/v96/p191 Conservation of Isotopic Spin and Isotopic Gauge Invariance] "
Phys Rev" 96 (1954), p. 191.
* [http://www.physicstoday.org/vol-56/iss-10/p14.html] Samuel L. Marateck, "Remembering Robert Mills," "Physics Today," October 2003.
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