Bumin Khan

Bumin Khan (death: 552 AD) was the founder of the Göktürk Empire. He is mentioned as "Tumen" (土門) in the ancient Chinese sources. His name means "smoke cloud". Little is known about his life, and most of the information comes from legends in which he gathers a group of Turkic people living in a legendary place called Ergenekon located in the inaccessible valleys of the Altay Mountains.

In 542 he put down a revolt of the Tiele tribes against their overlords the Avars (Rouran, Ruan-Ruan). In return he asked and was refused the hand of an Avar princess. His next move was to successfully establish contact with the Wei state in China. According to Chinese records, in 545 the Sogdian envoy An Nopantuo led a diplomatic mission to China. As a result of the mission, the Göktürk-Chinese alliance was sealed by Bumin's marriage to the princess Wei Chang'le (長樂公主).

The beginning of formal diplomatic relations with China propped up Bumin's authority among the Turks. He eventually united the local Turkic tribes and threw off the yoke of the Avar domination. With their defeat he proclaimed the Turkic Empire (Gökturk Khaganate) and assumed the title of Il-Khagan ("great-king", 伊利可汗) at the sacred Mt. Ötüuken.

Bumin died within several months after proclaiming himself Il-Khagan. He was succeeded by his brother Istami in the west and by his son Muhan Khan in the east. In less than one century, his empire expanded to comprise most of Central Asia.

References


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  • Bumin Khan — Bumin Bumin est né vers 490 et est peut être mort le 12 mars 554[1]. Il est le fondateur de l empire des Köktürks. Dans les textes chinois, il est mentionné sous le nom de Tumen. Bumin signifie « nuage de fumée ». On ne sait pas grand… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bumin — est né vers 490 et est peut être mort le 12 mars 554[1]. Il est le fondateur de l empire des Köktürks. Dans les textes chinois, il est mentionné sous le nom de Tumen. Bumin signifie « nuage de fumée ». On ne sait pas grand chose de lui …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bumin Ilkhan — Bumin Kaghan († 552) war der Begründer des ersten türkischen Reiches in der Geschichte, des Göktürkischen Reiches. Bis zur Entdeckung der Orchon Runen (1889) und der Entzifferung der Schriften auf ihnen (1893) durch den dänischen Philologen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bumin Kaghan — († 552) war der Begründer des ersten türkischen Reiches in der Geschichte, des Göktürkischen Reiches. Bis zur Entdeckung der Orchon Runen (1889) und der Entzifferung der Schriften auf ihnen (1893) durch den dänischen Philologen Vilhelm Thomsen[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bumin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bumin Khan (? – 552) fue el fundador del imperio de los Köktürks. En los textos Chinos aparece mencionado como Tumen Bumin que significa nube de humo . No se sabe gran cosa acerca de este personaje y la mayor parte… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bumın Kagan — († 552) war der Begründer des ersten türkischen Reiches in der Geschichte, des Göktürkischen Reiches. Bis zur Entdeckung der Orchon Runen (1889) und der Entzifferung der Schriften auf ihnen (1893) durch den dänischen Philologen Vilhelm Thomsen[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Taspar Khan — ( Tabo, Tuobo, Tapo Khan , 佗鉢) was the third son of Bumin Khan and Wei Changle (長樂公主), and the fourth khagan of the first Göktürk Empire (572 581).cite book last =Deny first = authorlink = coauthors =Jean Deny, Louis Bazin, Hans Robert Roemer,… …   Wikipedia

  • Muhan Khan — (other spellings include Muhan, Mohan, Mukan, Mukhan, Mokhan, Sijin, Muchu Qaghan, Bek Khan , 木杆) was the second son of Bumin Khan and the third khagan of the Göktürks who expanded their empire and secured the borders against the… …   Wikipedia

  • Chebi Khan — Chebi Khagan (Chinese: 車鼻可汗/车鼻可汗, Modern Chinese: (Pinyin): chēbí kěhàn, (Wade Giles): ch e pi k o han, Middle Chinese (Guangyun) [tɕʰi̯a˥˩bʰi˩ kʰɑ˥ɣɑn˩˥]), personal name Ashina Hubo (阿史那斛勃, āshǐnà húbó, a shih na hu po), full regal title… …   Wikipedia

  • Chuluo Khan — This article is about the eastern khan. For the western khan with the same title, see Heshana Khan. Chulo Khagan (Chinese: 處羅可汗/处罗可汗, Modern Chinese: (Pinyin): chùluo kěhàn, (Wade Giles): ch u lo k o han, Middle Chinese: (Guangyun) [tɕʰi̯o˥lɑ˩… …   Wikipedia

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