- Hjalmar Branting
Infobox Prime Minister
name = Hjalmar Branting
order = 16th
Prime Minister of Sweden
10 March 1920
27 October 1920
13 October 1921
19 April 1923
18 October 1924
24 January 1925
Oscar von Sydow
successor1 = Louis De Geer
birth_date = birth date|1860|11|23|df=y
death_date = death date and age|1925|2|24|1860|11|23|df=y
party = Social Democrats
Anna Branting(née Jäderin)
religon = Lutheran/
Church of Sweden
Audio|sv-Hjalmar_Branting.ogg|Karl Hjalmar Branting (
23 November 1860– 24 February 1925) was a Swedish politician. He was the leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party(1907–1925), and Prime Minister during three separate periods (1920, 1922–1923, and 1924–1925). When Branting first came to power in 1920, he was not only the first Swedish Prime Minister who took office following elections with universal suffrage, but also the first socialistpolitician in Europe to do so.
His education was in mathematical astronomy, and he was an assistant at the
Stockholm Observatory; but he gave up scientific work to become a journalist in 1884. He began editing the newspaper "Social-Demokraten" in 1886, was together with August Palmone of the main organizers of the Swedish Social Democratic Partyin 1889, and was its first Member of Parliament from 1896, and for six years the only one.
He led the Social Democrats in opposing a war to keep
Norwayunited with Sweden. When the crisis came in 1905, he coined the slogan "Hands off Norway, King!" The Social Democrats organized resistance to a call-up of reserves and a general strike against a war, and are credited with a substantial share in preventing one. Hjalmar Branting accepted Eduard Bernstein's revision of Marxismand became a reformist socialist, advocating a peaceful transition from capitalismtowards socialism. He believed that if workers were given the vote, this could be achieved by parliamentary ways. Branting supported the February Revolutionin Russiain 1917. He was pro- Menshevikand defended the government of Kerensky, who he even personally visited in Petrograd. When the October Revolutionbroke out the same year, Branting condemned the Bolshevikseizure of power. 1917 saw a split in the Swedish Social Democratic Party on this question, and the youth league and the revolutionary sections of the party broke away and formed the Social Democratic Left Party of Sweden, headed by Zeth Höglund. This group soon became the Swedish CommunistParty. Zeth Höglund later returned to the Social Democratic Party, and wrote a two-volume biography about Hjalmar Branting.
As Prime Minister he brought Sweden into the
League of Nationsand was personally active as a delegate within it. When the question of whether Ålandshould be handed over to Swedenafter the independence of Finlandfrom Russia was brought up, he let the League of Nation decide upon the issue. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prizein 1921 for his work in the League of Nations.
Branting is commemorated by the
Branting Monumentin Stockholm. Additionally in Gothenburgthere is a tram and bus interchange named after Branting, in Swedish it is Hjalmar Brantingsplatsen.
Swedish general election, 1921
* [http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1921/index.html Nobel Committee information on 1921 Laureates] .
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