- Lord President of the Court of Session
The Lord President of the Court of Session is head of the judiciary in Scotland, and presiding
judge(and Senator) of the College of Justiceand Court of Session, as well as being Lord Justice General of Scotlandand head of the High Court of Justiciary, the offices having been combined in 1836.
The office of Lord Justice General is derived from the
justiciars who were appointed from the twelfth century (or even earlier). From around 1567 it was held heritably by the Earl of Argylluntil the heritability was resigned to the Crown in 1607. Scotstarvet lists it as a Great Officer of Statein his famous treatise of 1754.
The current Lord President, Lord Hamilton, was sworn in on 2 December 2005.
Their deputy is the
Lord Justice Clerk.
(called Lord Chief Justices by Scot of Scotstarvet).
* Argadus, Captain of
Argyll, in the reign of Ethodius
* Comes Dunetus; in the reign of King
William the Lion(who d. 1214).
Donnchad II, Earl of Fife
* William Comyn
* David, Earl of Huntingdon (d. 1219)
* Walter Clifford, Justiciary of the Lothians
* 1216: Allan, Justiciary to King Alexander II
* 1224: William Cumin, Earl of Buchan (reign of Alexander III)
* Walter (d. 1241), son of Allan High Steward of Scotland
* 1239: William, Earl of Ross, "Lord Chief Justice of Scotland"
* 1243: David de Lindsay, Justiciary of the Lothians
* Alexander (d.1283),
High Steward of Scotlandto King Alexander II
* Hugo de Barclay, Justiciary of the Lothians
* 1253: Alexander Cumin, Earl of Buchan
* bef 1319: Sir Robert de Lawedre of The Bass (d. Sept 1337), Justiciary of the Lothians
Sir Robert Lauder of Quarrelwood(d. between 1367-70), Justiciary North of the Forth
* 1366: Robert de Erskine, Justiciary South of the Forth for King
* bef 1372: Alan de Lawedre of The Bass, Whitslaid, & Haltoun, Justiciary South of the Forth, (he received a pension for holding this post in 1374).
* 1372: Sir
William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas(d. May 1384), Justiciary South of the Forth.
* 1425: Sir Robert de Lawedre of
Edrington& The Bass(d.1451), "Justiciario Scotia"
* 1446: Patrick de Ogilvy, Justiciary South of the Forth
* 1457: John, Lord Lindsay of the Byres, Justiciary South of the Forth
* William Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney & Caithness (d.1480), Justiciary North of the Forth for King James II
* 1477: John Haldane of Gleneagles, Justiciary North of the Forth
Patrick Hepburn, 1st Lord Hailes(d. after 1482), and Robert, 2nd Lord Lyle, Justiciaries South of the Forth
* Andrew, Earl of Crawfurd, and
George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly, Justiciaries North of the Forth
* 1488: Robert, 2nd Lord Lyle d.c1497), "Lord Chief Justice"
John Lyon, 3rd Lord Glamis(d. 1 April 1497), and John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond: "Justice-General"
* 1492: Robert, 2nd Lord Lyle, and
John Lyon, 3rd Lord Glamis
John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond(d. c1519)
Andrew Gray, 2nd Lord Gray, and John Kennedy, 2nd Lord Kennedy
Colin Campbell, 3rd Earl of Argyll
* 1526: Archibald Douglas of Kilspindie
Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll
* 1567: Sir
Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll, (d.1584) (heritably)
* 1578: Sir
Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll, (re-appointment?)
Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll, (who exchanged the heritable office of Lord Chief Justice in 1607, for the heritable Lieutenancy of Argyll and Lorn, and most of The Isles).
* 1628: William Graham, 7th Earl of Menteith, 1st Earl of Airth
* 1638: Sir William Elphinstone
* 1641: Sir Thomas Hope, younger of Kerse
William Cunningham, 8th Earl of Glencairn
John Kennedy, 6th Earl of Cassilis
(list may be incomplete)
* 1661: John Murray, 2nd Earl of Atholl
Alexander Stuart, 5th Earl of Moray
* 1676: Sir Archibald Primrose of Carrington
* 1678: Sir George Mackenzie of Tarbat (later 1st Earl of Cromartie)
William Douglas, 3rd Earl of Queensberry
* 1682: James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth
George Livingston, 3th Earl of Linlithgow
Robert Ker, 4th Earl of Lothian
George Mackenzie, 1st Earl of Cromartie
* 1710: Archibald Campbell, Earl of Ilay
John Hay, 4th Marquess of Tweeddale
Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry
* 1778: David Murray, 7th Viscount Stormont, 2nd Earl of Mansfield
James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose
The office was combined with that of Lord President on the death of the Duke of Montrose in 1836.
* 1532-1543: Alexander Milne, abbot of Cambuskenneth
* 1543-1558: Robert Reid,
Bishop of Orkney
* 1558-1565: Henry Sinclair,
Bishop of Ross
* 1565-1566: John Sinclair,
Bishop of Brechin
* 1566-1593: William Baillie of Provand
* 1593-1604: Alexander Seton, Lord Fyvie
James Elphinstone, 1st Lord Balmerino
* 1609-1616: John Preston of Fenton Barns
Thomas Hamilton, 1st Earl of Haddington"incomplete"
John Gilmour of Craigmillar
James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair
George Gordon, 1st Earl of Aberdeen(?)
* 1682-1685: Sir David Falconer of Newton
* 1685-1689: Sir George Lockhart of Carnwath
James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair
* 1698-1737: Hew Dalrymple of North Berwick
* 1737-1748: Duncan Forbes of Culloden
* 1748-1754: Robert Dundas of Arniston
Robert Craigieof Glendoick
* 1760-1787: Robert Dundas of Arniston
Thomas Miller, Lord Glenlee
* 1789-1808: Sir Ilay Campbell of Succoth
* 1808-1811: Robert Blair of Avonhow
* 1811-1841: Charles Hope of Granton
* 1841-1852: David Boyle of Shewalton
* 1852-1867: Duncan McNeill, Lord Colonsay
John Inglis, Lord Glencorse
* 1891-1899: James Robertson, Lord Robertson
John Balfour, 1st Baron Kinross
* 1905-1913: Andrew Murray, 1st Baron Dunedin
Alexander Ure, 1st Baron Strathclyde
James Avon Clyde, Lord Clyde
* 1935-1947: Wilfred Normand, Lord Normand
* 1947-1954: Thomas Cooper, Lord Cooper
James Latham Clyde, Lord Clyde
George Emslie, Baron Emslie
David Hope, Baron Hope of Craighead
Alan Rodger, Baron Rodger of Earlsferrycite web|url=http://www.number10.gov.uk/output/Page2750.asp|title=Scottish Judicial Appointments|date=2001-11-13|publisher= 10 Downing Street|accessdate=2008-07-16]
William Cullen, Baron Cullen of Whitekirkcite news|url=http://www.journalonline.co.uk/news/1002497.aspx|title=Lord Hamilton is new Lord President|date=2005-11-24|work=The Journal of the Law Society of Scotland|publisher=Connect Communications (Scotland) Limited|accessdate=2008-07-15]
Arthur Campbell Hamilton, Lord Hamilton
Court of Session
List of Senators of the College of Justice
List of Leading Scottish Legal Cases
* "The Staggering State of the Scots' Statesmen", by Sir John Scot of Scotstarvet, Director of Chancery, Edinburgh, 1754, pps: 181-3.
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