- Hamadān Province
Infobox Iran Province
province_name = Hamadān
ostan_name = همدان
latd = 34.7982
longd = 48.5146
area = 19,368
pop = 1,738,772
pop_year = 2005
pop_density = 89.8
sub_provinces = 8
languages= Persian Azeri Luri Laki Kurdish
Hamadān or Hamedan ( _fa. استان همدان) is one of the 30 provinces of
Iran. Its center is Hamedancity. The province of Hamedan covers an area of 19,546 km². In the year 1996, Hamedan province had a population of approximately 1.7 million people.
Other major cities of Hamedan province are:
Toyserkan, Nahavand, Malayer, Asad Abad, Bahar, Razan, Kabudrahang.
The province lies in an elevated region, with the 'Alvand' mountains, running from the north west to the south west. These are part of the
Zagrosmountain range of Iran.
Hamedan enjoys temperate warm summers and relatively cold winters.
Demographics and Languages
Malayercountry has a population of around 330,000 people, Nahavandcounty has a population of 200,000 people, Hamadan Countyhas a population of 700 thousand people, Tooserkan and Asadabad each have a population of around 150,000, Kabutare ahang, Razan, and Bahar each have a population of between 120,000 - 140,000 people.
Kurdish, Azeri, Luri, and
Persian languageare spoken amongst the people of Hamadan Province, where Azeri is more popular in northern and eastern areas and Kurdish are mostly spoken in the west. In the central parts like Hamadan Countyand parts of Tooserkan, Persian is more common. Luri is spoken in southern parts of Malayercountry and all of Nahavand[http://www.hamedanmiras.ir/en_site/mardom-zaban.htm] .Most of the residents are of Persian and Azeriorigin, but a big minority are of Luriand Kurdish origin.
Hamedan province is one of the most ancient parts of Iran and its civilization. Relics of this area confirm this fact. Today's Hamedan is what is left of
Ecbatana, The Medes' capital before they formed a union with the Persians. The poet Ferdowsisays that Ecbatana was built by King Jamshid.
According to historical records, there was once a castle in this city by the name of Haft Hessar (Seven Walls) which had a thousand rooms and its grandeur equalled that of the Babylon Tower.
The structures of city are related to "Diya Aku", a King of the
Medesfrom 700 BC. According to Greek records, this territory was called 'Ekbatan' and 'Hegmataneh' by this King, thus transformed into a huge capital.
Parthian era, Ctesiphonbecame capital of Persia, and Hamedan became the summer capital and residence of the Parthian rulers. After the Parthians, the Sassanids constructed their summer palaces in Hamedan as well.
In the year
633when the war of Nahavandtook place and Hamedan came into the hands of the invading Arabs, at times it thrived and at times it declined and witnessed hardships. During the Buwayhids, it suffered plenty of damages. In the 11th century, the Seljuksshifted their capital from Baghdadto Hamedan once again.
The city of Hamaden which was always assaulted by the rise and fall of powers, was completely destroyed during the
Timuridinvasion. But during the Safavidera the city thrived once more. Thereafter, in the 18th century , Hamedan surrendered to the Ottomans, but due to the courage and chivalry of Nader Shah Afshari, Hamedan was cleared of the invaders and according to the peace treaty between Iran and the Ottomans, it was thus returned to Iran.
The city of Hamedan lay on the
Silk Roadand even in recent centuries enjoyed good prospects in commerce and trade being on the main road network in the western region of Iran.
According to local Jewish traditions, the City of Hamedan is mentioned in the
Bible, as the capital of Ancient Persia in the days of King Ahasuerusin the Book of Esther. It was then known as Shushan. The Tombs of Mordecaiand Estherare located in modern-day Hamedan.
The province has a population of just over 2 million. (As of 2008)The province is divided into 8
Shahrestans (≈counties), which in turn are divided into 23 Bakhshs (≈districts) in total. These divisions are shown on the map as well as the center of each county and the neighbor provinces.
Colleges and universities
Bu-Ali Sina University
*# [http://www.hut.ac.ir/ Hamedan University of Technology]
*# [http://www.umsha.ac.ir University of Medical Sciences of Hamedan]
*# [http://www.iauh.ac.ir/ Islamic Azad University of Hamedan]
*# Payam Noor University of Hamedan
*# Payam Noor University of Bahar
*# Payam Noor University of Kabootar Ahang
*# Payam Noor University of Malayer
*# Payam Noor University of Toyserkan
*# Payam Noor University of Nahavand
*# Payam Noor University of razan
*# Islamic Azad University of Toyserkan
*# Islamic Azad University of Malayer
*# Islamic Azad University of Nahavand
The Cultural Heritage of Iran lists 442 sites of historical and cultural significance located in Hamedan, thus making the province a rich one in terms of historical attractions.
Some of the most popular sites are:
Baba Taherthe poet
#Ganj Nameh inscriptions of Darius The Great
#Ali Sadr (Ardeles) cave
#Waterfall of Ganjnameh
#Stone Lion of Hamedan
#Abass Abad jangle(Baugh)
#Hegmatane (Ekbatan) City of 5000 years ago
#Grand Bazzar of Mozafarieh
* [http://www.ostan-hm.ir/ Official website of Hamedan Governorship]
* [http://www.hamedanmiras.ir/ Hamedan Cultural Heritage Organization]
* [http://www.hegmataneh.ir/ Official website of Hegmataneh (Ecbatana)]
* [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v11f6/v11f6023.html Hamadān] entries in the [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/home/index.isc Encyclopædia Iranica]
* [http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=392813 Photos from around Hamadan province] -Includes Alisadr Cave and Hamadan City.
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