Simon the Zealot

:"St. Simon redirects here. See also Saint-Simon." Infobox Saint
name=Saint Simon the Zealot
birth_date=
death_date=~107 [ [http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/21850 San Simone ] ]
feast_day=October 28 (Roman Catholic Church); May 10 (Coptic Church)
venerated_in= Roman Catholic Church; Eastern Orthodox Church; Coptic Church; Oriental Orthodox Churches, Eastern Catholic Churches; Anglican Church; Lutheran Church.


imagesize=150px
caption=Eastern Orthodox icon of the Apostle Simon
birth_place= Cana or Canaan
death_place=place of death disputed. Possibly Pella, Armenia; Suanir, Persia; Edessa
titles=Apostle and Martyr
beatified_date=
beatified_place=
beatified_by=
canonized_date=
canonized_place=
canonized_by=
attributes=boat; cross and saw; fish (or two fish); lance; man being sawn in two longitudinally; oar [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ]
patronage=curriers; sawyers; tanners [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ]
major_shrine= relics claimed by many places, including Toulouse; Saint Peter's Basilica [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ]
suppressed_date=
issues=
The apostle called Simon Zelotes, Simon the Zealot, in Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13; and Simon Kananaios ("Simon" signifying שמעון "hearkening; listening", Standard Hebrew unicode|Šimʿon, Tiberian Hebrew unicode|Šimʿôn), was one of the most obscure among the apostles of Jesus. Little is recorded of him aside from his name, few pseudepigraphical writings were connected to him (but see below), and Jerome does not include him in "De viris illustribus".

The name of Simon occurs in all the passages of the synoptic gospels and Acts that give a list of apostles, without further details. :"Simon, whom he named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot, and Judas" ["the son" is interpolated] "of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor." ("Luke" 6:12-16, RSV)

To distinguish him from Simon Peter, he is called "Kananaios", or "Kananites" (Matthew 10:4; Mark 3:18), and in the list of apostles in Luke 6:15, repeated in Acts 1:13, "Zelotes," the "Zealot". Both titles derive from the Hebrew word "qana", meaning "The Zealous", though Jerome and others mistook the word to signify the apostle was from the town of Cana (in which case his epithet would have been "Kanaios") or even from the region of Canaan. As such, the translation of the word as "the Cananite" or "the Canaanite" is purely traditional and without contemporary extra-canonic parallel.

Robert Eisenman has pointed out [Robert Eisenman, "." (Viking Penguin) . 1997. :33-4.] contemporary talmudic references to Zealots as "kanna'im" "but not really as a group — rather as avenging priests in the Temple". (Eisenman's broader conclusions, that the zealot element in the original apostle group was disguised and overwritten to make it support the assimilative Pauline Christianity of the Gentiles is more controversial.)

In the canonic New Testament, Simon the Zealot is never identified with Simon the brother of Jesus mentioned in "Gospel of Mark" 6:3 ::"Isn't this the carpenter? Isn't this Mary's son and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas and Simon? Aren't his sisters here with us?"" —New International Version.

That Simon was Simeon of Jerusalem, counted by the Church as the second Patriarch of Jerusalem after James the Just.

In later tradition

St. Isidore of Seville drew together the accumulated anecdotes of St. Simon in "De Vita et Morte"; the fully-developed aura of legend is presented in the "Legenda Aurea" ("ca" 1260). [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/golden296.htm The Golden
]
]

In later tradition, Simon is often associated with St. Jude as a proselytizing team; they share their feast day on 28 October. The most widespread tradition is that after evangelizing in Egypt, Simon joined Jude in Persia and Armenia, where both were martyred. This version is the one found in the Golden Legend.

