- Ward Cunningham
name = Ward Cunningham
caption = Ward Cunningham at
birth_date = birth date and age|1949|5|26
birth_place = United States
WikiWikiWeb, the first implementation of a wiki
Howard G. "Ward" Cunningham (born
May 26, 1949) is the American computer programmer who developed the first wiki. A pioneer in both design patterns and Extreme Programming, he started programming the software WikiWikiWebin 1994 and installed it on the websiteof his software consultancy, Cunningham & Cunningham (commonly known by its domain name, c2.com), on March 25, 1995, as an add-on to the Portland Pattern Repository. He currently lives in Beaverton, Oregonand is the chief technology officerfor AboutUs.
He has co-authored a book about wikis, titled
The Wiki Way, and also invented Framework for Integrated Tests. He was a keynote speaker at the first three instances of the WikiSymconference series on wiki research and practice.
Howard G. "Ward" Cunningham received his
Bachelor's degreein interdisciplinary engineering ( electrical engineeringand computer science) and his master's degreein computer science from Purdue University. He is a founder of Cunningham & Cunningham, Inc. He has also served as Director of R&D at Wyatt Softwareand as Principal Engineer in the TektronixComputer Research Laboratory. He is founder of the Hillside Groupand has served as program chair of the Pattern Languages of Programmingconference which it sponsors. Cunningham was part of the Smalltalkcommunity. From December 2003 until October 2005, he worked for Microsoft Corporationin the "patterns & practices" group. From October 2005 to May 2007, he held the position of Director of Committer Community Development at the Eclipse Foundation. In May 2007, he joined AboutUsas its chief technology officer. [cite web |title=Transition |url=http://eclipseprojects.blogspot.com/2007/05/transition.html |author=Ward Cunningham |accessdate=2007-05-19 |date=2007-05-17] [Bishop, Todd. (January 26, 2004) Seattle Post-Intelligencer. " [http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/158020_msftnotebook26.html Microsoft Notebook: Wiki pioneer planted the seed and watched it grow.] " Section: Business; Page D1.] [cite news |date=May 18, 2007 |title=Inventor of the wiki has a new job in Portland |publisher= The Oregonianbusiness blog |author=Rogoway, Mike |url=http://blog.oregonlive.com/business/2007/05/inventor_of_the_wiki_has_a_new.html ]
Ideas and inventions
Cunningham is well-known for a few widely disseminated ideas which he originated and developed. The most famous among these are the wiki (named after
WikiWikiWeb) and many ideas in the field of software patterns.
In a 2006 interview with internetnews.com Cunningham admitted that he had thought about patenting the Wiki concept when he first created it. [cite news |date=December 8, 2006 |title=Q&A with Ward Cunningham |publisher=internetnews.com |author=Kerner, Sean Michael |url=http://www.internetnews.com/dev-news/article.php/3648131 ]
Patterns and Extreme Programming
Cunningham is also well known for his contributions to the developing practice of
object-oriented programming, in particular the use of pattern languages and, (with Kent Beck), CRC (Class-Responsibility Collaboration) cards. He is also a significant contributor to the Extreme Programming software developmentmethodology. A great deal of this work was collaboratively carried out in the first wiki site itself.
* [http://360techblog.com/ward-cunningham-the-way-of-eclipse/2006/03/31/ The Way of Eclipse interview at Eclipsecon 2006]
* [http://c2.com/cgi/wiki WikiWikiWeb] , including his " [http://www.c2.com/cgi/wiki?WardCunningham WikiHomePage] "
* [http://www.SQLSummit.com/People/WCunningham.htm EclipseCon 2006 interview with Ward Cunningham (MP3 audio podcast, running time 20:01)]
* [http://www.microsoft.com/practices The Microsoft patterns & practices group home page]
* [http://c2.com/doc/oopsla89/paper.html A Laboratory For Teaching Object-Oriented Thinking] (paper introducing CRC Cards)
* [http://www.artima.com/intv/simplest.html The Simplest Thing That Could Possibly Work] (2004 interview)
*" [http://www.redorbit.com/news/technology/334653/the_webs_wizard_of_working_together/ The Web's wizard of working together] " - profile originally in "
The Oregonian", December 19, 2005
* [http://c2.com/~ward/ Ward's Personal Pages]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.