Zhejiang University

Zhejiang University

Coordinates: 30°15′49″N 120°07′15″E / 30.26361°N 120.12083°E / 30.26361; 120.12083

Zhejiang University
浙江大学
Motto 求是创新
(Truth and Innovation)
Established 1897
Type Public (National)
Chancellor Yang Wei (杨卫)
Academic staff 8,475
(September 30, 2005, non-medical)
Students ~39000[1]
Location Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China
Campus Urban, 5.3 km²
Affiliations APRU, WUN, C9
Website zju.edu.cn (Chinese)
zju.edu.cn/english (English)

Zhejiang University (ZJU; simplified Chinese: 浙江大学; traditional Chinese: 浙江大學; pinyin: Zhèjiāng Dàxué; Wade–Giles: Che-chiang-ta-hsüeh), sometimes referred to as Zheda, is a national university in China. Founded in 1897, Zhejiang University is one of China's oldest[citation needed] institutions of higher education. It is a member of the the C9 League, and was rated as the second best university in the country by a three person committee in 2005.[2]

Zhejiang University is located approximately 112 miles (180 km) southwest of Shanghai in the city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. Zhejiang University Library collection contains about 6.9 million volumes,[3] making it one of the largest academic libraries in the country.[4]

Contents

History

Qing Dynasty

In 1897, Lin Qi (simplified Chinese: 林启; traditional Chinese: 林啓; pinyin: Lín Qǐ; Wade–Giles: Lin Ch'i), the mayor of Hangzhou, established "Qiushi Academy" (simplified Chinese: 求是书院; traditional Chinese: 求是書院; pinyin: Qíushì Shūyuàn; Wade–Giles: Ch'iu-shih-shu-yüan). Lin studied the western higher education system and applied it to Qiushi Academy, which would become one of the earliest new schools in modern China history. 1902, Qiushi Academy was renamed as Zhejiang Academy (浙江大學堂/浙江大学堂). 1903, its name was changed to Zhejiang Advanced College, established by Hongcheng's wife, panpan. The "Yuying Academy" was also one of the Zhejiang University's early roots. Yuying Academy was established in 1902 with its original name "Yuying Xuetang" (Xuetang means school or college), later "Yuying Yishu" (Yishu means public school), and then the academy. 1911, Yuying Academy was modified to Zhijiang Xutang, and moved to the Qinwang Hill (秦望山), outside of Hangzhou.

1912–1937

1912, the Zhejiang Medical School was established, later it developed to the Zhejiang Provincial Medical College. This college became the medical college of Zhejiang University.

1927, some schools and colleges (e.g. industrial and agricultural colleges/schools) were merged into the Qiushi Academy. Then the name of the enlarged school was changed into "National Third Sun Zhongshan University" (or, National Third Sun Yat-sen University), for memorial of Sun Yat-sen. April 1, 1928, it was called "Chekiang University" (or Pinyin: Zhejiang University), in the same year, "National" was added and it became "National Chekiang University" (simplified Chinese: 国立浙江大学; traditional Chinese: 國立浙江大學; pinyin: Guólì Zhèjiāng Dàxué).

War Period, 1937–1949

1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out. Due to the attack from Japanese army, the university had to move out of Hangzhou to Guizhou until 1946, after the war ended.

Reputed as "Cambridge of the East" by Joseph Needham (twice visited ZJU in 1944) in China's modern history of higher education, Zhejiang University's was consistently ranked as among top 3 in the nation during that time.

During this period, the National Zhejiang University was praised as one of the Four most Prominent Universities in the Republic China (Chinese: 民国四大名校), along with National Central University, National Southwestern Associated University and National Wuhan University.

1952–1998

Zhejiang University was split up into a number of single-discipline colleges during the 1952 readjustment of China's Tertiary Education System. Its schools of arts and sciences either went to former Hangzhou University or jointed with Fudan University. Its medical and pharmaceutical schools formed Zhejiang Medical University. Its agricultural and horticultural schools went to establish Zhejiang Agricultural University.

1952~1953, Its chemical engineering departments and some the other technological parts went to former Hangzhou Chemical Engineering School (now Zhejiang University of Technology, ZJUT). And the dean Li Shouheng, who was one of the main founders of China's modern chemical engineering, was pointed to be the first president of ZJUT.

After 1998

In 1998, with the approval of the State Council, the new Zhejiang University was established as a combination of four major universities that had grown up in Hangzhou over the previous half-century, namely Zhejiang University, Hangzhou University, Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University.

