Greater Antilles
Greater Antilles
Grandes Antilles (French)
Antillas Mayores (Spanish)
—  Region of the Caribbean  —
Location within the Caribbean.
Region Flag of CARICOM.svg Caribbean
Island States
Area
 - Total 207,435 km2 (80,069 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 - Total 35,066,790
 - Density 169.05/km2 (437.8/sq mi)
Demonym Greater Antillean
Time zone AST (UTC−5)
 - Summer (DST) ADT (UTC−4)

The Greater Antilles are one of three island groups in the Caribbean. Comprising Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (containing the nations of Haiti and the Dominican Republic) , and Puerto Rico, the Greater Antilles constitute almost 90% of the land mass of the entire West Indies.[1]

Contents

Greater Antilles in context

The islands of the Caribbean Sea, collectively known as the West Indies, are sorted by size and location into the Bahamas (or Lucayan archipelago, which includes the Turks and Caicos Islands), the Lesser Antilles, and the Greater Antilles. The "Greater Antilles" refers to Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and Puerto Rico. The smaller islands in the vicinity of these four major islands are sometimes also treated as part of the group. This includes the smaller islands that surround the main islands, but are still part of the main island country (for instance, the Republic of Cuba consists of the island of Cuba, the Isle of Youth, and several smaller islands around them.) The Cayman Islands are also often included in the Greater Antilles because of their geographical proximity to Cuba. The Greater Antilles are made up of continental rock, part of North America, as distinct from that of the Lesser Antilles, which are mostly young volcanic or coral islands.

The Yucatan Channel separates the Greater Antilles from Mexico, and the Florida Straits separate them from the United States. To the South of the Greater Antilles, and completely surrounding Jamaica, is the Caribbean Sea.

Located on the islands of the Greater Antilles are three original members of the United Nations: the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Cuba. Jamaica was formerly a possession of the United Kingdom, winning its independence on August 6, 1962, and joining the United Nations that same year. Puerto Rico is still a voluntary Commonwealth of the United States (by repeated votes by its people), which means that it is neither a state, nor an independent country, but is a U.S. territory.

The Greater Antilles were of strategic significance during the years when sea power defined a country's might, and they served as the battlegrounds for several important powers, particularly Spain, France, and Great Britain. Later, the Greater Antilles became important to the United States of America, with its large fleets of merchant ships and its Navy. First exploited for their resources, the Greater Antilles were later utilized as the principal landing points for ships traveling between Europe and the New World. With the advent of long-range steamships and commercial airlines, the strategic importance of these islands has diminished over time.

The Greater Antilles remain strategically important to the United States and the United Kingdom, each of which maintain naval and air bases there. Cuba, formerly a key ally of the Soviet Union, demonstrated the regional importance of the Greater Antilles in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Currently, the United States leases a naval base and naval air station at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, making yearly payments by check that the current Cuban government does not cash.[2]

Extending along the northern edge of the Greater Antilles is the southern edge of the "Bermuda Triangle". The southern leg of this triangle extends from southeastern Florida, not far from Cuba, to San Juan, Puerto Rico. The other two legs of this triangle extend north to Bermuda.

Countries

Islands of the Greater Antilles
Country with flag Area
(km²)
Population
(1 July 2005 est.)
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Cuba Cuba &10000000000110860000000110,860 &1000000001134667000000011,346,670 102.4 Havana
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic &1000000000004873000000048,730 &100000000089500340000008,950,034 183.7 Santo Domingo
Haiti Haiti &1000000000002775000000027,750 &100000000081216220000008,121,622 292.7 Port-au-Prince
Jamaica Jamaica &1000000000001099100000010,991 &100000000027318320000002,731,832 248.6 Kingston
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands (UK) &10000000000000264000000264 &1000000000006045600000060,456 139.5 George Town
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (USA) &100000000000091040000009,104 &100000000039166320000003,916,632 430.2 San Juan
Total &10000000000207435000000207,435 &1000000003506679000000035,066,790 169.05

See also

References

Rogonzinski, Jan. A Brief History of the Caribbean. New York: Facts on File, 1992.

External links

Coordinates: 21°59′N 79°02′W / 21.983°N 79.033°W / 21.983; -79.033


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Greater Antilles — group of islands in the West Indies, made up of the N & W Antilles, including the islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, & Puerto Rico * * * ▪ islands, West Indies       the four largest islands of the Antilles (q.v.) Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica,… …   Universalium

  • Greater Antilles — group of islands in the West Indies, made up of the N & W Antilles, including the islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, & Puerto Rico …   English World dictionary

  • Greater Antilles — noun The islands of Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Puerto Rico, in the Caribbean Sea. See Also: Antilles, Lesser Antilles …   Wiktionary

  • Greater Antilles. — See under Antilles. * * * …   Universalium

  • Greater Antilles — See Antilles …   Webster's Gazetteer

  • Greater Antilles — Great′er Antil′les n. pl. geg See under Antilles …   From formal English to slang

  • Greater Antilles — /greɪtər ænˈtɪliz/ (say graytuhr an tileez) plural noun See Antilles …   Australian English dictionary

  • Greater Antilles — noun a group of islands in the western West Indies • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archipelago • Part Holonyms: ↑Antilles • Part Meronyms: ↑Cuba, ↑Hispaniola, ↑Haiti, ↑Hayti …   Useful english dictionary

  • Greater Antilles. — See under Antilles …   Useful english dictionary

  • Greater Antilles — geographical name group of islands in the West Indies including Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, & Puerto Rico …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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