Treaty of Karlowitz

The Treaty (Peace) of Karlowitz (Karlovci) was signed on January 26, 1699 in Sremski Karlovci (Serbian Cyrillic: Сремски Карловци, Croatian: "Srijemski Karlovci", German: "Karlowitz", Turkish: "Karlofça", Hungarian: "Karlóca"), a town in modern-day Serbia, concluding the Austro-Ottoman War of 1683–1697 in which the Ottoman side had finally been defeated at the Battle of Zenta.

Following a two-month congress between the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Holy League of 1684, a coalition of various European powers including the Habsburg Monarchy, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Republic of Venice and Peter I of Russia [Robert Bideleux, Ian Jeffries, p. 86.] , a treaty was signed on January 26, 1699. The Ottomans ceded most of Hungary, Transylvania and Slavonia to Austria while Podolia returned to Poland. Most of Dalmatia passed to Venice, along with the Morea (the Peloponnesus peninsula), which the Ottomans regained in the Treaty of Passarowitz of 1718.

The Treaty of Karlowitz marked the beginning of the Ottoman decline, and made the Habsburg Monarchy the dominant power in Central Europe.



*Bideleux, Robert., Jeffries, Ian., "A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change", Routledge, New York, 1998 ISBN 0415161118

External links

* [ Encyclopædia Britannica - Treaty of Karlowitz]

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