- Arthur Anderson (businessman)
He was born at
Gremista, in Lerwick, and as a boy worked on the beach preparing fish. The Crown attempted to press gang Anderson but Bressayman Thomas Bolt persuaded the Royal Navyto wait until he had finished his apprenticeship before his impressmentin 1808. Anderson was discharged 10 years later in London. Like many Shetlandmen, he was left destitute 600 miles from home in Londonafter his service to King and country during the Napoleonic wars. Anderson eventually became a clerk in the London shipping firm of Brodie McGhie Willcoxwhere he become a partner in 1822. They developed the shipping business between Britain and the Iberianpeninsula, at one stage shipping guns and the British Legion to fight Portuguese conservatives and Spanish Carlistsduring their internal wars of the 1830s.
They followed this with a regular steamship service in 1837, called the Peninsular Steam Navigation Company, which soon became P&O. Despite cash crises, it expanded operations to
Hong Kongand Australia, supported by government mail contracts. At his death in 1868 P&O had the largest commercial fleet of steamships in the world.
He moved to
Streatham, London, and was Chairman of P&O from 1854 until his death; other chairs included the coal transport company the Union Steamship Coand the Crystal Palace Co.
He also founded the "
Shetland Journal", the Shetland Fishery Companyat Vaila, and encouraged fish exports to Spain and business between Shetlandand the UK mainland.
He endowed [http://www.ideal-homes.org.uk/lambeth/norwood/norwood-technical-college.htm Lower Norwood Working Men's Institute] , the Anderson Educational Institute (later and currently known as Anderson High School) and a home for the widows of fishermen in Shetland.
He was buried at
West Norwood Cemetery.
His nephew James Anderson, who worked in P&O, was married to the medical pioneer
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson.
* [http://www.shetland-museum.org.uk/bod/his_home.htm Shetland his home]
* [http://www.red-duster.co.uk/PANDO.htm History of the Peninsular and Oriental]
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