- Politics of Burkina Faso
Politics of Burkina Faso takes place in a framework of a presidential
republic, whereby the President of Burkina Fasois both head of stateand head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive poweris exercised by the government. Legislative poweris vested in both the governmentand parliament. The party system is dominated by the Congress for Democracy and Progress. The Judiciaryis independent of the executive and the legislature.
1990, the Popular Frontheld its first National Congress, which formed a committee to draft a national constitution. The constitution was approved by referendumin 1991. In 1992, Blaise Compaoréwas elected president, running unopposed after the opposition boycotted the election because of Compaoré's refusal to accede to demands of the opposition such as a sovereign National Conference to set modalities. The opposition did participate in the following year's legislative elections, in which the ODP/MTwon a majority of seats.
The government of the Fourth Republic includes a strong presidency, a
prime minister, a Council of Ministers presided over by the president, a two-chamber National Assembly, and the judiciary. The legislature and judiciary are independent but remain susceptible to outside influence.
1995, Burkina held its first multiparty municipal elections since independence. With minor exceptions, balloting was considered free and fair by the local human rightsorganizations which monitored the contest. The president's ODP/MT won over 1,100 of some 1,700 councillor seats being contested.
1996, the ruling ODP/MT merged with several small opposition parties to form the Congress for Democracy and Progress(CDP). This effectively co-opted much of what little viable opposition to Compaoré existed. The remaining opposition parties regrouped in preparation for 1997legislative elections and the 1998presidential election. The 1997 legislative elections, which international observers pronounced to be substantially free, fair, and transparent, resulted in a large CDP majority--101 to 111 seats.
15 October 1987
4 June 2007The president is elected by popular vote for a seven-year term and may serve unlimited terms. The prime minister is appointed by the president with the consent of the legislature.The constitution of June 2, 1991, established a semi-presidential government with a parliament(Assemblée) which can be dissolved by the President of the Republic, who is elected for a term of 5 years. The year 2000 saw a constitutional amendment reducing the presidential term from 7 to 5 years, which was enforced during the 2005 elections. Another change according to the amendment would have prevented sitting president Blaise Compaoréfrom being re-elected. However, notwithstanding a challenge by other presidential candidates, in October 2005, the constitutional council ruled that because Compaoré was already a sitting president in 2000, the amendment would not apply to him until the end of his second term in office, thereby clearing the way for his candidacy in the 2005 election. On November 13Compaoré was reelected in a landslide due to a divided political opposition.
The National Assembly ("Assemblée Nationale") has 111 members, elected for a five year term by
Political parties and elections
Political pressure groups
Burkinabe General Confederation of Laboror CGTB; Burkinabe Movement for Human Rightsor HBDHP; Group of 14 February; National Confederation of Burkinabe Workersor CNTB; National Organization of Free Unionsor ONSL; watchdog/political action groups throughout the country in both organizations and communities
Burkina Faso is divided into 13 regions and 45 provinces:
Provinces: Balé, Bam,
Banwa, Bazega, Bougouriba, Boulgou, Boulkiemde, Comoe, Ganzourgou, Gnagna, Gourma, Houet, Ioba, Kadiogo, Kenedougou, Komondjari, Kompienga, Kossi, Koulpelogo, Kouritenga, Kourweogo, Leraba, Loroum, Mouhoun, Namentenga, Nahouri, Nayala, Noumbiel, Oubritenga, Oudalan, Passore, Poni, Sanguie, Sanmatenga, Seno, Sissili, Soum, Sourou, Tapoa, Tuy, Yagha, Yatenga, Ziro, Zondoma, Zoundweogo
International organization participation
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ITUC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
The current ambassador of Burkina Faso to Canada is
The former ambassador of Burkina Faso to the United States was
Tertius Zongo, he left his post when appointed Prime Minister in July 2007; the US Ambassador to Burkina Faso is Jeanine Jackson.
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