Turkish language

*cite book|last=Findley|first=Carter V.|title=The Turks in World History|publisher=Oxford University Press|year=2004|month=October|isbn=0-19-517726-6
*cite paper|author=Johanson, Lars|title=Discoveries on the Turkic linguistic map|publisher=Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul|year=2001|url=http://www.srii.org/Map.pdf|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-03-18
*cite book|author=International Phonetic Association|authorlink=International Phonetic Association|year=1999|title=Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet|location=Cambridge|publisher=Cambridge University Press|id=ISBN 0-521-65236-7 (hb); ISBN 0-521-63751-1 (pb)|chapter= Turkish|pages=155
*Citation|last=Ishjatms|first=N.|chapter=Nomads In Eastern Central Asia|title=History of civilizations of Central Asia|publisher=UNESCO Publishing|year=1996|volume=2|month=October|isbn=92-3-102846-4
*cite book|last=Katzner|first=Kenneth|title=Languages of the World, Third Edition|publisher=Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Books Ltd.|year=2002|month=March|isbn=978-0415250047
*cite book|last=Lewis|first=Geoffrey|authorlink=Geoffrey Lewis (Turkish scholar)|title=Teach Yourself Turkish|publisher=English Universities Press|year=1953| isbn=978-0340492314 (2nd edition 1989)
*cite book|last=Lewis|first=Geoffrey|authorlink=Geoffrey Lewis (Turkish scholar)|title=Turkish Grammar|publisher=Oxford University Press|year=2001|isbn=0-19-870036-9
*cite book|last=Lewis|first=Geoffrey|authorlink=Geoffrey Lewis (Turkish scholar)|title=The Turkish Language Reform: A Catastrophic Success|publisher=Oxford University Press|year=2002|isbn=0-19-925669-1
*cite book|last=Nişanyan|first=Sevan|title=Sözlerin Soyağacı: Çağdaş Türkçenin Etimoloji Sözlüğü (Etymological Dictionary of Contemporary Turkish)|publisher=Adam Yayınları, Revised and Enlarged 3rd Edition|year=2007|isbn=975-418-868-4tr icon
*cite book|last=Özsoy|first=A. Sumru|coauthors=Taylan, Eser E. (eds.)|title=Türkçe’nin ağızları çalıştayı bildirileri (Workshop on the dialects of Turkish)|publisher=Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Yayınevi|year=2000|isbn=9755181407tr icon
*cite book|last=Soucek|first=Svat|title=A History of Inner Asia|publisher=Cambridge University Press|year=2000|month=March|isbn=978-0521651691
*cite paper|author=Vaux, Bert|title=Hemshinli: The Forgotten Black Sea Armenians|publisher=Harvard University|url=http://www.uwm.edu/~vaux/hamshen.pdf|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-04-24|year=2001

On-line sources
*cite web|author= [http://www.zft-online.de Center for Studies on Turkey] , University of Essen|publisher=Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association|url=http://www.tusiad.org/haberler/basin/ab/9.pdf|title=The European Turks: Gross Domestic Product, Working Population, Entrepreneurs and Household Data|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-01-06|year=2003
*cite web|author=Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.)|authorlink=Ethnologue|url=http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90009|title=Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Language Family Trees - Altaic|accessdate=2007-03-18|year=2005
*cite web|author=Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.)|authorlink=Ethnologue|url=http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kmr|title=Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Report for language code:kmr (Kurdish)|accessdate=2007-03-18|year=2005
*cite web|author=Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.)|authorlink=Ethnologue|url=http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=tur|title=Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Report for language code:tur (Turkish)|accessdate=2007-03-18|year=2005
*cite web|url=http://www.tdk.gov.tr/TR/BelgeGoster.aspx?F6E10F8892433CFFAAF6AA849816B2EFB40CE59E171C629F|title=Güncel Türkçe Sözlük|accessdate=2007-03-21|year=2005|publisher=Turkish Language Associationtr icon
*cite web|url=http://www.nisanyansozluk.com|title=Turkish Etymological Dictionary online|accessdate=2007-09-11|year=2006|publisher=Sevan Nişanyantr icon
*cite web|publisher=UCLA International Institute, Center for World Languages|url=http://www.lmp.ucla.edu/Profile.aspx?LangID=67&menu=004|title=Language Materials Project: Turkish|accessdate=2007-04-26|month=February | year=2007
*Citation|author= [http://www.tns-opinion.com TNS Opinion & Social] |publisher=European Commission Directorate of General Press and Communication|url=http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_243_en.pdf|title=Special Eurobarometer 243 / Wave 64.3: Europeans and their Languages|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-03-28|date=February 2006
*cite web|author=Turkish Language Association|authorlink=Turkish Language Association|url=http://www.tdk.gov.tr/TR/BelgeGoster.aspx?F6E10F8892433CFFAAF6AA849816B2EF2858DA18F4388CDD|title=Türk Dil Kurumu - Tarihçe (History of the Turkish Language Association)|accessdate=2007-03-18tr icon
*cite web|url=http://www.tdk.gov.tr/TR/BelgeGoster.aspx?F6E10F8892433CFFAAF6AA849816B2EF1A46C5FBFA979D0C|title=Türkçe Sözlük (2005)’teki Sözlerin Kökenlerine Ait Sayısal Döküm (Numerical list on the origin of words in "Türkçe Sözlük (2005)")|accessdate=2007-03-21|year=2005|publisher=Turkish Language Associationtr icon