Later traditions expand on an independent personality for Simon and speculate about his fate. One tradition states that he travelled in the Middle East and Africa. Christian Ethiopians claim that he was crucified in Samaria, while Justus Lipsius writes that he was sawn in half at Suanir, Persia. [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ] However, Moses of Chorene writes that he was martyred at Weriosphora in Caucasian Iberia. [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ] Tradition also claims he died peacefully at Edessa. [ [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=241 St. Simon of Zealot - Catholic Online ] ] Another tradition says he visited Britain -- possibly Glastonbury -- and was martyred in modern-day Lincolnshire. Another, doubtless inspired by his title "the Zealot", states that he was involved in a Jewish revolt against the Romans, which was brutally suppressed.

The 2nd century "Epistle of the Apostles" ("Epistula Apostolorum") [ [http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/apostolorum.html Epistula Apostolorum ] ] , a polemic against gnostics, lists him among the apostles purported to be writing the letter (who include Thomas) as Judas Zelotes and certain Old Latin translations of the Gospel of Matthew substitute "Judas the Zealot" for Thaddeus/Lebbaeus in Matthew 10:3. To some readers, this suggests that he may be identical with the "Judas not Iscariot" mentioned in John 14:22: "Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?" As it has been suggested that Jude is identical with the apostle Thomas (see Jude Thomas), an identification of "Simon Zelotes" with Thomas is also possible. The New Testament records nothing more of Simon, aside from this multitude of pseudonyms.

In art, Simon has the identifying attribute of a saw because he was put to death by a saw.

See also the variant name Simeon.

ainthood

St. Simon, like the other Apostles, is regarded as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Eastern Catholic Churches, the Anglican Church and the Lutheran Church.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.virtualology.com/virtualmuseumofhistory/hallofspirituality/stsimontheapostle.com/ All appearances of "Simon" in the New Testament]
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/golden296.htm "Legenda Aurea":] Lives of Saints Simon and Jude
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13796b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "St. Simon the Apostle"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Simon the Zealot — noun one of the twelve Apostles (first century) • Syn: ↑Simon, ↑St. Simon, ↑Simon Zelotes, ↑Simon the Canaanite • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Apostle, ↑saint …   Useful english dictionary

  • Simon the Zealot — noun see Simon I …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Simon the Apostle, Saint — • Also known as Simon the Zealot Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Simon the Apostle, Saint — ▪ Christian Apostle also called  Simon the Zealot   flourished 1st century AD died , Persia or Edessa, Greece?; Western feast day October 28, Eastern feast day June 19  one of the Twelve Apostles. In the Gospels of Mark and Matthew, he bears the… …   Universalium

  • Simon the Canaanite — noun one of the twelve Apostles (first century) • Syn: ↑Simon, ↑St. Simon, ↑Simon Zelotes, ↑Simon the Zealot • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Apostle, ↑saint …   Useful english dictionary

  • Judas the Zealot — The name Judas the Zealot (Judas Zelotes) is mentioned in the Epistle of the Apostles (Epistula Apostolorum), written in the 2nd century. He is usually identified with the Apostle Simon the Zealot, with which he shares the surname, or with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Simon — See also: Simeon Infobox Given name 2 gender = male meaning = he has heard origin = Genesis 29:33Simon is a common name, from Hebrew שִׁמְעוֹן Šimʿon , meaning he [God] has heard (compare Ishmael ). *Simeon (name) *Simon (surname)People called… …   Wikipedia

  • Simon — (first century)    Apostle.    Simon was one of Jesus’s twelve original apostles. He is called the Canaanite by matthew and mark and the Zealot by luke. This may imply that he was a member of the Jewish freedom fighters who were to lead the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • The Last Days of Judas Iscariot — Infobox Play name = The Last Days of Judas Iscariot image size = 250px caption = The Last Days of Judas Iscariot Original West End Poster writer = Stephen Adly Guirgis chorus = characters = Judas Jesus Satan Henrietta Iscariot etc mute = setting …   Wikipedia

  • Simon — /suy meuhn/; Fr. /see mawonn / for 7, n. 1. the original name of the apostle Peter. Cf. Peter. 2. Simon the Zealot, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4. 3. the Canaanite, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15. 4. a… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”