- Simon the Zealot
:"St. Simon redirects here. See also
Saint-Simon." Infobox Saint
name=Saint Simon the Zealot
107[ [http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/21850 San Simone ] ]
October 28(Roman Catholic Church); May 10(Coptic Church)
Roman Catholic Church; Eastern Orthodox Church; Coptic Church; Oriental Orthodox Churches, Eastern Catholic Churches; Anglican Church; Lutheran Church.
Eastern Orthodox iconof the Apostle Simon
birth_place= Cana or Canaan
death_place=place of death disputed. Possibly Pella, Armenia; Suanir, Persia; Edessa
titles=Apostle and Martyr
attributes=boat; cross and saw; fish (or two fish); lance; man being sawn in two longitudinally; oar [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ]
patronage=curriers; sawyers; tanners [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ]
major_shrine= relics claimed by many places, including
Toulouse; Saint Peter's Basilica[ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ]
issues= The apostle called Simon Zelotes, Simon the Zealot, in Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13; and Simon Kananaios ("Simon" signifying שמעון "hearkening; listening",
Standard Hebrewunicode|Šimʿon, Tiberian Hebrewunicode|Šimʿôn), was one of the most obscure among the apostles of Jesus. Little is recorded of him aside from his name, few pseudepigraphical writings were connected to him (but see below), and Jeromedoes not include him in "De viris illustribus".
The name of Simon occurs in all the passages of the
synoptic gospelsand Acts that give a list of apostles, without further details. :"Simon, whom he named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot, and Judas" ["the son" is interpolated] "of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor." ("Luke" 6:12-16, RSV)
To distinguish him from Simon Peter, he is called "Kananaios", or "Kananites" (Matthew 10:4; Mark 3:18), and in the list of apostles in Luke 6:15, repeated in Acts 1:13, "Zelotes," the "Zealot". Both titles derive from the Hebrew word "qana", meaning "The Zealous", though
Jeromeand others mistook the word to signify the apostle was from the town of Cana(in which case his epithetwould have been "Kanaios") or even from the region of Canaan. As such, the translation of the word as "the Cananite" or "the Canaanite" is purely traditional and without contemporary extra-canonic parallel.
Robert Eisenman has pointed out [
Robert Eisenman, "." (Viking Penguin) . 1997. :33-4.] contemporary talmudic references to Zealots as "kanna'im" "but not really as a group — rather as avenging priests in the Temple". (Eisenman's broader conclusions, that the zealot element in the original apostle group was disguised and overwritten to make it support the assimilative Pauline Christianityof the Gentiles is more controversial.)
In the canonic New Testament, Simon the Zealot is never identified with Simon the brother of Jesus mentioned in "
Gospel of Mark" 6:3 ::"Isn't this the carpenter? Isn't this Mary's son and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas and Simon? Aren't his sisters here with us?"" — New International Version.
That Simon was
Simeon of Jerusalem, counted by the Church as the second Patriarch of Jerusalem after James the Just.
In later tradition
St. Isidore of Seville drew together the accumulated anecdotes of St. Simon in "De Vita et Morte"; the fully-developed aura of legend is presented in the "
Legenda Aurea" ("ca" 1260). [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/golden296.htm The Golden
In later tradition, Simon is often associated with
St. Judeas a proselytizing team; they share their feast dayon 28 October. The most widespread tradition is that after evangelizing in Egypt, Simon joined Jude in Persia and Armenia, where both were martyred. This version is the one found in the Golden Legend.
Later traditions expand on an independent personality for Simon and speculate about his fate. One tradition states that he travelled in the
Middle Eastand Africa. Christian Ethiopiansclaim that he was crucified in Samaria, while Justus Lipsiuswrites that he was sawn in half at Suanir, Persia. [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ] However, Moses of Chorenewrites that he was martyred at Weriosphorain Caucasian Iberia. [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saints07.htm Saint Simon the Apostle] ] Tradition also claims he died peacefully at Edessa. [ [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=241 St. Simon of Zealot - Catholic Online ] ] Another tradition says he visited Britain -- possibly Glastonbury-- and was martyred in modern-day Lincolnshire. Another, doubtless inspired by his title "the Zealot", states that he was involved in a Jewish revolt against the Romans, which was brutally suppressed.
The 2nd century "
Epistle of the Apostles" ("Epistula Apostolorum") [ [http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/apostolorum.html Epistula Apostolorum ] ] , a polemic against gnostics, lists him among the apostles purported to be writing the letter (who include Thomas) as Judas Zelotes and certain Old Latintranslations of the Gospel of Matthewsubstitute "Judas the Zealot" for Thaddeus/Lebbaeus in Matthew 10:3. To some readers, this suggests that he may be identical with the "Judas not Iscariot" mentioned in John 14:22: "Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?" As it has been suggested that Jude is identical with the apostle Thomas (see Jude Thomas), an identification of "Simon Zelotes" with Thomas is also possible. The New Testamentrecords nothing more of Simon, aside from this multitude of pseudonyms.
In art, Simon has the identifying attribute of a saw because he was put to death by a saw.
See also the variant name
St. Simon, like the other Apostles, is regarded as a saint by the
Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Eastern Catholic Churches, the Anglican Churchand the Lutheran Church.
* [http://www.virtualology.com/virtualmuseumofhistory/hallofspirituality/stsimontheapostle.com/ All appearances of "Simon" in the New Testament]
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/golden296.htm "Legenda Aurea":] Lives of Saints Simon and Jude
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13796b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "St. Simon the Apostle"]
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