Herman Boerhaave

Infobox Scientist
name = Herman Boerhaave
box_width = 300px


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image_width = 300px
caption = Herman Boerhaave (1668-1738)
birth_date = December 31, 1668
birth_place = Voorhout
death_date = death date and age|1738|9|23|1668|12|31
death_place = Leiden
residence = flag|Netherlands
citizenship =
nationality = flag|Netherlands
ethnicity =
field = Physician
work_institutions = University of Leyden
alma_mater = University of Leyden
doctoral_advisor = Burchard de Volder
doctoral_students = Gerard Van Swieten
known_for = Founder of clinical teaching
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Herman Boerhaave (Voorhout, December 31, 1668 - Leiden, September 23, 1738) was a Dutch botanist, humanist and physician of European fame. He is regarded as the founder of clinical teaching and of the modern academic hospital. His main achievement was to demonstrate the relation of symptoms to lesions.

He was born at Voorhout near Leiden. Entering the University of Leiden he took his degree in philosophy in 1689, with a dissertation "De distinctione mentis a corpore" (on the difference of the mind from the body), in which he attacked the doctrines of Epicurus, Thomas Hobbes and Spinoza. He then turned to the study of medicine, in which he graduated in 1693 at Harderwijk in present-day Gelderland. In 1701 he was appointed lecturer on the institutes of medicine at Leiden; in his inaugural discourse, "De commendando Hippocratis studio", he recommended to his pupils that great physician as their model.

In 1709 he became professor of botany and medicine, and in that capacity he did good service, not only to his own university, but also to botanical science, by his improvements and additions to the botanic garden of Leiden, and by the publication of numerous works descriptive of new species of plants. In 1714, when he was appointed rector of the university, he succeeded Govert Bidloo in the chair of practical medicine, and in this capacity he introduced the modern system of clinical instruction. Four years later he was appointed to the chair of chemistry also. In 1728 he was elected into the French Academy of Sciences, and two years later into the Royal Society of London. In 1729 declining health obliged him to resign the chairs of chemistry and botany; and he died, after a lingering and painful illness, at Leiden.

His reputation so increased the fame of the University of Leiden, especially as a school of medicine, that it became popular with visitors from every part of Europe. All the princes of Europe sent him pupils, who found in this skillful professor not only an indefatigable teacher, but an affectionate guardian. When Peter the Great went to Holland in 1715, to instruct himself in maritime affairs, he also took lessons from Boerhaave. Linnaeus traveled to see him, as did Voltaire. His reputation was not confined to Europe; a Chinese mandarin sent him a letter addressed to "the illustrious Boerhaave, physician in Europe," and it reached him in due course. The operating theatre of the University of Leiden in which he once worked as an anatomist is now at the center of a museum named after him; the Boerhaave Museum. Boerhaave first described Boerhaave's Syndrome, which involves tearing of the esophagus, usually a consequence of vigorous vomiting. He notoriously described in 1724 the case of Baron Jan von Wassenaer, a Dutch admiral who died of this condition following a gluttonous feast and subsequent regurgitation. This condition was uniformly fatal prior to modern surgical techniques allowing repair of the esophagus.

Boerhaave was critical of his Netherlands contemporary, Baruch Spinoza, attacking him in his dissertation in 1689.

Personal life

On September 14 1710, Boerhaave married Maria Drolenvaux, the daughter of the rich merchant, Alderman Abraham Drolenvaux. They had four children, of whom one daughter, Maria Joanna, lived to adulthood [http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/2404.html] . In 1722, he began to suffer from an extreme case of gout, recovering the next year.

Publications

*"Het Nut der Mechanistische Methode in de Geneeskunde" [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/15690] (Leiden, 1703)
*"Institutiones medicae" (Leiden, 1708)
*"Aphorismi de cognoscendis et curandis morbis" (Leiden, 1709), on which his pupil and assistant, Gerard van Swieten (1700-1772) published a commentary in 5 vols.
*"Elementa chemiae" (Paris, 1724).

ee also

*Boerhaave syndrome

External links

*Samuel Johnson's [http://www.samueljohnson.com/boerhaave.html Life of Herman Boerhaave]
* [http://www.museumboerhaave.nl/ Museum Boerhaave] in Leiden, National Museum of the History of Science and Medicine
* [http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/extract/344/2/138 A recent discussion of Boerhaave's Syndrome] in the New England Journal of Medicine (subscription required)
*gutenberg author | id=Herman_Boerhaave | name=Herman Boerhaave
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=QHAFAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA1 "Aphorismi de Cognoscendis et Curandis Morbis" (1709; “Aphorisms on the Recognition and Treatment of Diseases”)]
* [http://personal.telefonica.terra.es/web/rotochem/Boer.html "Elementa Chemiae" (1733) ("Elements of Chemistry")]
* [http://usuarios.lycos.es/rotedu/Shaw.html "A New Method of Chemistry" (1741 & 1753) ("English Translation of "Elementa Chemiae" by Peter Shaw")]


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  • Herman Boerhaave — (* 31. Dezember 1668 in Voorhout bei Leiden; † 23. September 1738) war ein niederländischer Mediziner und Botaniker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Boerh.“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herman Boerhaave — Portrait d Herman Boerhaave (1668 1738) Naissance 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herman Boerhaave — Este artículo o sección necesita una revisión de ortografía y gramática. Puedes colaborar editándolo (lee aquí sugerencias para mejorar tu ortografía). Cuando se haya corregido, borra este aviso por favor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Herman Boerhaave/Classification Des Maladies — Retour à Herman Boerhaave Herman Boerhaave admet des maladies des solides ou organiques, et des maladies des liquides ou humorales : Relativement aux premières, descendant par l analyse à la fibre élémentaire, partie simple ou similaire, il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herman Boerhaave/Classification des maladies — Retour à Herman Boerhaave Herman Boerhaave admet des maladies des solides ou organiques, et des maladies des liquides ou humorales : Relativement aux premières, descendant par l analyse à la fibre élémentaire, partie simple ou similaire, il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herman boerhaave/classification des maladies — Retour à Herman Boerhaave Herman Boerhaave admet des maladies des solides ou organiques, et des maladies des liquides ou humorales : Relativement aux premières, descendant par l analyse à la fibre élémentaire, partie simple ou similaire, il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Boerhaave — Herman Boerhaave (* 31. Dezember 1668 in Voorhout bei Leiden; † 23. September 1738) war ein niederländischer Mediziner und Botaniker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Boerh.“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Boerhaave — Herman Boerhaave Herman Boerhaave Portrait d Herman Boerhaave (1668 1738) Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herman — is a Dutch and English given name. Its original meaning was army man ( Arman ) and derives from the Germanic elements heri meaning army combined with man meaning man (compare archaic Dutch heer , meaning army and man ). It is cognate with German… …   Wikipedia

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