Thurgau


Thurgau

Infobox Canton|short_name=Thurgau
local_names=Thurgau|coord=coord|47|35|N|9|4|E|region:CH-TG_type:adm1st|display=title
flag_img_path=Flag of Canton of Thurgau.svg
coa_img_path=Thurgovie-coat of arms.svg
locatormap_img_path=Swiss_Canton_Map_TG.pngcantonalmap_img_path=Map_of_Canton_Thurgau.pngcapital=Frauenfeld
area=991|area_rank=12th|area_scale=8
population=237,514|population_rank=13th|population_asof=2007
population_density=238
since=1803
abbr=TG
languages=German
executive=Regierungsrat|executive_members=5
legislative=Grosser Rat|parliament_members=130
highest=Hohgrat|highest_m=991|lowest=Thur River at the cantonal border in Neunforn|lowest_m=370
municipalities_number=80
districts_designation=Bezirke|districts_number=8|

Thurgau (German: Audio|De-Thurgau.ogg|"Thurgau", anglicized as "Thurgovia") is a northeast canton of Switzerland. The population is 237,514 (2007). The capital is Frauenfeld.

Geography

To the north the canton is bound by the Lake Constance across which lies Germany and Austria. The river Rhine creates the border in the northwest. To the south lies the canton of St. Gallen; to the west lie the cantons of Zürich and Schaffhausen.

The area of the canton is 991 km² and commonly divided into three hill masses. One of these stretches along Lake Constance in the north. Another is further inland between the river Thur and the river Murg. The third one forms the southern border of the canton and merges with the Hörnli mountain in the pre-Alps.

History

In prehistoric times the lands of the canton were inhabited by people of the Pfyn culture along the lake. During Roman times the canton was part of the province "Raetia" until in 450 the lands were settled by the Alamanni. It was only in the 8th century that the canton became a political unit similar to what it is known today, as a Gau of the Frankish Empire. At the time, however, the area was not so clearly defined and changed frequently. Overall, the size of the Thurgau was larger, but during the Middle Ages the canton became smaller in size. The dukes of Zähringen and the counts of Kyburg took over much of the land.The town of Zürich was part of the Thurgau until it became "reichsunmittelbar" in 1218. When the Kyburg dynasty became extinct in 1264 the Habsburgs took over that land. The Swiss confederation allied with ten freed bailiwicks of the former Toggenburg seized the lands of the Thurgau from the Habsburgs in 1460, and it became a subject territory of seven Swiss cantons (Zurich, Lucerne, Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, Zug and Glarus).

During the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland, both the Catholic and emerging Reformed parties sought to swing the subject territories, such as the Thurgau, to their side. In 1524, in an incident that resonated across Switzerland, local peasants occupied the cloister of Ittingen in the Thurgau, driving out the monks, destroying documents, and devastating the wine-cellar. Between 1526 and 1531, most of the Thurgau's population adopted the new Reformed faith spreading from Zurich; Zurich's defeat in the War of Kappel (1531) ended Reformed predominance. Instead, the First Peace of Kappel protected both Catholic and Reformed worship, though the provisions of the treaty generally favored the Catholics, who also made up a majority among the seven ruling cantons. Religious tensions over the Thurgau were an important background to the First War of Vilmergen (1656), during which Zurich briefly occupied the Thurgau.

In 1798 the land became a canton for the first time as part of the Helvetic Republic. In 1803 the canton of Thurgau became a member of the Swiss confederation. The current cantonal constitution dates from 1987.

Economy

The canton of Thurgau is known for its fine agricultural produce. Particularly, apples, pears, fruits and vegetables are well-known. The many orchards in the canton are mainly used for the production of cider. Wine is produced in the Thur valley.

There is also industry in the canton of Thurgau. The main industries are printing, textiles and handicrafts. Small and middle-sized businesses are important for the cantonal economy. Many of these are concentrated around the capital.

Demographics

The population is mostly German speaking. About two thirds of the population are Protestants with most of the remainder being Roman Catholics.

