August W. Eichler

Infobox Scientist
name =August Wilhelm Eichler
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caption = A. W. Eichler
birth_date = April 22 1839
birth_place = Neukirchen, Hesse
death_date = March 2 1887
death_place = Berlin
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nationality = German
ethnicity =
field = botany
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August Wilhelm Eichler, also known under his latinized name, Augustus Guilielmus Eichler (April 22 1839, in Neukirchen, HesseMarch 2 1887, in Berlin) was a German botanist that modified former systems to reflect a better relationship between plants. The plant kingdom was divided into non-floral plants (Cryptogamae) and floral plants (Phanerogamae) by him.

Eichler System is the first one in which the concept of Evolution was accepted and therefore it was also the first one to be considered phylogenetic ref|Goldberg. Moreover Eichler was the first taxonomist to separate Phanerogamae in Angiosperms and Gymnosperms and the former in Monocotyledonae and Dicotyledonae ref|Lawrence.

Eichler system was the foundation for Adolf Engler's System and it had large acceptance world-wide (mainly in Europe). He studied in University of Marburg, Germany and was in 1871, professor of Botany in Technische Hochschule (Technical University), Graz. In 1872 he received an appointment at the University of Kiel, he remained until 1878, when he became director of the herbarium at the University of Berlin.

Eichler made important contributions to the study of the comparative structure of flowers (mainly on floral symmetry in his work Blütendiagramme).

See also:
* List of plants of Caatinga vegetation of Brazil
* List of plants of Cerrado vegetation of Brazil


*"Blütendiagramme", Volume I:1875 and Volume II:1878 (Floral diagrams).
*"Flora Brasiliensis" (Flora of Brazil) editor after death of Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius in 1868 until 1887, succeeded by Ignatz Urban
*"Syllabus der Vorlesungen über Phanerogamenkunde" (1883) 3rd Edition, Berlin (Register of the lectures about Phanerogamae)


# cite journal|author = Aaron Goldberg|year = 1986|title = Classification, Evolution and Phylogeny of the Families of Dicotyledons|journal = Smithsonian Contributions to Botany|volume = 58|pages = 1–314
# cite book|author = G. H. M. Lawrence|year = 1951|title = Taxonomy of vascular plants

External links

* [ Flora Brasiliensis On-Line] . In Portuguese and English (launch date 22 March 2006).
* [ View digitized titles by August Wilhelm Eichler in ""]

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  • August Wilhelm Eichler — (* 22. April 1839 in Neukirchen, Hessen; † 2. März 1887 in Berlin an Leukämie) war ein deutscher Botaniker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Eichler“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • August Boltz — (1819–1907) August Constantin Boltz (* 26. September 1819 in Breslau; † 1. Mai 1907 in Darmstadt) war ein deutscher Linguist. Inhaltsverze …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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