Ingot


Ingot

An ingot is a material, usually metal, that is cast into a shape suitable for further processing. [Chalmers, p 254] It requires a second procedure of shaping, by means of cold/hot working to produce the final product. They involve relatively simple procedures. However, this only works for simple objects, such as shaping a bar ingot into a mallet tip. The advantages are low initial costs for producing the moulds. If cold worked, it can also improve hardness in the second procedure, an advantage for such things as the mallet tip. However, more input energy is required for the final object if hardness (by cold working) is not required.

Types of ingots

Metal

Metal heated past its melting point and molded into a bar or block. Additionally, the molds from which metal objects are cast may be called ingots. After the ingots are created they are sold in that form mainly to industries to be melted into another form.

emiconducting material

In the semiconductor industry single crystal ingots (often called boules) of semiconductor materials can be "grown" by methods such as the Czochralski process or Bridgeman technique. These are then cut up and polished to provide wafers on which semiconductor devices, ranging from microprocessors to light-emitting diodes can be fabricated. Single crystal ingots can be created with single dendrite formation. Such is done for single crystal turbine blades.

Historical ingots

Cultural references

* The Chinese New Year food Jau gok was made to symbolize the ingot.
* The eighth letter in the Ogham alphabet is Tinne meaning "ingot".

ee also

* Gold bar
* Ductile iron
* Gray iron
* Tin ingot

References

*Introduction to Materials, B.R. Schlenker, Jacaranda Press 1974
*Chalmers, Bruce (1977). "Principles of Solidification", Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. ISBN 0-88275-446-7

Notes


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ingot — In got, n. [Prob. from AS. in in + ge[ o]tan to pour: cf. F. linglot, LL. lingotus a mass of gold or silver, extended in the manner of a tongue, and G. einguss, LG. & OE. ingot ingot, a mold for casting metals in. See {Found} to cast, and cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ingot — Ingot. См. Слиток. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Ingot — (englisch), Bezeichnung für Flußeisen und Flußstahlblöcke nach ihrer Herstellung durch Eingießen und Erstarrenlassen in Kokillen (s.d.) und vor ihrer Weiterverarbeitung. Die deutsche Bezeichnung ist Block, für Ingots, die zur Herstellung von… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • ingot — late 14c., mold in which metal is cast, probably from IN (Cf. in ) (2) in + O.E. goten, pp. of geotan to pour (see FOUND (Cf. found) (2)). Sense of mass of cast metal first attested early 15c …   Etymology dictionary

  • ingot — ìngot m DEFINICIJA 1. odljevak metala dobiven u kokili; šipka, blok 2. u metalurgiji kalup za dobivanje različitih odljevaka ETIMOLOGIJA engl.: (nešto) uliveno …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • ingot — ► NOUN ▪ a rectangular block of steel, gold, or other metal. ORIGIN originally denoting a mould: perhaps from an Old English word meaning «pour, cast» …   English terms dictionary

  • ingot — [iŋ′gət] n. [ME < MFr lingot (with faulty separation of l , as if l , for le, the) < OFr, prob. < lingo, var. of lengo, tongue (< L lingua: see LANGUAGE): from the elongated form] 1. Obs. a mold for casting metal into a bar 2. a mass… …   English World dictionary

  • ingot — A bar of metal such as the type that the Federal Reserve System uses to store gold reserves. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * * ingot in‧got [ˈɪŋgət] noun [countable, uncountable] a piece of pure metal, for example gold, in the shape of a brick …   Financial and business terms

  • ingot — noun Etymology: Middle English, perhaps modification of Middle French lingot ingot of metal, incorrectly divided as l ingot, as if from le the Date: 14th century 1. a mold in which metal is cast 2. a mass of metal cast into a convenient shape for …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ingot — Säule aus monokristallinem Silicium Der Ausdruck Ingot (engl. für Barren) wird im Deutschen nur in einer Spezialbedeutung verwendet: Man versteht darunter einen Block aus einem Halbleitermaterial wie Silicium. Ingots können monokristallin oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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