National League Championship Series
MLB Postseason
Division series
American League
National League
Championship series
American League
National League
World Series

In Major League Baseball, the National League Championship Series (NLCS) is a round in the postseason that determines who wins the National League pennant and advances to Major League Baseball's championship, the World Series, facing the winner of the American League Championship Series. The reigning National League Champions are the St. Louis Cardinals.

Prior to 1969, the National League champion (the "pennant winner") was determined by the best win-loss record at the end of the regular season. There were four ad hoc three-game playoff series due to ties under this formulation (in 1946, 1951, 1959 and 1962), as also happened once (1948) in the American League (the AL, however, used a single-game playoff).

A structured postseason series began in 1969, when both the National and American Leagues were reorganized into two divisions each, East and West. The two division winners within each league played each other in a best-of-five series to determine who would advance to the World Series. In 1985, the format changed to best-of-seven.

The NLCS and ALCS, since the expansion to best-of-seven, are always played in a 2–3–2 format: Since 1995, games 1, 2, 6 and 7 are played in the stadium of the team that has home field advantage, and Games 3, 4 and 5 are played in the stadium of the team that does not. Home field advantage is given to the team that has the better record, with the exception that the team that made the postseason as the Wild Card team cannot get home field advantage. From 1969 to 1993, home field advantage was alternated between divisions each year regardless of regular season record.

In 1981, a divisional series was held due to a split season caused by a players' strike.

In 1994, the league was restructured into three divisions, with the three division winners and a wild-card team advancing to a best-of-five postseason round, the National League Division Series (NLDS). The winners of that round advance to the best-of-seven NLCS. The NLDS was first played in 1995 due to the cancellation of the 1994 postseason during another players' strike.

Every team in the National League has appeared in the NLCS at least once.

Contents

Championship Trophy

The Warren C. Giles Trophy, named for the president of the NL from 1951 to 1969, is awarded to the NLCS winner.[1]

Most Valuable Player Award

See: League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award#National League winners

A Most Valuable Player (MVP) award is given to the outstanding player in each series, though voters can consider performances made during the divisional series. The MVP award has been given to a player on the losing team twice, in 1986 to Mike Scott of the Houston Astros and in 1987 to Jeff Leonard of the San Francisco Giants.

Although the National League began its LCS MVP award in 1977, the American League did not begin its LCS MVP award until 1980.[2]

NLCS results (1969–present)

Click the link on the far left for detailed information on that series.

Key
Denotes wild-card team (since 1995)
Year Winner Loser Record Series MVP TV
Network
1969 New York Mets Atlanta Braves 3–0   NBC
1970 Cincinnati Reds Pittsburgh Pirates 3–0   NBC
1971 Pittsburgh Pirates San Francisco Giants 3–1   NBC
1972 Cincinnati Reds Pittsburgh Pirates 3–2   NBC
1973 New York Mets Cincinnati Reds 3–2   NBC
1974 Los Angeles Dodgers Pittsburgh Pirates 3–1   NBC
1975 Cincinnati Reds Pittsburgh Pirates 3–0   NBC
1976 Cincinnati Reds Philadelphia Phillies 3–0   ABC
1977 Los Angeles Dodgers Philadelphia Phillies 3–1 Dusty Baker, Los Angeles NBC
1978 Los Angeles Dodgers Philadelphia Phillies 3–1 Steve Garvey, Los Angeles ABC
1979 Pittsburgh Pirates Cincinnati Reds 3–0 Willie Stargell, Pittsburgh NBC
1980 Philadelphia Phillies Houston Astros 3–2 Manny Trillo, Philadelphia ABC
1981 Los Angeles Dodgers Montreal Expos 3–2 Burt Hooton, Los Angeles NBC
1982 St. Louis Cardinals Atlanta Braves 3–0 Darrell Porter, St. Louis ABC.
1983 Philadelphia Phillies Los Angeles Dodgers 3–1 Gary Matthews, Philadelphia NBC
1984 San Diego Padres Chicago Cubs 3–2 Steve Garvey, San Diego ABC
1985 St. Louis Cardinals Los Angeles Dodgers 4–2 Ozzie Smith, St. Louis NBC
1986 New York Mets Houston Astros 4–2 Mike Scott, Houston ABC
1987 St. Louis Cardinals San Francisco Giants 4–3 Jeffrey Leonard, San Francisco NBC
1988 Los Angeles Dodgers New York Mets 4–3 Orel Hershiser, Los Angeles ABC
1989 San Francisco Giants Chicago Cubs 4–1 Will Clark, San Francisco NBC
1990 Cincinnati Reds Pittsburgh Pirates 4–2 Rob Dibble and Randy Myers, Cincinnati CBS
1991 Atlanta Braves Pittsburgh Pirates 4–3 Steve Avery, Atlanta CBS
1992 Atlanta Braves Pittsburgh Pirates 4–3 John Smoltz, Atlanta CBS
1993 Philadelphia Phillies Atlanta Braves 4–2 Curt Schilling, Philadelphia CBS
1994 Not held due to labor dispute.
1995 Atlanta Braves Cincinnati Reds 4–0 Mike Devereaux, Atlanta ABC (Games 1–2)
NBC (Games 3–4)
1996 Atlanta Braves St. Louis Cardinals 4–3 Javy López, Atlanta FOX
1997 Florida Marlins Atlanta Braves 4–2 Liván Hernández, Florida NBC
1998 San Diego Padres Atlanta Braves 4–2 Sterling Hitchcock, San Diego FOX
1999 Atlanta Braves New York Mets 4–2 Eddie Pérez, Atlanta NBC
2000 New York Mets St. Louis Cardinals 4–1 Mike Hampton, New York FOX
2001 Arizona Diamondbacks Atlanta Braves 4–1 Craig Counsell, Arizona FOX
2002 San Francisco Giants St. Louis Cardinals 4–1 Benito Santiago, San Francisco FOX
2003 Florida Marlins Chicago Cubs 4–3 Iván Rodríguez, Florida FOX
2004 St. Louis Cardinals Houston Astros 4–3 Albert Pujols, St. Louis FOX
2005 Houston Astros St. Louis Cardinals 4–2 Roy Oswalt, Houston FOX
2006 St. Louis Cardinals New York Mets 4–3 Jeff Suppan, St. Louis FOX
2007 Colorado Rockies Arizona Diamondbacks 4–0 Matt Holliday, Colorado TBS
2008 Philadelphia Phillies Los Angeles Dodgers 4–1 Cole Hamels, Philadelphia FOX
2009 Philadelphia Phillies Los Angeles Dodgers 4–1 Ryan Howard, Philadelphia TBS
2010 San Francisco Giants Philadelphia Phillies 4–2 Cody Ross, San Francisco FOX
2011 St. Louis Cardinals Milwaukee Brewers 4-2 David Freese, St. Louis TBS

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.philly.com/philly/sports/phillies/20081016__Fantastic_feeling__for_Bill_Giles.html Mike Jensen, " 'Fantastic feeling' for Bill Giles," Philadelphia Inquirer, Oct. 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-17.
  2. ^ League Championship Series Most Valuable Players (MLB.com/News/Awards/History/ ). MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved 2009-08-31.

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