- Maud of Wales
Maud of Wales Queen consort of Norway Tenure 18 November 1905 – 20 November 1938 (33 years, 2 days) Coronation 22 June 1906(aged 36) Spouse Haakon VII of Norway Issue Olav V of Norway Full name Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria House House of Windsor
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Edward VII of the United Kingdom Mother Alexandra of Denmark Born 26 November 1869
Marlborough House, London
Died 20 November 1938(aged 68)
Burial Akershus Castle, Oslo Religion Anglicanism
Princess Maud of Wales (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria; 26 November 1869 – 20 November 1938) was Queen of Norway as spouse of King Haakon VII. She was a member of the British Royal Family as the youngest daughter of King Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark and granddaughter of Queen Victoria and also of Christian IX of Denmark. She was the younger sister of George V. Queen Maud was the first queen consort of Norway since 1380 who was not also queen consort of Denmark or Sweden.
Princess Maud of Wales was born at Marlborough House, London as the daughter of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of Queen Victoria and at that time heir apparent to the British throne. Her mother was Princess Alexandra of Denmark.
Princess Maud was christened at Marlborough House by John Jackson, Bishop of London, on 24 December 1869. Her godparents were her paternal uncle The Prince Leopold (for whom The Duke of Cambridge stood proxy); Prince Frederick William of Hesse-Kassel (represented by Prince Francis of Teck); Count Gleichen; the Duchess of Nassau (for whom Princess Francis of Teck); the King of Sweden and Norway (who was represented by Baron Hochschild, the Swedish minister); the Princess of Leiningen (represented by Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde); her maternal aunt the Tsarevna of Russia (represented by the Baroness de Brunnow, the Russian ambassador's wife); the Crown Princess of Denmark (represented by Madame de Bülow, the Danish Minister's wife); and the Duchess of Inverness (widow of Queen Victoria's uncle the Duke of Sussex).
She was a high-spirited child, a quality that earned her the nickname Harry. Maud took part in almost all the annual visits to the Princess of Wales's family in Denmark and later accompanied her mother and her sisters on cruises to Norway and the Mediterranean. She, along with her sisters Princess Victoria and Princess Louise, received the Imperial Order of the Crown of India from Queen Victoria on 6 August 1887. Like her sisters, Princess Maud also held the First Class of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert and was a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem.
On 22 July 1896, Princess Maud married her first cousin, Prince Carl of Denmark, in the private chapel at Buckingham Palace. Prince Carl was the second son of Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark, Queen Alexandra's elder brother, and Princess Louise of Sweden. The bride's father, the Prince of Wales, gave her Appleton House on the Sandringham Estate, as a country residence for her frequent visits to England. It was there that the couple's only child, Prince Alexander, was born on 2 July 1903. Tor Bomann-Larsen suggested that the birth of the couple's only child after seven years of marriage may have been the result of an early form of artificial insemination.
Prince Carl was an officer in the Danish navy and he and his family lived mainly in Denmark until 1905. In June of that year, the Norwegian parliament, Storting, dissolved Norway's ninety-one year-old union with Sweden and voted to offer the throne to Prince Carl. Following a plebiscite in November, Prince Carl accepted the Norwegian throne, taking the name of Haakon VII, while his young son took the name of Olav. King Haakon and Queen Maud were crowned at the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim on 22 June 1906, the last coronation of a Scandinavian monarch.
Queen Maud never lost her love of Britain, but she quickly adapted to her new country and duties as a queen consort. She supported charitable causes, particularly those associated with children and animals, and gave encouragement to musicians and artists. She learned to ski and arranged for an English garden at Kongsseteren, the Royal lodge overlooking the nation's capital Oslo. Queen Maud's last public appearance in Britain was the coronation of her nephew, King George VI, in May 1937. She sat in the royal box at Westminster Abbey next to her sister-in-law Queen Mary and her niece Mary, Princess Royal.
Maud died of heart failure in London on 20 November 1938, six days before her 69th birthday (and the thirteenth anniversary of her mother's death), three days after an operation. Her body was returned to Norway on board the HMS Royal Oak, the flagship of Second Battle Squadron of the Royal Navy's Home Fleet. Queen Maud was buried in the royal mausoleum at the Akershus Castle in Oslo. At her death, Queen Maud was the last surviving child of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 26 November 1869 – 22 July 1896: Her Royal Highness Princess Maud of Wales
- 22 July 1896 – 18 November 1905: Her Royal Highness Princess Carl of Denmark
- 18 November 1905 – 20 November 1938: Her Majesty The Queen of Norway
- Norway Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
- Norway Royal Family Order of King Haakon VII
- United Kingdom Companion of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India
- United Kingdom First Class of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert
- United Kingdom Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
- United Kingdom Royal Family Order of King Edward VII
- United Kingdom Royal Family Order of King George V
Upon her marriage, Maud was granted the use of a personal coat of arms, being those of the kingdom, with an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxony, differenced with a label argent of five points, the outer pair and centre bearing hearts gules, the inner pair crosses gules. The inescutcheon was dropped by royal warrant in 1917.
Maud of WalesCadet branch of the House of WettinBorn: 26 November 1869 Died: 20 November 1938
- "Style & Splendor - Who was Queen Maud of Norway?". Victoria and Albert Museum. http://www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/microsites/1333_styleandsplendour/whowas/whowas.html. Retrieved 2007-06-04.