On September 21, 2006, Chinese billionaires Duan Yongping (Zhejiang University alumnus) and Ding Lei (Zhejiang native) donated together a one-time endowment of 40 million US dollars to Zhejiang University. 30 million USD was from Duan with 10 million from Ding. It was the largest private one-off endowment to a university in Mainland China.[5] A ceremony was held at the newly founded Zijin'gang Campus to receive the donation.[6]

Partnerships

Partnership with Simon Fraser University

In 2006, Zhejiang University and Simon Fraser University started their Dual Degree Program in Computing Science. The Program is divided into three parts, the foundation year, two years at ZJU, and two more at SFU. For the foundation year, SFU students will take Mandarin courses as well as introductory courses in Computing and Mathematics; ZJU students do not take the foundation year. All students study for their first two years at Zhejiang University and then finish their degree at Simon Fraser. [7] [8]

Partnership with Tufts University

As an optional part of a comprehensive program for Chinese majors, third year Chinese majors at Tufts University can spend one semester of their year at Zhejiang University. Most students stay at the Yuquan Campus, where the majority of foreign students are[citation needed].

Partnership with Loma Linda University

Since before the founding of the prestigious[according to whom?] Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University has been in cooperation with Loma Linda University. After the hospital was built, Loma Linda assisted in bringing its management as well as research projects up-to-date while training many of its scholars and medical experts. The hospital is now under management by Zhejiang University, while still accepting consultation from Loma Linda University. There are still numerous ongoing training programs between Zhejiang University and Loma Linda University {[fact}}.

Partnership with the University of Florida

In July 2008, Zhejiang University teamed up with the University of Florida to collaborate on clean energy research. The research program involves The Florida Institute for Sustainable Energy at the University of Florida, and the State Key Lab of Clean Energy Utilization and the Institute for Thermal Power Engineering at Zhejiang University.[9]

Partnership with the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Zhejiang University is involved in a close partnership[according to whom?]with the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Flanders, Belgium.[10]

Campuses

Yuquan Campus
Zijin'gang Campus

Zhejiang University consists of several campuses:

Core campuses

  • Yuquan Campus (Chinese: 玉泉校区, the headquarters, and the main campus of engineering)
  • Xixi Campus (Chinese: 西溪校区, the campus of arts and sciences)
  • Huajiachi Campus (Chinese: 华家池校区, the campus of agriculture),which has already been sold, and the College of Agriculture and Biotechnology and the College of Animal Sciences will move to Zijin'gang Campus.
  • Zhijiang Campus (Chinese: 之江校区, the old campus of mathematics and related theoretical sciences, at present the main part of it is Guanghua Law School)
  • Zijin'gang Campus (Chinese: 紫金港校区, new and the biggest campus, to be developed as the new headquarters, located in the northwest of Hangzhou)

Affiliated university

Note: These two universities don't belong to Zhejiang University, but the three universities share common research resources[citation needed].

Others

Organization

Under the direct administration of China's Ministry of Education, the new Zhejiang University is a key comprehensive university whose fields of study cover eleven branches of learning, namely philosophy, literature, history, education, science, economics, law, management, engineering, agriculture, and medicine. The university now has 110 specialties for undergraduate studies, and it is entitled to confer masters degrees in 264 programs and doctoral degrees in 181 programs. Under its administration there are 13 National Key Laboratories, 2 National Engineering Research Centers and 3 National Engineering Technology Centers. Besides, it has set up 24 national key specialties and 39 post-doctoral stations.

Colleges & Schools[11]

Affiliated Institutes

Affiliated Hospitals

Zhejiang University has six affiliated hospitals

  1. The 1st Affiliated Hospital of School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
  2. The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
  3. Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital] (donated by Sir Run Run Shaw)
  4. The Children's Hospital of School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
  5. Women's Hospital School Of Medicine, Zhejiang University
  6. Kouqiang Hospital (for dentistry, stomatology)

Traditions

Anniversary

May 21 is the Home-coming Day (Chinese: 校庆) of Zhejiang University. May 21, 2007 was the 110th anniversary.

Alma Mater(University Anthem)

The only version of Zhejiang University Anthem is in Classical Chinese. The English translation of the words of the Zhejiang University Anthem is as follows:[12]

The vast sea contains all streams, all rivers;
Great learning connects Heaven and Earth.
Metaphysical is Tao; instrumental is Tool.
Rites tell people apart; Music gets them together.
To know their relations would make us ever brighter.
There’s a national university standing by River Qiantang,
Whose eternal philosophy is seeking truth from facts.
Progressive education can produce those able to govern;
Never say you know the essence, let alone the truth.
Reform is necessary, and renewal is a must;
To be a vanguard is to be both creative and innovative;
Dear young vanguards should be clear of the principles.
Be devoted to study, deep in thinking and good in understanding;
We offer arts, science, agriculture, technology, and beyond;
It needs you to know them all – their origins and applications.
To become successful people will be like true gold to be made;
To give up fractional views we’re of far sight and broad mind;
To rejuvenate our great nation is to harmonize the whole world.

People

Notable alumni

See List of Zhejiang University alumni

Notable faculty

See also

References

External links


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