Savoy Records


Savoy Records

Savoy Records is the name of a US jazz record label. Starting in the mid 1940s, Savoy played an important part in popularizing bebop.

A separate (now defunct) label with the same name was once based in Manchester, UK. The UK label primarily released rock recordings.

History

Savoy Records is a United States record label founded in 1942 by Herman Lubinsky and Ozzie Cadena (father of punk rock musician Dez Cadena). The Newark, New Jersey label issued many of the important early bebop jazz albums. With the rise of Rock and Roll, Lubinsky shifted to focus more on Gospel music, recording many of the finest groups of the 1950s and cementing Savoy's preeminence in this field through its association with James Cleveland and his Gospel Music Workshop of America. Artistic directors were Ralph Bass (from Black and White, 1948-1952), Fred Mendohlson (in 1953).

Malaco Records acquired Savoy's gospel titles and contracts in 1986. [http://www.malaco.com/story.php] After Lubinsky's death in 1974, Clive Davis (then manager of Arista Records) acquired the label's bebop catalogue. The catalog's current owner is Columbia Music Entertainment of Japan and operates in the USA as Savoy Label Group (SLG).

African American artists never liked Herman Lubinsky, who they believed grossly underpaid them for their work. Tiny Price, a journalist for the black newspaper "The Newark Herald News" said of Savoy and Lubinsky.

:There's no doubt everybody hated Herman Lubinsky. If he messed with you, you were messed. At the same time, some of those people — many of them Newark's top singers and musicians — would never have been exposed to records if he didn't do what he did. Except for Lubinsky, all the hot little numbers, like Buddy Johnson's 'Cherry' would have been lost. The man may have been hated, but he saved a lot of our history — for us and for future generations.

In the early 1960s Savoy recorded a number of avant-garde jazz artists giving them important early exposure. These included Paul Bley, Ed Curran, Bill Dixon, Marc Levin, Charles Moffett, Perry Robinson, Joseph Scianni, Archie Shepp, Sun Ra, Marzette Watts, and Valdo Williams.

Savoy Artists

* Cannonball Adderley
* Bill Barron
* Alex Bradford
* Nappy Brown
* Donald Byrd
* The Caravans
* James Cleveland
* Dorothy Love Coates
* John Coltrane
* Sonny Criss
* Miles Davis
* The Davis Sisters
* Varetta Dillard
* Kenny Dorham
* Booker Ervin
* Tommy Flanagan
* The Four Buddies
* Stan Getz
* Dexter Gordon
* Gigi Gryce
* Lenny Hambro Quintet
* Wilbur Harden
* Wilbert Harrison
* Milt Jackson
* The Jive Bombers
* J. J. Johnson
* Yusef Lateef
* Roberta Martin
* Big Maybelle
* Big Jay McNeely
* Charles Mingus
* Hank Mobley
* Lee Morgan
* Fats Navarro
* Tiger Onitsuka
* Charlie Parker
* Steve Reynolds
* Hal Singer
* The Temptations
* Lennie Tristano
* Clara Ward
* Paul Williams
* Lester Young

Further reading

*"Swing City:Newark Nightlife, 1925-1950," by Barbara K. Kukla.

External links

* [http://slgmusic.com/sites/slgmusic/home.asp Official website]
* [http://www.savoyjazz.com SavoyJazz.com]
* [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/savoy.htm Discographical listing]
* [http://www.island.net/~blues/savoy.htm Gospel discography]

See also

* List of record labels


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