Norwegian royalty VacantTitle last held bySophia of Nassau Queen consort of Norway
VacantTitle next held bySonja Haraldsen British princessesThe generations indicate descent from George I, who formalised the use of the titles prince and princess for members of the British Royal Family. Where a princess may have been or is descended from George I more than once, her most senior descent, by which she bore or bears her title, is used. 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation 7th generation
- Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife
- Princess Victoria
- Maud, Queen of Norway
- Marie, Queen of Romania
- Victoria Melita, Grand Duchess of Hesse
- Alexandra, Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
- Beatrice, Duchess of Galliera
- Margaret, Crown Princess of Sweden
- Patricia of Connaught
- Alice, Countess of Athlone
- Marie Louise, Princess Maximilian of Baden
- Alexandra, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
- Olga of Hanover
8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation Princesses (by birth) of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, duchesses in Saxony 1st generationnone 2nd generationVictoria, Duchess of Nemours · Charlotte, Empress of Mexico* 3rd generationVictoria, German Empress** · Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine** · Helena, Princess Christian of Scheswig-Holstein** · Louise, Duchess of Argyll** · Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg** · Clotilde, Archduchess Joseph Karl of Austria · Amalie, Duchess Maximilian Emanuel in Bavaria · Louise-Marie, Princess of Kohary* · Stéphanie, Crown Princess of Austria* · Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme* · Princess Joséphine-Marie* · Clémentine, Princess Napoléon* · Joséphine-Caroline, Princess Karl Anton of Hohenzollern* 4th generationLouise, Duchess of Fife** · Princess Victoria** · Maud, Queen of Norway** · Marie, Queen of Romania** · Victoria Melita, Grand Duchess Cyril Vladimirovich of Russia** · Alexandra, Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg** · Beatrice, Duchess of Galliera** · Margaret, Crown Princess of Sweden** · Lady Patricia Ramsay** · Alice, Countess of Athlone** · Dorothea, Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg · Marie-José, Queen of Italy* 5th generationMary, Countess of Harewood** · Sibylla, Duchess of Västerbotten** · Caroline Mathilde, Countess of Castell-Rüdenhausen** · Princess Clementine, Mrs. Edward von Heller · Princess Maria Caroline · Theresia, Freifrau von Taxis di Bordogna e Valnigra · Princess Leopoldine · Princess Maria Immaculata · Josephine, Freifrau von Baratta-Dragono 6th generationPrincess Claudia, Mrs. Gion Schäfer · Beatrice Charlotte, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen 7th generationPrincess Stephanie · Princess Felicitas Franziska, Mrs. Sergei Trotzki Danish princesses by marriage 1st generation 2nd generationDuchess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin · Princess Maud of the United Kingdom · Princess Helena Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg · Princess Sophia of Prussia* · Princess Marie Bonaparte* · Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia* · Princess Alice of Battenberg* · Princess Françoise of Orléans* · Princess Margaretha of Sweden 3rd generation 4th generation 5th generation*also a princess of Greece by marriage
**title lost due to divorce and subsequent remarriage
^did not have a royal or noble title by birth
Norwegian Royal ConsortsSonja Haraldsen (1991–present)
Maud of Wales (1905–1938) · Sophia of Nassau^ (1872–1905) · Louise of the Netherlands^ (1859–1871) · Josephine of Leuchtenberg^ (1844–1859) · Désirée Clary^ (1818–1844) · Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp^ (1814–1818) · Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel* (1808–1839) · Caroline Matilda of Great Britain* (1766–1775) · Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel* (1752–1766) · Louise of Great Britain* (1746–1751) · Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach* (1730–1746) · Anne Sophie Reventlow* (1721–1730) · Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow* (1699–1721) · Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel* (1670–1699) · Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1648–1670) · Anne Catherine of Brandenburg* (1597–1612) · Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow* (1572–1588) · Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg* (1534–1559) · Sophie of Pomerania*^ (1523–1533) · Isabella of Austria*^ (1515–1523) · Christina of Saxony*^ (1481–1513) · Dorothea of Brandenburg*^ (1450–1481) · Catherine of Bjurum^ (1449–1450) · Dorothea of Brandenburg*^ (1445–1448) · Philippa of England*^ (1406–1430) · Margaret I of Denmark^ (1363–1380) · Blanche of Namur^ (1335–1343) · Euphemia of Rügen (1299–1312) · Isabel Bruce (1293–1299) · Margaret of Scotland (1281–1283) · Ingeborg of Denmark (1263–1280) · Rikissa Birgersdotter (1251–1257) · Margrét Skúladóttir (1225–1263) · Christina of Norway (1209–1213) · Margaret of Sweden (1189–1202) · Estrid Bjørnsdotter (1170–1176) · Ragna Nikolasdatter (114?–1157) · Ingrid of Sweden (1134–1136) · Christine of Denmark (1132–1133) · Malmfred of Kiev* (1116–1130) · Blathmin Ní Briain (1103) · Ingebjørg Guttormsdatter (1103–1123) · Margaret Fredkulla* (1101–1103) · Ingerid of Denmark (1067–1093) · Elisiv of Kiev (1045–1066) · Emma of Normandy* (1028–1035) · Astrid of Sweden (1019–1035) · Sigrid the Haughty*^ (1000–1014) · Tyra of Denmark (998–1000) Gunhild of Wenden* · Tove of the Obotrites* (970–986) · Gunnhild, Mother of Kings (931–934) · Gyda of Hordaland (872–930)*also Queen of Denmark
^also Queen of Sweden
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