- Vince Foster
name = Vincent Walker Foster, Jr.
image_size = 155px
caption = Vince Foster
birth_date = birth date|1945|01|15
death_date = death date and age|1993|07|20|1945|01|15
Fairfax County, Virginia
occupation = Deputy
White House counsel
spouse = Lisa Foster
children = 3
website = [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/arkansas/etc/foster.html Vince Foster's journal]
Vincent Walker Foster, Jr. (
January 15, 1945– July 20, 1993) was a Deputy White House Counsel during the first term of President Bill Clinton, and also a law partner and friend of Hillary Rodham Clinton. His death was ruled a suicideby multiple official investigations, but remains a subject of interest among conspiracy theorists.
Early life and education
Foster was born in
Hope, Arkansas, where he was a childhood neighbor and friend of Bill Clinton for the first eight years of his life, until Clinton moved away. He graduated from Hope High Schoolin 1963Fact|date=March 2008 as president of his class.cite book | author=Ronald W. Maris | coauthors=Alan L. Berman, Morton M. Silverman | title=Comprehensive Textbook of Suicidology | chapter= | publisher= Guilford Press| year=2000 | isbn=157230541X pp. 280–281.] He attended Davidson College, graduating in 1967.Fact|date=March 2008 After starting at Vanderbilt University Law School, he transferred to the University of Arkansas School of Law, where he was managing editor of the law review[http://www.assumption.edu/WebVAX/Foster/Pryor29Jul93.html "TRIBUTE TO VINCENT FOSTER, JR."] , Congressional Record, July 29, 1993.] and graduated first in his class in 1971.Fact|date=March 2008 Additionally he scored the highest in his class on the Arkansas bar exam. [cite web| url=http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?r103:H23JY3-401:/| title=Vince Foster: One of the Best and Brightest| accessdate=2006-05-02]
Foster married Elizabeth (Lisa) Braden in 1968.Fact|date=March 2008 They had three children, Vince III, Laura, and Brugh.Fact|date=March 2008
After law school Foster joined the
Rose Law Firmin Arkansas, Hillary Rodham Clinton, " Living History", Simon & Schuster, 2003, ISBN 0-7432-2224-5, pp. 78-81.] and within two years was made partner, one of only nine in the firm at the time. He was the head of the Arkansas Bar Associationcommittee that oversaw legal aid, and as such worked with legal aid clinic worker Hillary Rodham in successfully overcoming an unreasonable measuring requirement for indigent clients. Foster then initiated the hiring of Rodham at Rose Law Firm, where she became its first ever female associate (and later partner); Foster and fellow partner Webster Hubbellwere instrumental in overcoming the reluctance of other partners to hire a woman. Carl Bernstein, "A Woman in Charge: The Life of Hillary Rodham Clinton", Knopf, ISBN 0375407669. pp. 128-131.]
Hillary Rodham Clinton's memoirs call Foster "one of the best lawyers I've ever known," and compared him in style and substance to Gregory Peck's Atticus Finch role in the classic 1962 film "To Kill a Mockingbird". Writer
Carl Bernsteinhas described Foster as "tall, with impeccable manners and a formal mien...elegant in perfectly tailored suits, and soft-spoken to the point of taciturnity."
Foster practiced mostly
corporate law,Jason DeParle, [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE7DD173FF931A1575BC0A965958260 " A Life Undone: Portrait of a White House Aide Ensnared by His Perfectionism"] , " The New York Times", August 22, 1993. Accessed July 29, 2007.] eventually earning nearly $300,000 a year.By the time Bill Clinton was elected president in 1992, Vince Foster was at the pinnacle of the Arkansas legal establishment,David Von Drehle and Howard Schneider, [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/whitewater/stories/wwtr940701.htm "Foster's Death a Suicide"] , " The Washington Post", July 1, 1994. Accessed July 28, 2007.] having received the Outstanding Lawyer Award from the Arkansas Bar Association, while being described as the "soul" of Rose Law Firm and soon being named one of "The Best Lawyers in America."
White House Counsel
After Clinton's 1992 election, Foster joined his
White Housestaff. The Foster residence was on Cambridge Place in Georgetown in Washington, D.C. [cite web| url=http://www.fbicover-up.com/photos/house.htm| title=Vince Foster Home| accessdate=2006-05-02]
Foster had difficulty making the transition to life and politics in Washington. He found his involvement in vetting new presidential appointments during the transition period to be causing him depression and
anxiety, and he blamed himself for the failed Zoe Bairdnomination. The failed Kimba Woodand Lani Guinierappointments were also in his purview. His wife and youngest son were not with him, having stayed behind in Arkansas so the son could complete his junior year of high school at Catholic High in Little Rock. Foster handled the Clintons' Madison Guarantyand Industrial Development Corporationpaperwork, [cite news | publisher= PBS| location= WGBH educational foundation | work=Frontline | url=http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/arkansas/docs/recs.html | title=Rose Law Firm billing records] and several Whitewater-related tax returns as Deputy White House counsel. Jeff Gerthand Stephen Labaton, [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=990CE7DB1631F935A3575BC0A963958260 " Whitewater Papers Cast Doubt on Clinton Account of a Tax Underpayment"] , " The New York Times", August 6, 1995. Accessed April 30, 2007.]
