Sacrifice fly

In baseball, a batted ball is considered a sacrifice fly if the following four criteria are met:

* There are fewer than two outs when the ball is hit.
* The ball is hit to the outfield.
* The batter is out because an outfielder or an infielder running in the outfield catches the ball (or would have been out if not for an error).
* A runner who is already on base scores on the play.

As addressed within Rule 10.09(e) of the Official Baseball Rules [ [http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/official_rules/foreword.jsp Official Baseball Rules ] ] , a sacrifice fly is not counted as a turn at bat for the batter, though the batter is credited with a run batted in.

The purpose of not counting a sacrifice fly as an at bat is to avoid penalizing hitters for a successful tactical maneuver. The sacrifice fly is one of two instances in baseball where a batter is not charged with a time at bat after putting a ball in play; the other is the sacrifice hit. However, a sacrifice fly still reduces a player's on base percentage, and a player on a hitting streak will have the hit streak end if he has no official at-bats but he has a sacrifice fly.

The sacrifice fly is credited even if another runner is put out on appeal for failing to tag up, so long as a run scores prior to the third out. In the case of a fly ball dropped for an error, the sacrifice fly is only credited if the official scorer believes the run would have scored had the ball been caught.

Records

The most sacrifice flies by a team in one game is five; the record was established by the Seattle Mariners in 1988 and tied by the Colorado Rockies in 2006 [ [http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/recap?gameId=260607127 Torrealba's slam, five sac flies power Rockies past Bucs] , ESPN News.] and then tied again in 2008 by the Seattle Mariners [ [http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/mariners/2004351837_mari16.html Seattle Mariners ride flurry of sacrifice flies to 11-6 victory over Kansas City Royals] .] .

Since the rule was reinstated in its present form, Gil Hodges of the Dodgers holds the record for most sacrifice flies in one season with 19, in 1954; [ [http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/SF_season.shtml Single Season Records] , baseball-reference.com.] Eddie Murray holds the record for most sacrifice flies in a career with 128. [ [http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/SF_career.shtml Career Records] , baseball-reference.com.]

As of the 2007 seasonUpdate after|2008|10|31, players who have hit 115 or more career sacrifice flies: [ [http://mlb.mlb.com/stats/historical/player_stats.jsp?c_id=mlb&section1=1&statSet1=2&sortByStat=SF&statType=1&timeFrame=3&timeSubFrame=0&baseballScope=mlb&prevPage1=2&readBoxes=true&sitSplit=&venueID=&teamPosCode=all&HS=true Historical Player Stats] , MLB.com.]

# Eddie Murray (128)
# Cal Ripken, Jr. (127)
# Robin Yount (123)
# Hank Aaron (121)
# George Brett (120)
# Rubén SierraPlayer active (as of 2007).] (120)Update after|2008|10|31
# Rafael Palmeiro (119)
# Frank Thomas (119)Update after|2008|10|31
# Daniel "Rusty" Staub (119)
# Andre Dawson (118)
# Don Baylor (115)

History

Batters have not been charged with a time at-bat for a sacrifice hit since 1893, but baseball has changed the sacrifice fly rule multiple times. The sacrifice fly as a statistical category was instituted in 1908, only to be discontinued in 1931. The rule was again adopted in 1939, only to be eliminated again in 1940, before being adopted for the last time in 1954.

References

External links

* [http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/official_rules/official_scorer_10.jsp "MLB" Official Rules: 10.00 The Official Scorer] , from the Major League Baseball website
* [http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/excerpts/rules_chronology2.stm Chronology that includes the chronology of the sacrifice fly rule] , from baseballlibrary.com


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • sacrifice fly — ☆ sacrifice fly n. Baseball a fly ball that is caught for an out and that enables a runner to score from third base after the catch: see also AT BAT …   English World dictionary

  • sacrifice fly — noun a sacrifice made by hitting a long fly ball (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑sacrifice * * * noun : a fly in baseball that enables a base runner to score after the catch and that gives the batter credit for a run batted in but is not recored as an… …   Useful english dictionary

  • sacrifice fly — noun A fly ball that allowed a runner to advance after it was caught Jones sacrifice fly brought in the tying run. Syn: sac fly …   Wiktionary

  • sacrifice fly — {n.} A baseball hit high in the air that helps a runner score after it is caught. * /Mantle drove in two runs with a single and a sacrifice fly./ …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • sacrifice fly — {n.} A baseball hit high in the air that helps a runner score after it is caught. * /Mantle drove in two runs with a single and a sacrifice fly./ …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • sacrifice\ fly — noun A baseball hit high in the air that helps a runner score after it is caught. Mantle drove in two runs with a single and a sacrifice fly …   Словарь американских идиом

  • sacrifice fly — sac′rifice fly n. spo a fly ball in baseball that enables a base runner, usu. at third base, to score after the ball is caught • Etymology: 1965–70 …   From formal English to slang

  • sacrifice fly — noun Date: 1944 an outfield fly in baseball caught by a fielder after which a runner scores …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sacrifice fly — Baseball. a fly ball when there are fewer than two players out that enables a base runner, usually at third base, to score after the ball is caught. [1965 70] * * * …   Universalium

  • Sacrifice — (from a Middle English verb meaning to make sacred , from Old French, from Latin sacrificium : sacr , sacred + facere , to make ) is commonly known as the practice of offering food, objects (typically valuables), or the lives of animals or people …   Wikipedia

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