Districts

Municipalities

There are 80 municipalities in the canton (as of April 2004):


*Aadorf
*Affeltrangen
*Altnau
*Amlikon-Bissegg
*Amriswil
*Arbon
*Basadingen-Schlattingen
*Berg
*Berlingen
*Bettwiesen
*Bichelsee-Balterswil
*Birwinken
*Bischofszell
*Bottighofen
*Braunau
*Bürglen
*Bussnang
*Diessenhofen
*Dozwil
*Egnach
*Erlen
*Ermatingen
*Eschenz
*Eschlikon
*Felben-Wellhausen
*Fischingen
*Frauenfeld
*Gachnang
*Gottlieben
*Güttingen

*Hauptwil-Gottshaus
*Hefenhofen
*Herdern
*Hohentannen
*Homburg
*Horn
*Hüttlingen
*Hüttwilen
*Kemmental
*Kesswil
*Kradolf-Schönenberg
*Kreuzlingen
*Langrickenbach
*Lengwil
*Lommis
*Mammern
*Märstetten
*Matzingen
*Müllheim
*Münchwilen
*Münsterlingen
*Neunforn
*Pfyn
*Raperswilen
*Rickenbach
*Roggwil
*Romanshorn
*Salenstein
*Salmsach
*Schlatt

*Schönholzerswilen
*Sirnach
*Sommeri
*Steckborn
*Stettfurt
*Sulgen
*Tägerwilen
*Thundorf
*Tobel-Tägerschen
*Uesslingen-Buch
*Uttwil
*Wagenhausen
*Wäldi
*Wängi
*Warth-Weiningen
*Weinfelden
*Wigoltingen
*Wilen
*Wuppenau
*Zihlschlacht-Sitterdorf

"See also:" municipalities of Switzerland

External links

* [http://www.tg.ch Official website] de icon
* [http://www.statistik.admin.ch/stat_ch/ber00/ekan_tg.htm Official statistics]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thurgau — Thurgau, Kanton der nördlichen Schweiz, durch den Bodensee und Rhein von Baden, Württemberg und Bayern getrennt, umfaßt 1011,6 qkm (18,3 QM.). Wappen des Kantons Thurgan. In dem zum Talsystem der Murg gehörenden Hinterthurgau steigt das Land fast …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thurgau — Thurgau, 1) Canton der Schweiz, an Baden, den Bodensee u. die Cantone St. Gallen, Zürich u. Schaffhausen grenzend, 18,07 QM. Die kleine Exclave Schloß u. Dorf Horn am Bodensee ist von St. Gallischem Gebiet umschlossen. Der Canton bildet ein… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thurgau — Thurgau, Kanton der nordöstl. Schweiz, am Bodensee und Rhein, 1005 qkm, (1900) 113.221 meist prot. E. (35.824 Katholiken); Hügelland, von der Thur bewässert; Hauptstadt Frauenfeld. – 1460 den Österreichern entrissen und durch Landvögte verwaltet; …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thurgau — Thurgau, schweizer. Kanton, von der ihn durchfließenden Thur benannt, gränzt an St. Gallen, den Bodensee, Baden, Schaffhausen, Zürich, ist von den Rücken des Molassegebirges erfüllt, 16 QM. groß, fruchtbar an Getreide, Wein und Obst. Die Einw.,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Thurgau — [tür gō̂ vē′toor′gou΄] canton of NE Switzerland, on Lake Constance: 383 sq mi (992 sq km); pop. 220,000: Fr. name Thurgovie [tür gō̂ vē′] …   English World dictionary

  • Thurgau — Kanton Thurgau Wappen des Kantons Thurgau Basisdaten Hauptort: Frauenfeld Fläche: 991 km² (Rang 12) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thurgau — Thur|gau, der; [e]s: Schweizer Kanton. * * * Thurgau,   Kanton im Nordosten der Schweiz, 991 km2, (1999) 227 300 Einwohner (davon 18,9 % Ausländer); Hauptstadt ist Frauenfeld. Die überwiegend deutschsprachige Bevölkeru …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Thurgau — Canton de Thurgovie Canton de Thurgovie Kanton Thurgau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thurgau — /toohrdd gow/, n. a canton in NE Switzerland. 184,500; 388 sq. mi. (1005 sq. km). Cap.: Frauenfeld. * * * ▪ canton, Switzerland (German), French  Thurgovie,         canton, northeastern Switzerland. It is bordered on the north by Lake Constance… …   Universalium

  • Thurgau — 1. Poch, Thurgau, poch; schaff ich nichts, so zehr ich doch. – Kirchhofer, 118; Körte, 5981; Körte2, 7499. Kirchhofer bemerkt mit den Worten einer alten Chronik: »Aus dem nämlichen guten Willen, den die Thurgauer zum Kriege wie zur Arbeit haben,… …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon


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