In early May 1993, Foster gave the commencement address at his University of Arkansas Law School alma mater, and said:
Days after the speech, the
White House travel office controversyerupted.Foster was the target of several hostile "Wall Street Journal" editorials in June and July 1993, with titles such as "Who is Vincent Foster?" He became quite upset over the travel office matter and the possibility of a congressional hearing at which he may have been called to testify. Disliking the public spotlight and suffering from weight lossand insomnia, he considered resigning his position but feared a personal humiliation upon returning to Arkansas.
clinical depression, Foster was prescribed the mild sleeping aid/anti-anxiety pill Trazodoneover the phone by his doctor, though he only had taken a few before he died. The next day, Foster was found dead in Fort Marcy Park, a federal park in Virginia. He was found with a gun in his hand and gunshot residue on that hand. An autopsydetermined that he was shot in the mouth and no other wounds were found on his body. A suicide noteof sorts, actually a draft of a resignation letter, was found torn into 27 pieces in his briefcase, a list of complaints specifically including, "The WSJ editors lie without consequence" [cite news | url=http://www.opinionjournal.com/extra/?id=110004408 | title=Robert L. Bartley: The Wall Street Journal's editor emeritus dies at 66 | publisher= The Wall Street Journal| date= 2003-12-10| accessdate=2008-01-01] and lamenting, "I was not meant for the job or the spotlight of public life in Washington. Here ruining people is considered sport."
His funeral Mass was held at the Cathedral of St. Andrew Catholic Church in Little Rock. Bill Clinton gave an emotional
eulogyin which he recalled their boyhood times together and quoted a line from Leon Russell's " A Song for You": "I love you in a place that has no space and time."Jason DeParle, [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=health&res=9F0CE1D91F3CF937A15754C0A965958260 " President Returns Home To Bury Boyhood Friend"] , " The New York Times", July 24, 1993. Accessed July 28, 2007.] Foster was buried in Memory Gardens Cemetery in his hometown of Hope. Foster was 48 years old and was survived by his wife and three children.
There have been three official investigations into Foster's death, all of which concluded that he committed
suicide.Office of the Independent Counsel. "Report on the Death of Vincent W. Foster, Jr." October 10, 1997]
The first was by the
United States Park Policein 1993, in whose jurisdiction the original investigation fell. Due to Foster's position in the White House, the Federal Bureau of Investigationassisted in the investigation. Investigations by a coroner and Independent Counsel Robert B. Fiske, in a 58-page report released in 1994, also concluded that Foster had committed suicide. Conspiracy theories of a cover-upstill persisted. After a three-year investigation, Whitewater independent counsel Kenneth Starr[http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/whitewater/docs/foster.htm Full text] of the report on the 1993 death of White House counsel Vincent W. Foster, Jr., compiled by Whitewater independent counsel Kenneth Starr.] [ [http://www.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/1997/02/23/starr.report/ Report: Starr Rules Out Foul Play In Foster Death] CNN February 23, 1997] released a report in 1997 also concluding that the death was a suicide.
In addition, two investigations by the
U.S. Congressfound that Foster committed suicide.Gerald S. Greenberg, "Historical Encyclopedia of U.S. Independent Counsel Investigations", Greenwood Press, 2000. ISBN 0313307350. pp 133-134.]
Foster's death, occurring just six months into the new administration, is thought by some to have ended the optimism and remaining innocence from much of the White House staff. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/clinton/stories/foster072098.htm "One Death Altered Path of Presidency"] , Peter Baker, "Washington Post",
July 20, 1998.] White House chief-of-staff and childhood friend Mack McLartysaid that "It was a deep cut. It clearly had a tremendous impact." Fellow White House Counsel Bernard Nussbaumfelt that if Foster had lived, he would have helped resist the calls to appoint Independent Counsels, and the many investigations lumped under the Whitewater umbrella that occupied the administration and the Clintons for the rest of their terms, might not have happened. As it happened, how the White House and Hillary Clinton in particular handled Foster's files and documents immediately after his death became an issue of much investigation itself. [ [http://www.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/1996/news/9608/27/whitewater/index.shtml "Memo Links First Lady To Handling Of Suicide Note"] , CNN.com, August 27, 1996.]
Death of Vince Foster
* Clinton, Bill (2005). "My Life".
Vintage Publishing. ISBN 1-4000-3003-X.
* [http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupid?key=olbp29088 The Official Foster Report] (Complete, unabridged version containing the unaltered Knowlton Appendix.)
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/whitewater/docs/foster.htm Foster Report] posted by the
* [http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/usa/vince-foster/ Rotten.com biography]
* [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/arkansas/etc/foster.html "Frontline": Once Upon a Time in Arkansas: Vince Foster's journal]
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