B is the second letter in the
Latin alphabet. Its name in English is spelled bee or occasionally be (pronEng|biː), plural bees. ["B" "Oxford English Dictionary," 2nd edition (1989); "Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged" (1993); "bee," op. cit.]
The letter B might have started as a
pictogramof the floorplan of a house in Egyptian hieroglyphs or the Proto-Sinaitic alphabet. By 1050 BC, the Phoenician alphabet's letter had a linear form that served as the beth.
The modern lowercase letter "b" derives from later Roman times, when scribes began omitting the upper loop of the capital.
The letter B is often confused with the visually similar German
ßwhich stands for "ss".
In English and most other languages that use the Latin alphabet, the letter b denotes the
voiced bilabial plosive(IPAEng|b), as in "bib". In English it is sometimes silent, as in "debt" or "comb" (however the 'b' in 'comb' was actually pronounced at one time). In Estonian, Icelandic, and in Chinese transcription, B is not voiced, but is still contrasted to P, which is geminated IPA|/pp/ in Estonian and aspirated IPA|/pʰ/ in Chinese and Icelandic. In Fijian B is prenasalized IPA2|mb, whereas in Zulu and Xhosa it is implosive IPA2|ɓ, in contrast to the digraphBh which represents IPA2|b.
Finnish uses the letter "b" only for loanwords.
In the and
X-SAMPA, letter IPA|/b/ denotes the voiced bilabial plosive. Variants of the letter b denote related bilabial consonants, like the voiced bilabial implosiveand the bilabial trill. In X-SAMPA, capital B denotes the voiced bilabial fricative.
B is also a
Codes for computing
Unicodethe capital B is codepoint U+0042 and the lower caseb is U+0062.
ASCIIcode for capital B is 66 and for lowercase b is 98; or in binary 01000010 and 01100010, correspondingly.
EBCDICcode for capital B is 194 and for lowercase b is 130.
numeric character references in HTMLand XMLare"&#66;" and "&#98;" for upper and lower caserespectively.
*В, в :
*The Semitic letter Bet
B postcode area(United Kingdom) af:B als:B ar:B arc:B ast:B az:B zh-min-nan:B bs:B ca:B cs:B co:B cy:B da:B de:B dv:B et:B el:B es:B eo:B eu:B fa:B fur:B gan:B gd:B gl:B ko:B hr:B io:B ilo:B is:B it:B he:B ka:B kw:B sw:B ht:B la:B lv:B lb:B lt:B hu:B mzn:B ms:B nah:B ja:B no:B nn:B nrm:B pl:B pt:B crh:B ro:B qu:B se:B scn:B simple:B sk:B sl:B szl:B fi:B sv:B tl:B th:B vi:B tk:B vo:B wuu:B yo:B zh-yue:B bat-smg:B zh:B
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.