- Treaty of Karlowitz
The Treaty (Peace) of Karlowitz (Karlovci) was signed on
January 26, 1699in Sremski Karlovci(Serbian Cyrillic: Сремски Карловци, Croatian: "Srijemski Karlovci", German: "Karlowitz", Turkish: "Karlofça", Hungarian: "Karlóca"), a town in modern-day Serbia, concluding the Austro-Ottoman War of 1683– 1697in which the Ottoman side had finally been defeated at the Battle of Zenta.
Following a two-month
congressbetween the Ottoman Empireon one side and the Holy League of 1684, a coalition of various European powers including the Habsburg Monarchy, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Republic of Veniceand Peter I of Russia[Robert Bideleux, Ian Jeffries, p. 86.] , a treaty was signed on January 26, 1699. The Ottomans ceded most of Hungary, Transylvaniaand Slavoniato Austria while Podoliareturned to Poland. Most of Dalmatiapassed to Venice, along with the Morea(the Peloponnesuspeninsula), which the Ottomans regained in the Treaty of Passarowitzof 1718.
The Treaty of Karlowitz marked the beginning of the Ottoman decline, and made the
Habsburg Monarchythe dominant power in Central Europe.
*Bideleux, Robert., Jeffries, Ian., "A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change", Routledge, New York, 1998 ISBN 0415161118
* [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9020364/Treaty-of-Carlowitz Encyclopædia Britannica - Treaty of Karlowitz]
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