Further reading
*cite book|last=Eyüboğlu|first=İsmet Zeki|title=Türk Dilinin Etimoloji Sözlüğü (Etymological Dictionary of the Turkish Language)|publisher=Sosyal Yayınları, İstanbul|year=1991|isbn=975-7384-72-2tr icon
*cite book|last=Özel|first=Sevgi|coauthors=Haldun Özen and Ali Püsküllüoğlu (eds.)|title=Atatürk'ün Türk Dil Kurumu ve Sonrası (Atatürk's Turkish Language Association and its Legacy)|publisher=Bilgi Yayınevi, Ankara|year=1986|oclc=18836678tr icon
*cite book|last=Püsküllüoğlu|first=Ali|title=Arkadaş Türkçe Sözlük (Arkadaş Turkish Dictionary)|publisher=Arkadaş Yayınevi, Ankara|year=2004|isbn=975-509-053-3tr icon

External links

* [http://marmaris.org/Marmaris_blog/blogs/common_turkish_phrases/archive/tags/Turkish+Phrases/default.aspx Turkish Phrases with Video]
* [http://www.dictionarist.com Turkish Talking Dictionary]
* [http://www.seslisozluk.com/ Sesli Sözlük] , online Turkish, Ottoman, English, Spanish, German, French, Italian dictionary with vocabulary translation pronunciations and idioms
* [http://www.langtolang.com LangToLang Turkish-to-many Dictionary]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/turkish/ BBC Turkish, including online Turkish radio service]
* [http://www.nisanyansozluk.com Sözlerin Soyağacı: Online Turkish etymological dictionary]
* [http://www.yeminlisozluk.com 250.000 Pretranslated English-Turkish Sentences]
* [http://www.miejipang-jpn2.net//untitled9.html A short English-Turkish-Japanese phraselist(renewal)] incl. sound file

Linguistics

*Ethnologue|code=tur
* [http://www.rosettaproject.org/archive/tur Turkish language] at the Rosetta Project archive
* [http://www.language-museum.com/t/turkish.php Turkish language at Language Museum]
* [http://linguistics.concordia.ca/turkishvowels/ Turkish vowels: sound and photos]

Learning resources

* [http://www.umich.edu/~turkish/langres_tr.html Turkish Language: Resources - University of Michigan]
* [http://cali.arizona.edu/maxnet/tur/ Turkish lessons at the University of Arizona]
* [http://www.turkishclass.com/lessons.php Turkish Language Class free online Turkish course]
* [http://www.freelanguagecourses.com/category/language/turkish/ United States Foreign Service Institute free online Turkish Basic Course]
* [http://www.learningturkish.org/ LearningTurkish.org]
* [http://siteofeducation.angelfire.com/ The Site of Education Turkish Language]
* [http://www.studyturkce.com/ Turkish Language Resources]
* [http://www.teachyourselfturkish.com Learn Turkish]
* [http://www.aton.ttu.edu/ Digital files of folksongs, tales and epics in Turkish from the Archive of Turkish Oral Narrative at the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library at Texas Tech University]

Turkish editions of Wikimedia projects

* [http://tr.wikisource.org/wiki/ VikiKaynak] , "Turkish Wikisource"
* [http://tr.wikiquote.org/wiki/ Vikisöz] , "Turkish Wikiquote"
* [http://tr.wiktionary.org/wiki/ Vikisözlük] , "Turkish Wiktionary"

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