Cambyses (disambiguation)


Cambyses (disambiguation)

Cambyses or Cambese (Greek: polytonic|Καμβύσης; Old Persian "Kambujiya") is the name of three members of the Achaemenid line of ancient Persia:

*Cambyses, son of Teispes of Anshan, father of Cyrus I, ["Herod., VII.II."] didn't rule.
*Cambyses I of Anshan was a son of Cyrus I, and ruled Anshan from 600 to 559 BCE. He was a Persian king of good family, to whom king Astyages of Media, had married his daughter Mandane. The issue of this union was Cyrus II ["Herod., I, 46, 107".] .
*Cambyses II of Persia was son and successor of Cyrus II (or Cyrus the Great) and ruled Persia from 530 to 522 BCE. He conquered Egypt. [See for details: Family of Achaemenids, The History of Herodotus: A New English Version, pp 252-53, Herodotus [http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC16772234&id=NzzYX4ZCmPgC&pg=PA252&lpg=PA253&dq=%22Cambyses+III%22] ; Classical Literature of Antiquities, 1963, p 201, Editor Harry Thurston Peck.] .

The same name appears as "Kambujiya" (or perhaps "Kambaujiya" or "Kamboujiya") in Old Persian, as Kamboja in the Indian epic Mahabharata, as "C-n-b-n-z-y" in Aramaic, "Kambuzia" in Assyrian, "Kambythet" in Egyptian, "Kam-bu-zi-ia" in Akkadian, "Kan-bu-zi-ia" in Elamite, and "Kanpuziya" in Susian language. It appears to have been a very popular name among ancient Iranians. The royal Old Persian name "Kambujiya" or "Kambaujiya" of the Achaemenid line has been linked by numerous scholars with the Sanskrit/Pāli ethnonym Kamboja [See: Ramayana of Valmiki, Canto No VI, The King, p 14, fn 13:6, Ralph T. H. Griffth: i.e "Name Kamboja is etymologically connected with Cambyses which in the cuneiform inscription of Behistun is written Ka(m)bujia"; "Der Name Kambyses (Kanbuji­ya)", ZII 2, 1923, pp. 140-52, J. Charpentier; "L'Inde aux temps des Maurya, p. 15 and 40". La Valle Poussin; "Early Zoroastrian, 2005, p 45", James Hope Moulton, Kessinger Publishing; "Ancient Kamboja, Iran and Islam, 1971, p 68-71", H. W. Bailey; "Kyros, Beitrage zur Namen-forschung, II (1964), p 210," Dr. W. Eiler; "Aryan and Non-Aryan Names in Vedic India, Data for Linguistic situation, C 1900-500 BC, footnote 24", Michael Witzel; "The Home of the Aryan, p 6, footnote 11", Michael Witzel, Harvard University. Other prominent scholars include C. Lassen, A. A. Macdonell, A. B. Keith, G. Kuhn, A. Hoffman, G. K. Nariman, S. Levi, H. W. Bellew, Dr Markwart, S. Sen, D. R. Bhandarkar, V. S. Aggarwala, Musa Khan Jalzai etc.] [http://books.google.com/books?id=kQ6zTASmo6kC&pg=PA18&dq=Harmatta+two+most+cited+readings&sig=MLzfVWvuYZFnaS6BN3wnFurlKhc .] .

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cambus (disambiguation) — Cambus may refer to;In transportCambus, a public transport service for the University of IowaIn placenamesCambus is the Anglicised form of the Scottish Gaelic camas . It is used in toponymy, meaning an inlet or harbour. * Cambuslang *… …   Wikipedia

  • Achaemenid Empire — Persian Empire redirects here. For other uses, see Persian Empire (disambiguation). Persian Empire ← …   Wikipedia

  • Iran — Persia redirects here. For other uses, see Persia (disambiguation). Coordinates: 32°N 53°E …   Wikipedia

  • Gerard David — The Virgin among angels (1509) A self portrait of Gerard David on the top left corner Musée des Beaux Arts, Rouen Born c. 1460 Oudewater …   Wikipedia

  • Darius II — redirects here. See also Darius II (arcade game). Darius II (Dārayavahuš), was king of the Persian Empire from 423 BC to 405 BC.[1] Artaxerxes I, who died on December 25, 424 BC, was followed by his son Xerxes II. After a month and a half Xerxes… …   Wikipedia

  • Dust storm — For the fictional character, see Dust Storm (Transformers). For other uses, see Sandstorm (disambiguation). Part of the Nature series on Weather   Calendar seasons …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander the Great — This article is about the ancient king of Macedon. For other uses, see Alexander the Great (disambiguation). Alexander the Great Basileus of Macedon …   Wikipedia

  • Book of Daniel — For other uses, see Book of Daniel (disambiguation). Hebrew Bible …   Wikipedia

  • Coin — This article is about monetary coins. For other uses, see Coin (disambiguation). A selection of modern coins …   Wikipedia

  • Pharaoh — For other uses, see Pharaoh (disambiguation). After Djoser of the third dynasty, pharaohs usually were depicted wearing the Nemes headdress, a false beard, and an ornate kilt …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.