- Sacrifice fly
baseball, a batted ball is considered a sacrifice fly if the following four criteria are met:
* There are fewer than two outs when the ball is hit.
* The ball is hit to the
* The batter is out because an outfielder or an
infielderrunning in the outfield catches the ball (or would have been out if not for an error).
* A runner who is already on base scores on the play.
As addressed within Rule 10.09(e) of the Official Baseball Rules [ [http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/official_rules/foreword.jsp Official Baseball Rules ] ] , a sacrifice fly is not counted as a turn
at batfor the batter, though the batter is credited with a run batted in.
The purpose of not counting a sacrifice fly as an at bat is to avoid penalizing hitters for a successful tactical maneuver. The sacrifice fly is one of two instances in baseball where a batter is not charged with a time at bat after putting a ball in play; the other is the
sacrifice hit. However, a sacrifice fly still reduces a player's on base percentage, and a player on a hitting streakwill have the hit streak end if he has no official at-bats but he has a sacrifice fly.
The sacrifice fly is credited even if another runner is put out on appeal for failing to
tag up, so long as a run scores prior to the third out. In the case of a fly ball dropped for an error, the sacrifice fly is only credited if the official scorer believes the run would have scored had the ball been caught.
The most sacrifice flies by a team in one game is five; the record was established by the
Seattle Marinersin 1988 and tied by the Colorado Rockiesin 2006 [ [http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/recap?gameId=260607127 Torrealba's slam, five sac flies power Rockies past Bucs] , ESPN News.] and then tied again in 2008 by the Seattle Mariners[ [http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/mariners/2004351837_mari16.html Seattle Mariners ride flurry of sacrifice flies to 11-6 victory over Kansas City Royals] .] .
Since the rule was reinstated in its present form,
Gil Hodgesof the Dodgers holds the record for most sacrifice flies in one season with 19, in 1954; [ [http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/SF_season.shtml Single Season Records] , baseball-reference.com.] Eddie Murrayholds the record for most sacrifice flies in a career with 128. [ [http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/SF_career.shtml Career Records] , baseball-reference.com.]
As of the 2007 seasonUpdate after|2008|10|31, players who have hit 115 or more career sacrifice flies: [ [http://mlb.mlb.com/stats/historical/player_stats.jsp?c_id=mlb§ion1=1&statSet1=2&sortByStat=SF&statType=1&timeFrame=3&timeSubFrame=0&baseballScope=mlb&prevPage1=2&readBoxes=true&sitSplit=&venueID=&teamPosCode=all&HS=true Historical Player Stats] , MLB.com.]
Cal Ripken, Jr.(127)
# George Brett (120)
Rubén SierraPlayer active (as of 2007).] (120)Update after|2008|10|31
# Frank Thomas (119)Update after|2008|10|31
# Daniel "Rusty" Staub (119)
Batters have not been charged with a time at-bat for a sacrifice hit since 1893, but baseball has changed the sacrifice fly rule multiple times. The sacrifice fly as a statistical category was instituted in 1908, only to be discontinued in 1931. The rule was again adopted in 1939, only to be eliminated again in 1940, before being adopted for the last time in 1954.
* [http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/official_rules/official_scorer_10.jsp "MLB" Official Rules: 10.00 The Official Scorer] , from the
Major League Baseballwebsite
* [http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/excerpts/rules_chronology2.stm Chronology that includes the chronology of the sacrifice fly rule] , from baseballlibrary.com
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